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Indigenous Peoples of Papua

Back to his village, Augustine help to build Mama Papua market

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Making tents and stalls for Papuan mama in Mabilabol market, Oksibil, Pegunungan Bintang – Jubi / IST

Oksibil, Jubi – Stalls and tents for selling commodities along the approximately 200 meters was arranged neatly with basic materials of wood and zinc roof.

Some Mama-mama Papua seller looked happy by their face and a typical smile. Conditions experienced by Mama Mama who sell various commodities in Mabilabol market, Oksibil is different than one month before.

“They used to trade in the midst of scorching with minimal places,” said Augustine, a young boy who self-helpingly built the stalls in the Pegunungan Bintang area.

According to Agustinus, mama-mama have struggling to hold back the heat, rain and wind, in order to sell various Papuan products.

The condition of the regency’s market infrastructure that was unable to accommodate the previous traders forced, so Mama-mama has to struggle to survive in the midst of various merchandise such as areca nut, yams, fish, vegetables and other garden products.

“Not infrequently Mama-mama sell on the roadside, on the sidewalk in front of the market building, precisely in front of Bank Papua, Kampung Mabilabol, Oksibil City,” added Agustinus.

But the condition is now changing; now Mama-mama are cheerful when they sell their stuffs. They were also protected by tents and boards made by Augustine along with their folks.

Initially Augustinus spend Rp 11 million of his personal money; he collects wood, boards, beams, and zinc shoulder to build a store for dozens of mama-mama along the roadside.

“I finished it one week, stalls can be occupied more comfortably,” said Augustine.

Steps to build a stall for mama-mama merchants in the market of Mabilabol, Oksibil were not separated from the moral call in the village of his birth. Especially because the condition of the market has become a public discourse and crowded in social media.

Each student makes a status on Facebook related to the merchant shoppers are apprehensive. “At that time I was wondering how to get money to buy equipment for the market,” said Augustine.

Finally with six truckloads of wood, they drop during the night, in the morning about 200 meters long the shore the stalls have been built. According to Augustine, the place can accommodate hundreds of merchants.

There are about 70 people occupying and can sell there. But the problem continues along with protests from traders inside the market who claimed their commodities selling are affected from the stalls outside.

“But after we explain it the market competition and other things, they follow,” said the man from Balusu, Oksibil.

He was able to build stalls from customary land grants that felt the same concerns with traditional elders and customary owners.

In addition to helping Mama mama, he had a goal for the government will see the economic activity in the traditional market. “Please treat mama-mama like a human. Do not create classes,” said graduated student of one private university in Bandung, West Java.

Augustine has a dream Mama-mama Papua to masters in their own country. That way the free selling part of the effort in the direction he dreamed of.

Deputy Chairman of the Pegunungan Bintang Regional People’s Legislative Assembly, Piter Kalakmabin expressed appreciation of Augustine and his friends. He requested that all parties to support the self-help movement through social action.

“Do not merely look to political side, anything else, ahead of the 2018 Papuan governor election,” said Piter Kalakmabin.

Piter requested that the Pegunungan Bintang Regency Government facilitate Papuan Mama with a decent place of sale as Augustine did. (tabloidjubi/Zely)

Arts & Culture

Native languages of Jayapura Municipality threatened with extinction

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Illustration of Enggros Village in Jayapura – steemit.com

Jayapura, Jubi – Some local or native languages in Jayapura Municipality threaten to be extinct if not immediately protected.

“There are many native Papuan languages in Tanah Tabi (Jayapura Municipality), namely Sentani, Nafri, Tobati Enggros, Kayu Pulo and Skouw languages. In general, except for Sentani language, the sustainability of these languages is quite apprehensive,” said Suharyanto, a senior researcher from the Indonesian Language Center of Papua and West Papua on Friday (05/10/2018) in Jayapura City.

Moreover, he said the Indonesian Language Center for Papua and West Papua Area had research on Nafri and Tobati Enggross languages in Jayapura Municipality in 2003 and 2004.

“In the case of Nafri language, if there is no serious action taken by speakers and the state, it is estimated that in the next three generations this language would become extinct. It is similar for Tobati Enggros and Kayu Pulo languages,” he said.

Meanwhile, regarding Kayu Pulo language, although it has not been studied yet, but based on the proximity of the place and the number of speakers, it can be concluded also be threatened with extinction.

The endangered of these three regional languages, he continued, is related to the decline in the number of speakers, its locations, the use of language and people’s assimilation.

Furthermore, Suharyanto said a solution to protect the native languages in Tanah Tabi is to include it in some learning materials in schools. “The municipal government has initiated an effort to protect the local languages by preparing the local content teaching materials or books to be taught at the elementary schools,” he said.  (*)

Source: Antara

Editor: Pipit Maizier

 

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Arts & Culture

Sago Festival, an effort to revitalize local Papuan food

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Sagoo cultivation – Jubi.doc

The imported and convenient food has considered ‘colonizing’ the local food in Papua gradually due to some reasons including transportation and migration.

Easy access of transportation and migration has accelerated the disappearance of the local food such as papeda (Papuan traditional food made from sago), sweet potatoes, taro, red fruit (pandanus) and so on.

