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Ana Mahuze, a woman who helps Aibon’s children

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Children of Aibon glue suckers are undergoing medical checkups – Jubi/Frans L Kobun

Jakarta, Jubi – It’s not like the other days. That afternoon, the Vertentensai hall of Merauke archdiocese was crowded.

Dozens of children who are misusing Aibon glue conducted medical check-up. Merauke Archdiocese Health Commission, in collaboration with Forum Peduli Penyalahgunaan Lem, initiated the activity, which is taken place in Merauke Regency.

On Wednesday (January 17th), some medical officers examined the health of dropout of school children who are identified as the glue suckers. Most of these children are Papuans.

This event was actually initiated by Ana Mahuze who is the Head of Merauke Archdiocese Health Commission. Over the two years she watched over the health conditions of these children, which have dropped drastically. In addition, they looked malnourished.

Poverty and family problems

On Thursday (January 18th), Jubi met Ana Mahuze. She said that in 2015-2016, she had specifically examined the children who sucked Aibon glue and found some serious issues behind why these children are fallen into becoming the Aibon glue sucker.

She said the children came from the poor families. Some of them come from the divorced parents or scattered families and live with their mother or mothers’ families. Some are also experienced with physical and psychological violence or abuse, such as scolded with harsh words.

For these reasons, the children chose to go out and live with their friends on the street, at the shop peripheries and a number of other places that are allowed them to make a joke around, laughing, playing and earning some money.

It took a long timed patience to be able embracing the children, she said. It was not easy to gather them all at the same time.

“I saw the children who were in the storefront from morning to late at night. Slowly, I tried to build a direct communication with their family at their homes,” she said.

After several times of communication that repeatedly conducted by her, she gradually invited them for eating out together. Through this activity, they started to accept her and it slowly opened the way for further activities.

“With very limited honorariums from the diocese and every Wednesday started in 2016, I have been inviting the children to come to my house, just to share stories, eat cookies and drink milk together,” she said.

She finally succeeded to assist 47 children who were addicted with the Aibon glue and Kastol glue. “I had a data from 2017. The children were between 8-17 years old. Since then, the assistance is given continuously. Up to now there are two children who stopped sucking the glues and returned to school in junior high school (SMP). While for the rest, they are still on going process to be free-addicted.

“It takes time and we cannot do this alone. It needs intervention and involvement of various parties,” she said.

From Aibon to Kastol

Usually the children buy the Aibon glue from some stores, with the money they’ve got from becoming the parking attendants in front of store peripheries. The direct impact of inhaling Aibon glue, she said, not only made the children drunk, but also could withstand with hunger.

“Usually they would feel hungry by 17:00 PM. In the morning up until noon they would not feel hungry due to the influence of the glue that they’ve sucked. It will stand for several hours, which is enough to make them drunk and hallucinating in sight and their hearing,” she said.

They are not only men, but also found four girls. But now one girl has stoped sucking it. “We have also taken a step by going to some places that sell Aibon glue, and asked the store owners not to serve the children again,” she said.

But when the children couldn’t get the Aibon glue, they switched to Kastol glue. “This is happening now and we do not stay silent; we continue to perform a monitoring,” she said.

In general, the children were eager to continue their education, but when they entered school, they were discriminated from other friends. So they choose to return to the street.

To be able to break the chain of children who smoked Aibon glue, according to Ana it needs an effort such as building a shelter house. Children can get education, health services and some other activities in the house.

Respiratory will be disturbed

A doctor at RSUD Merauke, dr. Peter Tjia explains, the effect of sucking Aibon glue is it would disrupt the respiratory tract. As a result, the child is deprived of blood, that’s why the children looked so thin.

“We will check the function of their l, whether it was already disturbed or not, then send them to Merauke Regional General Hospital (RSUD) for laboratory tests and lung photographs,” he said.

The Head of Social Rehabilitation Division of Social Affairs Office of Merauke Regency, Esther Bimak, separately admitted that they do not have a complete data of the children.

“When we wanted to check and collect the data on them, the children followed their parents back to Mappi and Asmat regencies by boat,” she said.

Nevertheless, according to her, to this day, there are 30 children of Aibon addicted and orphans who dropped out of school has been accommodated in one of the social affairs’ dormitories and have been assisted to be able to return to school, ” she said.

A social worker, Theresia Widia Astuti, added that the number of glue-addicted children was increased because of the condition of lacking affection and good attention given by families and parents.

