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Expert Warns on Violation of Constitution over MSG Participation

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Intelligence expert Susanigtyas NH Kertopati - tempo.co

Intelligence expert Susanigtyas NH Kertopati – tempo.co

Jayapura, Jubi – As a country founded on the principle of diversity, Indonesia should not joined a race-based group of countries such as the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG), said intelligence expert Susanigtyas NH Kertopati on Monday (20/6/2016) in Jakarta.

Susaningtyas followed the participation of the Director General for Asia-Pacific and Africa of the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Desra Percaya at the MSG ministerial meeting held in Lautoka, Fiji on Thursday (16/62016).

At the meeting, the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) participated in an MSG Forum for the first time. Its presence in the meeting prompted a protest from Desra, who argued that his delegation was the official representative from Indonesia, which includes Papua.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Friday (17/6/2016) said in a statement that ULMWP is a separatist movement.

“ULMWP is a separatist movement in a sovereign state. This movement has no legitimacy and does not represent the West Papuan people,” said Desra said in the MSG Ministerial Meeting.

Though she agreed with Percaya’s statement, Ms. Kertopati regretted the decision taken by the Government of Indonesia to participate in the meeting.

“The presence of the Indonesian delegation was able to be played at the international level unilaterally,” Kertopati as beritasatu.com cited.

She warned that specific foreign policy such as the MSG case could be sued to the Constitutional Court because it is considered unconstitutional. If not careful, according to her, the government could be considered violating the Article 2 of the Law No. 37/1999 on Foreign Relations.

“Since it violates the third principle of Pancasila. It said the foreign relations and policies is based on Pancasila, Constitution 1945, and the Guidelines of State’s Policy,” she said.

Indonesia, she further said, is a pluralistic country; therefore it could not join the race-based organization. “As the third biggest democratic and pluralistic nation, we shouldn’t being trapped into the politic of race. We must be careful,” she said.

Indonesia has intensively lobbied several full member MSG countries to fight the attempt done by ULMWP to gain a full member of MSG. But the supports from grassroots communities in the Melanesian countries for West Papua self-determination and the international diplomacy on Papua issue are growing stronger. (Victor Mambor)

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Noken system in Papua’s elections is still debated

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Illustration of Noken system mostly used in the highland region of Papua’s election – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The Constitutional Court (MK) has acknowledged and endorsed the Noken System in the elections in accordance with the Decree of the Constitutional Court Number: 47-48 / PHPU.A-VI / 2009 and the article 18B paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution.

However, this system is still considered to cause some conflicts among local communities because it forces many candidates to think and work hard to get sympathy from people living in such areas applied to this system.
Although the Papua General Election Commission (KPU) has issued the technical guidelines in 2013 regulating the use of noken instead of the ballot box in the election, Metusalak Ifandi, the Chairman of Papua Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu), admits the noken system is still a potential source of conflicts in the local election in Papua.
“The implementation in the field is totally different from the technical guidelines. This should be addressed by KPU. Of course, there needs a coordination between KPU and Bawaslu regarding the technical implementation including the regulations because we only refer to their guidelines,” he answered Jubi on Tuesday (9/18/2018) in Jayapura.
Multi-interpretation and the need of review
The noken system is considered valid if the noken is hung on the wood located in the polling station. Voters must come to the location and should not be represented by others to put the ballot into the noken. After the voting, the ballots must be counted on location but still need to be punched (to authorize), not like the voting process in other regions where the noken system is not applied, voters punched the ballot at the same time they put it into the ballot box. That’s why, according to Papua Bawaslu, the noken system often leads to misinterpretation.
“According to the Constitutional Court, the use of the noken system to substitute the ballot box is to respect the tradition of the local community,” said Metusalak.
Meanwhile, Theodorus Kossay, the Chairman of KPU Papua, said KPU Papua considers three aspects towards the application of the noken system, namely reviewing this system with academics, establishing the standard operating procedures and stimulating the use of this system.
“These three aspects were carried out to give weight to the implementation of the noken system and provide education to the people living in 14 districts that use the noken system,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
Editor : Pipiet Maizier

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ULMWP plans peaceful movements in seven indigenous territories

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United Liberation Movement for West Papua Action Committee (ULMWP) team – Jubi / Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – ULMWP going to hold peaceful demonstrations in seven indigenous territories of West Papua on 24 – 28 September 2018.

Ice Murib, the spokesperson of action committee for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), stated in a press conference held in the Papuan Customary Council, Expo Waena on Wednesday (08/19/2018).

The central theme is to give full support to Vanuatu and other Pacific countries to address the issue of West Papua to the UN General Assembly 2019.

“We will conduct a peaceful movement in indigenous territories of Mamta and Animha on 24 September 2018 centred in Hollandia (Jayapura), whereas the same activities in other regions will be on the following dates,” said Murib.

Murib further said the delegations of ULMWP and Vanuatu are going to attend the 73rd UN General Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland. So far, Vanuatu has made a resolution enforcing the rights of self-determination for West Papua to be submitted at the hearing.

“They will also mobilise support from other countries to promote self-determination for West Papua,” continued Murib.

For this reason, he appealed to all people including students, civil servants and those who are care of independence to participate in the movement. “You can do whatever you want to celebrate it. Pray, do orations, give speeches and so on.”

In Jayapura, the rally will start from different points namely Expo, Lingkaran Abe and Dok V and then the mass will gather at Perumnas 3 Waena. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papua Governor: No more conflicts in Puncak Jaya

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Illustration of Mulia City, Puncak Jaya Regency. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said Puncak Jaya District there should not be a stigma for Puncak Jaya District as a conflict area because it is not a killing field. In contrary, this area is safe and peaceful.

“I governed this region once, so I know what people want. For that reason, I ask the local government officials to be able to take care of the community so to avoid more conflicts,” told Enembe to reporters on Thursday (09/13/2018) at the Office of the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP).

Furthermore, the governor said to avoid conflicts between different tribes and groups; the government officials should not also act to represent their personal or group interests.

Separately, Papua Police Deputy Chief the Brigadier General Yakoubus Marjuki said that the police always try to use a subtle approach to solve conflicts in Papua.

“This is our commitment because we want every region in Papua to always be safe and peaceful including in Puncak Jaya.” (*)

 


Reporter: Roy Ratumakin

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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