Papua Jungle Chef Coordinator Charles Toto told reporters in Jayapura, Tuesday, October 2, 2018, that in the Oceania Parliament session, he proposed a forum to restore the glory of local Papuan food.

“We consider throwing back the local food through the traditional food festival such as ‘eating papeda served in ‘sempe’ as well as other local food festivals,” said Toto.

Furthermore, he said there is a significant change in the local food consumption among the indigenous Papuans. Therefore, the government must take serious attention to this situation.

For example, record some traditional recipes from the elderly. In that way, their grandchildren can learn, know and practice it in their daily lives. Also, the raw ingredients in nature must not remove.

“We explore the traditional recipes that currently become extinct from our parents and try to preserve it,” he said. Moreover, he said,” It is to show the richness of local Papuan food to the international community.”

Toto, who had just attended the Slow Food Festival in Milan, Italy, continued that people abroad were surprised and admired the recipes for the local Papuan food. However, ironically, he said, whether, in Papua or Indonesia, it becomes less popular.

“Papua jungle chef presents our recipes in that event, and also show the identity of Papuan indigenous people,” he said.

“We showed them that we maintain this traditional food, we fight for it and live with it. We want to show to the world that the indigenous Papuans is capable for doing this,” added Toto.

Meanwhile, the Sago Activist Community of Papua is also actively conducting sago festivals in many villages involving the local community.  Sago festival consider valuable as an effort to save the sago forests and local spices.

A few days ago a sago festival conducted in Kampung Abar, Ebungfauw sub-district, Jayapura District. The festival will regularly hold every 30 September since 2017. In this festival, sago serves in ‘sempe’, a local name for special pottery for serving ‘papeda’.  If in the previous year, it only served 50 sempe, but this time it had at least 150 sempe.

“We are very committed because most sago areas in Indonesia are in Jayapura, Papua, as well as its varieties. Also, Papuans have religious and cultural relations with sago,” said Marshall Suebu, the Coordinator of Sago Activist Community of Papua.

According to Suebu, sago is essential in the culture of the indigenous Papuans, especially those who live in the coastal areas. These local communities have even known this plant and processed it for their daily food many years ago.

Thus, the community that is led by Suebu hopes that Papua Provincial Government will support their activities. He already met some ondoafi (local name for a tribal chief) in Jayapura District to discuss sago and its future conservation.

“(Ondoafi) they welcome us very well,” Suebu said. Moreover, he said they support the proposal by providing lands for sago cultivation.

“In Toware village, they provide 15 hectares for us, while in Evale village, there are 25 hectares. Meanwhile, Abar village has already provided 20 hectares of sago land,” said Suebu.

Currently, Papua Provincial Government has attempted to cultivate sago through the ‘sago movement’ in which every woman has been encouraged to plant at least ten sago trees. Sago is also regarded as a potential commodity and an alternative food for rice. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Economy

Dogiyai and Deiyai coffee crowned as ‘the Best Coffee of the Year’

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The founder of Enauto Coffee, Hanok Herison Pigai, received an award from the Executive Director of SCOPI, Sunday, (30/9) – Jubi / SCOPI Instagram

Jayapura, Jubi – Arabica Coffee Deiyai and Dogiyai won the first place and runner-up at The Best Coffee of the Year award held in Jakarta Coffee Week 2018 on 28 – 30 September 2018.

The two types of green coffee which origin of the highlands of Meepago region, Papua, are introduced by the Product Processing Unit of Enauto Coffee which was established by the Foundation of Community Welfare Development (Yapkema).

The assessment was done by both national and international coffee experts, by looking at the post-harvesting process that produces the ready-to-drink coffee. They then decided that Deiyai coffee won the first place in the category of “Honey Process”, while Dogiyai coffee became the runner-up in the category of the Natural and Semi-Washed Process.

“We won these categories based on the new assessment, namely the process of post-harvesting green beans,” Director Yapkema who is also the founder of Enauto, Hanok Herison Pigai told Jubi by phone on Monday (1/10/2018).

Moreover, he explained the coffee experts from Australia and Indonesia assessed the coffee beans brought by 14 farmers representing their respective regions throughout Indonesia. The coffee beans are then roasted and smelled, after which they brewed (cupping).

Pigai explained that Enauto implements a new approach in processing the post-harvesting coffee so that it could win this annual competition which has conducted since three years ago.

“We have applied four post-harvesting processes over our Arabica coffee and also provided training to farmers. The process includes natural, honey, semi-washed and full-washed,” he said.

Pigai believes that in the future the market demand for his coffee products will be high, especially after being crowned a champion in the speciality coffee category.

“On behalf of other local coffee farmers, I feel proud to be present at the Indonesian coffee festival to represent coffee and Papuan culture,” he said.

Previously, reported by Bisnis.com (18/9), the Executive Director of the Indonesian Sustainable Coffee Platform (Scopi) Veronica Herlina, said Jacoweek 2018 would be very helpful to encourage and motivate the farmers in planting.

“We hope that by the joining Jacoweek, they will return to their villages and be motivated to plant and able to know the size of the market they have,” she said.

As the initiator of the Jacoweek, Scopi, according to Veronica, has provided more than 84,000 training in one year for a total of around 2 million coffee farmers throughout Indonesia. (*)

Reporter: Hengki Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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