“Because the lack of affection, children choose their own way for enjoying their life and having fun away from home and playing with other friends and doing whatever they want to,” she said. (Koran Jubi/Zely)

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Noken system in Papua’s elections is still debated

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Illustration of Noken system mostly used in the highland region of Papua’s election – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The Constitutional Court (MK) has acknowledged and endorsed the Noken System in the elections in accordance with the Decree of the Constitutional Court Number: 47-48 / PHPU.A-VI / 2009 and the article 18B paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution.

However, this system is still considered to cause some conflicts among local communities because it forces many candidates to think and work hard to get sympathy from people living in such areas applied to this system.
Although the Papua General Election Commission (KPU) has issued the technical guidelines in 2013 regulating the use of noken instead of the ballot box in the election, Metusalak Ifandi, the Chairman of Papua Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu), admits the noken system is still a potential source of conflicts in the local election in Papua.
“The implementation in the field is totally different from the technical guidelines. This should be addressed by KPU. Of course, there needs a coordination between KPU and Bawaslu regarding the technical implementation including the regulations because we only refer to their guidelines,” he answered Jubi on Tuesday (9/18/2018) in Jayapura.
Multi-interpretation and the need of review
The noken system is considered valid if the noken is hung on the wood located in the polling station. Voters must come to the location and should not be represented by others to put the ballot into the noken. After the voting, the ballots must be counted on location but still need to be punched (to authorize), not like the voting process in other regions where the noken system is not applied, voters punched the ballot at the same time they put it into the ballot box. That’s why, according to Papua Bawaslu, the noken system often leads to misinterpretation.
“According to the Constitutional Court, the use of the noken system to substitute the ballot box is to respect the tradition of the local community,” said Metusalak.
Meanwhile, Theodorus Kossay, the Chairman of KPU Papua, said KPU Papua considers three aspects towards the application of the noken system, namely reviewing this system with academics, establishing the standard operating procedures and stimulating the use of this system.
“These three aspects were carried out to give weight to the implementation of the noken system and provide education to the people living in 14 districts that use the noken system,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
Editor : Pipiet Maizier

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ULMWP plans peaceful movements in seven indigenous territories

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United Liberation Movement for West Papua Action Committee (ULMWP) team – Jubi / Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – ULMWP going to hold peaceful demonstrations in seven indigenous territories of West Papua on 24 – 28 September 2018.

Ice Murib, the spokesperson of action committee for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), stated in a press conference held in the Papuan Customary Council, Expo Waena on Wednesday (08/19/2018).

The central theme is to give full support to Vanuatu and other Pacific countries to address the issue of West Papua to the UN General Assembly 2019.

“We will conduct a peaceful movement in indigenous territories of Mamta and Animha on 24 September 2018 centred in Hollandia (Jayapura), whereas the same activities in other regions will be on the following dates,” said Murib.

Murib further said the delegations of ULMWP and Vanuatu are going to attend the 73rd UN General Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland. So far, Vanuatu has made a resolution enforcing the rights of self-determination for West Papua to be submitted at the hearing.

“They will also mobilise support from other countries to promote self-determination for West Papua,” continued Murib.

For this reason, he appealed to all people including students, civil servants and those who are care of independence to participate in the movement. “You can do whatever you want to celebrate it. Pray, do orations, give speeches and so on.”

In Jayapura, the rally will start from different points namely Expo, Lingkaran Abe and Dok V and then the mass will gather at Perumnas 3 Waena. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papua Governor: No more conflicts in Puncak Jaya

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Illustration of Mulia City, Puncak Jaya Regency. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said Puncak Jaya District there should not be a stigma for Puncak Jaya District as a conflict area because it is not a killing field. In contrary, this area is safe and peaceful.

“I governed this region once, so I know what people want. For that reason, I ask the local government officials to be able to take care of the community so to avoid more conflicts,” told Enembe to reporters on Thursday (09/13/2018) at the Office of the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP).

Furthermore, the governor said to avoid conflicts between different tribes and groups; the government officials should not also act to represent their personal or group interests.

Separately, Papua Police Deputy Chief the Brigadier General Yakoubus Marjuki said that the police always try to use a subtle approach to solve conflicts in Papua.

“This is our commitment because we want every region in Papua to always be safe and peaceful including in Puncak Jaya.” (*)

 


Reporter: Roy Ratumakin

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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