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Indigenous Peoples of Papua

Cultural Destruction, Land Conversion Threaten Indigenous Papuans

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Indigenous peoples of Papua - Jubi

Indigenous peoples of Papua – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The destruction of Papuan culture is gradually happening and is threatening the lives of indigenous people, a student group said.

The issue at heart is not the reduced number of Papuans, or a number of birth and mortality. But the most important is the lost of cultural values, replacement pattern (ignoring the sacred land), a ban to used the local languages in some urban schools, as well as the lost of local content education in school, said the Chaiman of Papua Highland Student Association in Indonesia (AMPTPI) for Eastern Indonesia Region, Natan Naftali Tebai.

He said the most crucial is the lost of tenure rights on land, water and the values of life. “The process of land conversation such as the sago forest was destroyed becoming the oil palm plantation was counted as the process of the extermination towards the values and heritage plant in Papua,” Tebai said in Jayapura on Monday (19/10/2015).

According to him, once Papua was recognized as the sago barn but it is now recognized as the oil palm barn. During the time the number of population in Papua is still politicized by some bureaucracy elites, therefore the population of Papua blooms up to more than three million.
“The Papua Provincial Government should be firm and realistic about the population number of indigenous people. The Regional Parliament, Papua Representative Council, Papua’s People Assembly and Papua Provincial Government do not stay still and watch the reality of genocide,” Tebay said.

He added they must establish the strategic stages, such as forming the Special Regional Regulation, establishing the particular institution to manage the migrants and provide sanctions over them if necessary.

“This is also prohibiting the development process. The Central Government also implements several policies that are not synergy with the Governor’s policies. Thus the regents and majors must observe this situation, therefore they shouldn’t necessarily ask the Central Government for supports,” he said.

It could be seen through several oil palm plantation companies, illegal logging and illegal fishing were happened without prior communication with the Provincial Government.

Further he asked the Papua Governor to immediately issue the regulation about the population restriction and form a special body about the population issue in Papua. He also suggested the requirement of the regulation of local transmigration regulation both people and government officials.

Earlier, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said the transmigration program in Papua initiated by the Minister of Village, Rural Development and Transmigration Marwan Jafar was a depopulation threat for indigenous Papua.
“We have rejected the transmigration program from the Central Government. If still want to realize it, it should be a local transmigration instead of replacing people from Java or other regions to Papua. Replacing poor people to Papua means taking a problem to Papua. It’s not only related to the economy or the employment or the social problem, but I do worried that the program would reduce the number of indigenous Papua on this land in ten or twenty years; depopulation of indigenous Papua,” Enembe told Jubi at his official resident on Saturday evening (17/10/2015) in Jayapura.

Further he said until today no institution has the valid data about the number of indigenous People. So how could we protect the indigenous Papua of the transmigration is still running without knowing the accurate data on the number of indigenous people. (Abeth You/rom)

Arts & Culture

Native languages of Jayapura Municipality threatened with extinction

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Illustration of Enggros Village in Jayapura – steemit.com

Jayapura, Jubi – Some local or native languages in Jayapura Municipality threaten to be extinct if not immediately protected.

“There are many native Papuan languages in Tanah Tabi (Jayapura Municipality), namely Sentani, Nafri, Tobati Enggros, Kayu Pulo and Skouw languages. In general, except for Sentani language, the sustainability of these languages is quite apprehensive,” said Suharyanto, a senior researcher from the Indonesian Language Center of Papua and West Papua on Friday (05/10/2018) in Jayapura City.

Moreover, he said the Indonesian Language Center for Papua and West Papua Area had research on Nafri and Tobati Enggross languages in Jayapura Municipality in 2003 and 2004.

“In the case of Nafri language, if there is no serious action taken by speakers and the state, it is estimated that in the next three generations this language would become extinct. It is similar for Tobati Enggros and Kayu Pulo languages,” he said.

Meanwhile, regarding Kayu Pulo language, although it has not been studied yet, but based on the proximity of the place and the number of speakers, it can be concluded also be threatened with extinction.

The endangered of these three regional languages, he continued, is related to the decline in the number of speakers, its locations, the use of language and people’s assimilation.

Furthermore, Suharyanto said a solution to protect the native languages in Tanah Tabi is to include it in some learning materials in schools. “The municipal government has initiated an effort to protect the local languages by preparing the local content teaching materials or books to be taught at the elementary schools,” he said.  (*)

Source: Antara

Editor: Pipit Maizier

 

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Arts & Culture

Sago Festival, an effort to revitalize local Papuan food

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Sagoo cultivation – Jubi.doc

The imported and convenient food has considered ‘colonizing’ the local food in Papua gradually due to some reasons including transportation and migration.

Easy access of transportation and migration has accelerated the disappearance of the local food such as papeda (Papuan traditional food made from sago), sweet potatoes, taro, red fruit (pandanus) and so on.

Papua Jungle Chef Coordinator Charles Toto told reporters in Jayapura, Tuesday, October 2, 2018, that in the Oceania Parliament session, he proposed a forum to restore the glory of local Papuan food.

