Jakarta, Jubi – The Indonesian government needs to change the policy of development which makes Papuan community a subject, says a non-government organization that specialises in West Papuan development issues.
This has emerged in the launch of research results and discussion “From Decolonialisation to Marginalisation: Portrait of Government Policy in Tanah Papua for the Last 46 Years” held by ELSAM in Jakarta May 18 2017.
Research coordinator on Papuan issues Budi Hernawan said that the research focused on three issues — demographic changes in Papua and the impact of development policy, environmental degradation, and militarization.
ELSAM provided several recommendations related to the three issues.
According to the coordinator of information and documentation of ELSAM, Ari Yurino, the transmigration programme in Papua has evidently brought negative impact to the social life of Papuan natives.
Due to the uneven transmigration and development programme, it has caused the increase of the number of migrants in Papua and the rise of conflict between the newcomers and the indigenous Papuans.
The transmigration programme must be terminated and its policy must be evaluated, Yurino said.
“As an alternative solution of regional development, the national government should facilitate the cooperation among regions to strengthen the local government in order to be able to seek for autonomous development,” he said.
One of the recommendations to the local government, he added, was to also formulate Perdasi (Provincial Regional Regulations) and Perdasus (Special Regional Regulations) which would encourage the assimilation of the migrants into Papuan culture through formal and informal education.
Meanwhile, in the context of environmental degradation, ELSAM’s programme staff, Kania Mezariani, said the national government needed to urgently conduct environmental auditing on all national scale projects in Papua, especially in the plantation and mining sectors.
According to her, those two sectors often became the triggers of conflicts, both locally and nationally
“The national government should focus on economic development which directly connects to the peoples’ needs,” she said.
Mezariani added that the local government should establish spatial planning in Papua and West Papua provinces in order to guarantee the life space of the indigenous Papuan people, especially related to the domination of the rainforests and lands of Papua.
‘NZ-aided community police’
Also the coordinator of human rights defenders capacity building of ELSAM, Mike Verawati, spoke about the importance of reviving community police in Papua.
“In Java, such a pattern is applied. Previously, the community police was run — through assistance from the Netherlands and New Zealand police institutions — quite successfully.
“That project should be run again. The government officers assigned in Papua should also receive the briefing about anthropology in order to understand and use the approach in accordance with Papuan characteristics,” she said.
Other than that, she also called on the national government to terminate the extension of authority to the Indonesian National Army over the defence role as specified in Law No 34/2002 on Indonesian National Army.
Budi Hernawan saisd ELSAM also urged Komnas HAM and the Attorney-General to immediately complete the documentation of human rights violations cases in Papua.
Hernawan added that local government must immediately establish a human rights protection instrument, especially like the Regional Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Court, and Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Papua and West Papua, as mandated by Law No 21/2001 on Special Autonomy.(*)
Source : asiapacificreport.nz
Editor : Zely Ariane
Police declare completion of Skrzypski’s trial documents
Jayapura, Jubi – Relevant documents of 30-year-old-Polish Jakup Febian Skrzypski (JFS) who arrested by a joint team from Papua Regional Police and Jayawijaya Regional Police at a hotel in Wamena City, Jayawijaya Regency, a few months ago due to an allegation associated with an insurgent group are already complete.
Public Relations Chief of Papua Police Senior Commissionaire A.M. Kamal said the prosecutor office confirmed the completion of these relevant documents. Therefore, the investigators from the Directorate of Crime of Papua Police will handover both the suspect and pieces of evidence to Wamena District Attorney for further process.
“Regarding this case, the investigators from the Directorate of Crime of Papua Police have questioned four witnesses,” said Kamal on Friday (10/19/2018).
Skrzypski is charging against Article 106 of the Criminal Code concerning State’s treason that makes him possible to take life imprisonment or twenty years in jail. “While other suspects YS and SM are still being investigated,” he said.
Earlier last month, the Head of Papua Representative Office of Human Rights Commission Frits Ramandey confirmed that the suspect Skrzypski was physically in good condition in the prison of Papua Regional Police.