“We consider throwing back the local food through the traditional food festival such as ‘eating papeda served in ‘sempe’ as well as other local food festivals,” said Toto.

Furthermore, he said there is a significant change in the local food consumption among the indigenous Papuans. Therefore, the government must take serious attention to this situation.

For example, record some traditional recipes from the elderly. In that way, their grandchildren can learn, know and practice it in their daily lives. Also, the raw ingredients in nature must not remove.

“We explore the traditional recipes that currently become extinct from our parents and try to preserve it,” he said. Moreover, he said,” It is to show the richness of local Papuan food to the international community.”

Toto, who had just attended the Slow Food Festival in Milan, Italy, continued that people abroad were surprised and admired the recipes for the local Papuan food. However, ironically, he said, whether, in Papua or Indonesia, it becomes less popular.

“Papua jungle chef presents our recipes in that event, and also show the identity of Papuan indigenous people,” he said.

“We showed them that we maintain this traditional food, we fight for it and live with it. We want to show to the world that the indigenous Papuans is capable for doing this,” added Toto.

Meanwhile, the Sago Activist Community of Papua is also actively conducting sago festivals in many villages involving the local community.  Sago festival consider valuable as an effort to save the sago forests and local spices.

A few days ago a sago festival conducted in Kampung Abar, Ebungfauw sub-district, Jayapura District. The festival will regularly hold every 30 September since 2017. In this festival, sago serves in ‘sempe’, a local name for special pottery for serving ‘papeda’.  If in the previous year, it only served 50 sempe, but this time it had at least 150 sempe.

“We are very committed because most sago areas in Indonesia are in Jayapura, Papua, as well as its varieties. Also, Papuans have religious and cultural relations with sago,” said Marshall Suebu, the Coordinator of Sago Activist Community of Papua.

According to Suebu, sago is essential in the culture of the indigenous Papuans, especially those who live in the coastal areas. These local communities have even known this plant and processed it for their daily food many years ago.

Thus, the community that is led by Suebu hopes that Papua Provincial Government will support their activities. He already met some ondoafi (local name for a tribal chief) in Jayapura District to discuss sago and its future conservation.

“(Ondoafi) they welcome us very well,” Suebu said. Moreover, he said they support the proposal by providing lands for sago cultivation.

“In Toware village, they provide 15 hectares for us, while in Evale village, there are 25 hectares. Meanwhile, Abar village has already provided 20 hectares of sago land,” said Suebu.

Currently, Papua Provincial Government has attempted to cultivate sago through the ‘sago movement’ in which every woman has been encouraged to plant at least ten sago trees. Sago is also regarded as a potential commodity and an alternative food for rice. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Economy

Dogiyai and Deiyai coffee crowned as ‘the Best Coffee of the Year’

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The founder of Enauto Coffee, Hanok Herison Pigai, received an award from the Executive Director of SCOPI, Sunday, (30/9) – Jubi / SCOPI Instagram

Jayapura, Jubi – Arabica Coffee Deiyai and Dogiyai won the first place and runner-up at The Best Coffee of the Year award held in Jakarta Coffee Week 2018 on 28 – 30 September 2018.

The two types of green coffee which origin of the highlands of Meepago region, Papua, are introduced by the Product Processing Unit of Enauto Coffee which was established by the Foundation of Community Welfare Development (Yapkema).

The assessment was done by both national and international coffee experts, by looking at the post-harvesting process that produces the ready-to-drink coffee. They then decided that Deiyai coffee won the first place in the category of “Honey Process”, while Dogiyai coffee became the runner-up in the category of the Natural and Semi-Washed Process.

“We won these categories based on the new assessment, namely the process of post-harvesting green beans,” Director Yapkema who is also the founder of Enauto, Hanok Herison Pigai told Jubi by phone on Monday (1/10/2018).

Moreover, he explained the coffee experts from Australia and Indonesia assessed the coffee beans brought by 14 farmers representing their respective regions throughout Indonesia. The coffee beans are then roasted and smelled, after which they brewed (cupping).

Pigai explained that Enauto implements a new approach in processing the post-harvesting coffee so that it could win this annual competition which has conducted since three years ago.

“We have applied four post-harvesting processes over our Arabica coffee and also provided training to farmers. The process includes natural, honey, semi-washed and full-washed,” he said.

Pigai believes that in the future the market demand for his coffee products will be high, especially after being crowned a champion in the speciality coffee category.

“On behalf of other local coffee farmers, I feel proud to be present at the Indonesian coffee festival to represent coffee and Papuan culture,” he said.

Previously, reported by Bisnis.com (18/9), the Executive Director of the Indonesian Sustainable Coffee Platform (Scopi) Veronica Herlina, said Jacoweek 2018 would be very helpful to encourage and motivate the farmers in planting.

“We hope that by the joining Jacoweek, they will return to their villages and be motivated to plant and able to know the size of the market they have,” she said.

As the initiator of the Jacoweek, Scopi, according to Veronica, has provided more than 84,000 training in one year for a total of around 2 million coffee farmers throughout Indonesia. (*)

Reporter: Hengki Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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