“Even though he is fine physically, and as a prisoner, he has his right, but I think he is psychologically stressed,” Ramandey said at the time. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Reconstruction is necessary to track the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua
Jayapura, Jubi – A lecturer International Relations of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Cenderawasih Laus D.C. Rumayom asserted that reconstruction might be crucially important for evaluating the implementation of the Special Autonomy in Papua.
According to him, the reconstruction might help to assess achievements and obstacles occurred since the Special Autonomy Law applied in Papua since 2001.
“Some people say it works, whereas some say it doesn’t. But what the measure is? What does it look of its relationships with international politics?” Rumayom told Jubi on Thursday (10/11/2018).
Moreover, he said we would find out whether indigenous Papuans understand the situation after 18 years of the implementation of Special Autonomy and the map of future development.
“Therefore you might able to say that the indigenous Papuans should not become a beggar. We must have a strong principle of maintaining what has become a political contract through the Special Autonomy,” he said.
However, he said it is undeniable that the indigenous Papuans are facing social and cultural degradation. He took an example of seven tribes who are the landowners of PT. Freeport Indonesia’s mining area that has no power to voice their rights on gold and copper mine.
“Yet the outsiders talk about it, even though they have no relations at all with the family or the lands or another else,” he said.
Meanwhile, the Director of LP3BH Manokwari Yan Christian Warinussy recently said the government need to promptly encourage and promote a thorough evaluation of the implementation of the Special Autonomy policy to see and answer a series of questions over the past ten years.
“The evaluation is aimed to find a policy breakthrough for stakeholders, including the government’s role so that it could thoroughly protect their citizens,” said Warinussi. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor : Pipit Maizier
Memo NZ: ‘Get on the right side of history’ over West Papua
Vanuatu says New Zealand should get on the right side of history and support West Papuan self-determination. However, reports James Halpin of Asia Pacific Journalism, Indonesian diplomacy with its Pacific allies Australia, Fiji and Papua New Guinea are defiantly undermining Pacific “solidarity” on the issue.
Vanuatu’s Foreign Minister Ralph Regenvanu has called on New Zealand to get on the right side of history when it comes to West Papua.
Reaffirming President Salwai’s remarks at the UN General Assembly late last month, Regenvanu told Asia Pacific Report that the “people of Vanuatu have never had the opportunity to exercise their right of self-determination, which is an unalienable right under international law, and they must be given that opportunity”.
Independence for Vanuatu was achieved from the co-colonisers France and the United Kingdom in 1980.
West Papua had been a colony of the Dutch New Guinea but was annexed by Indonesia after a paratrooper “invasion” in 1962 followed by a UN-supervised vote in 1969 described by critics as fraudulent.
Asked why Vanuatu has taken the lead in advocating for West Papua, Regenvanu says:
“We take this position because of our historical solidarity with the people of West Papua – we were once together and the struggles as colonies trying to become independent; we achieved ours and we will not forget our brothers-and-sisters-in-arms who have not got theirs.”
For President Salwai and Regenvanu, the recent Pacific Islands Forum was a failure at gaining Pacific support for West Papuan self-determination.
“We are disappointed at the position of Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Australia to vocally oppose self-determination for West Papua. We are pleased that most other countries support self-determination, however.”
Regenvanu also criticises New Zealand for not following the advice that it gives to Pacific Island countries.
New Zealand should, “actively support with actions on this issue the ‘international rules-based order’ it is always promoting to PICs”.
The Melanesian Spearhead Group, which shares an ethnicity with the people of West Papua, has also failed at achieving solidarity over the issue.
“PNG and Fiji have strong ties to Indonesia and work actively to ensure the MSG does not address the issue.”
End colonialism call
President Charlot Salwai Tabimasmas introduced the issue of West Papua to the UN General Assembly this year.
“For half a century now, the international community has been witnessing a gamut of torture, murder, exploitation, sexual violence, arbitrary detention inflicted on the nationals of West Papua perpetrated by Indonesia.”
“We also call on our counterparts throughout the world to support the legal right of West Papua to self-determination.”
For President Salwai, it is an issue of justice and equality for the people of West Papua,
“I would like to get back to the principles in the charter of the United Nations to reaffirm that we believe in the fundamental rights of human beings in dignity and worth of the human person and in equality of rights between men and women and nations large and small.”
President Salwai has been the flag bearer of West Papuan self-determination. His aim is for West Papua to be placed back onto the decolonisation list under the UN charter.
However, President Salwai was supported by two other Pacific leaders, Marshall Islands’ President Hilda Heine of the Marshall Islands, and Enele Sopoaga of Tuvalu.
Sopoaga said: “The United Nations must also engage with the people of West Papua to find lasting solutions to their struggles.”
President Heine staid that Pacific Island countries supported constructive engagement on the issue.
At the 2016 UN General Assembly, seven countries stated their supported for West Papuan self-determination. These were: Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Tonga, Palau.
Decolonisation has become an important part of foreign relations in the Pacific with the New Caledonian independence vote on November 4.
After hundreds of years of European colonisation, the UN has provided a platform for and facilitated the self-determination of indigenous peoples across the world.
The Indonesian delegation denounced Vanuatu at the UN General Assembly just days ago. The Indonesia delegation used the entirety of their second right of reply in the general debate to deplore Vanuatu’s support for West Papuan self-determination.
“Although being disguised with flowery human rights concern, Vanuatu’s sole intention and action are directly challenging the internationally agreed principles of friendly relations between state, sovereignty and territorial integrity,” UN General Assembly Vice-President Muhammad Kalla said on behalf of his country.
He said: “Like any other country, Indonesia will firmly defend its territorial integrity.”
The Indonesian representative, Aloysius Taborat, said: “respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity is the cardinal rule in the relation among nations and in the United Nations”.
However, critics say Indonesia’s handling of West Papua’s vote in the 1969Act of Free Choice “was rigged” so that West Papua would vote to join Indonesia. Therefore, many see hypocrisy in Indonesia’s words, including in their reputation over press freedom.
Human rights abuses are a common occurrence in West Papua, according to human rights organisations. Simply raising the West Papuan flag can result in 15-years imprisonment.(*)
James Halpin is a student journalist on the Postgraduate Diploma in Communication Studies course at AUT. He is filing articles in the Asia-Pacific Journalism Studies paper.
- Hutan sagu yang sedang terancam: Sebuah potret konversi hutan dan lahan di Sentani 23 October 2018
- Sekda Lanny Jaya: Jika masyarakat jamin keamanan, tak masalah pasukan ditarik 23 October 2018
- DPR Papua terima aspirasi mahasiswa Lanny Jaya di halaman asrama 23 October 2018
- RS Dian Harapan gelar operasi katarak gratis di Kabupaten Sarmi 23 October 2018
- Gubernur Madang PNG: Papua dibawah kepemimpinan Lukas Enembe alami kemajuan 22 October 2018
- Konsultasi publik jadi ajang penyampaian aspirasi masyarakat ke legislator Papua 22 October 2018
- Larang demo, Polisi masuk asrama mahasiswa Lanny Jaya 22 October 2018
- Regulasi khusus untuk pedagang OAP 22 October 2018
Headlines2 weeks ago
Civilians are allegedly among casualties in Tingginambut gunfire
Headlines6 days ago
Reconstruction is necessary to track the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua
Environment2 weeks ago
Green economy development would be on five indigenous territories
Arts & Culture2 weeks ago
Native languages of Jayapura Municipality threatened with extinction
Economy1 week ago
Freeport Indonesia disregards Papua Manpower Office’s Decree
Economy5 days ago
Natural resources trigger territorial annexation
Economy2 weeks ago
Dogiyai and Deiyai coffee crowned as ‘the Best Coffee of the Year’
Economy2 weeks ago
KAD established to prevent corruption in the business sector in West Papua Province