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Focus on infrastructure development has made human rights enforcement lacking?

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The office of National Human Rights Commission in Jakarta – Supplied

Jakarta, Jubi – Still in the framework of evaluation of Joko Widodo – Jusuf Kalla 3 years’ government, law enforcement and human rights is
the most hot topic and spotlight of many parties.

This time the Vice Chairman of Commission III of the House of Representatives, Benny K. Harman who considered the performance
of government of Joko Widodo – M. Jusuf Kalla in the field of law enforcement, tend to walk in place.

“We are like running in place, the progress in law enforcement field is like ‘poco-poco dance’,” Benny said as quoted by Antara
on Saturday (October 28) in a discussion in Jakarta entitled Critical Evaluation of Three Years of Jokowi Government; where is Legal Justice?

According to him, the lack of performance shows the government is not working well. “If this is the case, we can do this even without the president,” he said.

According to him, the law in Indonesia today tends to be used by the government as a tool of power by putting justice aside .

“The law is supposed to guard democracy, but I am afraid that the it used as a tool to achieve the interests of power,” he said.

Focus on infrastructure is the cause?

In response, Experts Office Staff of the President, Ifdhal Kasim said it is due to government policy focusing on infrastructure development,
which does cause less attention in other areas.

But Ifdhal also specifies, current legal reforms concentrate on regulatory reform, the settlement of a number of human rights cases
and the reform of legal institutions.

He said from seven past human rights violation cases, two are under legal processing.

“There have been two cases, that is Wasior and Wamena in Papua, which are now in the process of submitting to the court,” he said.

He claims the government is looking for the best solution to resolve a number of other human rights cases and is expected to be completed
before President Jokowi’s term is completed by 2019. “The government is looking for a comprehensive format of human rights resolution,” he
said.

While in some official responses at UN forums, such as Human Rights Council Meeting, Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and General Assembly
of the United Nations few weeks before, the Indonesian government has consistently explained various claims of infrastructure development
outcomes in Papua under Jokowi’s government as responses to issues Human Rights of Papua.

It seems as a way to counter the issues of separatism or self-determination that began to get additional support in the UN forums, not only from the Pacific countries, but also some countries in the Caribbean and Africa.

Related to that, Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi told BBC (26/10) that government can not prevent countries in the South Pacific region from promoting human rights issues in Papua to the UN General Assembly. Because every UN member country gets the right to discuss any subject in the public forum.

“All countries are free to express their opinion, that is their right,” said Retno after describing the achievements of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the administration of President Joko Widodo in Jakarta.

However, she continued, Indonesian diplomats at the UN are encouraged to answer all the demands and insistence by other countries through the exposure of development progress that proclaimed by the government.

“Our right is to explain the development carried out in Papua, comprehensive developments etc, as we have explained,” said Retno.

Attention to human rights has lost

Previously, Amnesty International in their evaluation statement on the performance of Jokowi’s human rights sector concluded that Jokowi’s
political commitment in handling human rights violations cases has disappeared.

“Jokowi’s commitment and will have been lost while the time is ticking,” said Usman Hamid, Director of Amnesty International
Indonesia, quoted by Tempo.co (10/10) during a press conference at his office in Menteng, Central Jakarta.

According to human rights activists and former Kontras Coordinator, one of the causes of the stagnancy of human rights cases settlement is that the judicial system eliminates punishment of military personnel involved in human rights violations.

In fact, he continued, many rules of law that can be used as a basis for the government to resolve the issue of human rights. “But there is
an unfairness of Jokowi in using the constitution,” he said.

So it is not surprising that many cases of human rights violations ended in documents and notes. Some of the cases are related to freedom of expression and religion, to cases of violence.(tabloidjubi.com/Zely)

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Economy

Freeport’s one percent fund cannot guarantee Kamoro’s future

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Mathea Mamayou, a native Kamoro woman whose tribe affected tailings produced by PT Freeport Indonesia. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – The Secretary for the Government, Politics, Law and Human Rights Commission of the Papua House of Representatives Mathea Mamoyao, who is also a Kamoro native, said ‘one percent fund’, 1% of Freeport’s gross revenues go to the local tribes, does not guarantee the sustainable future of those tribes.

“I don’t know whether this compensation is still there or not. I don’t want certain people took advantages on it, while people are still living under the poverty,” she told Jubi on Wednesday (18/7/2018).

Further, she said what she wants is a guarantee for the Kamoro tribe to live in a better condition in the future. But the fact is the education and health services in the Kamoro region is still poor. “For all the times, I’ll keep talking about it, because as a native, I don’t want the young generation of my tribe not to survive in the future,” she said.

Meanwhile, the board of Meepago Customary Council John NR Gobai said indigenous peoples as the tenure landowners collect the promise of the Indonesian Government on the bargain involved Freeport, the Central Government and the landowners on 4 September 2017.

“At that time, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Ignatius Jonan agreed to accommodate the request of Amungme tribe asking Freeport to give a reimbursement of 1% fund which they received as the Corporate Social Responsibly funds into larger value shares,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Military could only arise trauma among locals

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Student activists from BEM Uncen and PMKRI speak during press releases. -Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of Student Executive Board of the Cenderawasih University (BEM UNCEN) Paskalis Boma asks Papua Police to withdraw officers from Nduga District to prevent people from trauma.

He said the attack by the police officers occurred in Langguru and Kenyam on 11 July 2018 was very violent. “Nduga is part of Indonesia. If the police want to attack the National Liberation Army and Free Papua Movement (TPN/OPM), they shouldn’t harm the civilians,” he told Jubi on Wednesday (19/7/2018).

Further, he said the military’s attack in Nduga District was excessive as they attacked unarmed people whereas they were well-equipped. “People don’t carry weapons; they can’t fight back. They can’t do it because they are the citizens of Indonesia. This incident remains a scar and is rooted in the hearth of the local Nduga community. It only arises a fear.”

Meanwhile, Benediktus Bame, the Chairman of the Catholic Students Association of Indonesia (PMKRI) St Efrem Jayapura, the government could apply some human approaches towards the TPN/OPM. “The action taken by the government officials was very excessive. It would only arise a fear among the local people,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papuan Liberation Movement wants dialogue

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Members of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua at a Melanesian Spearhead Group summit in 2013: Paula Makabori, Dr John Ondawame, Rex Rumakiek. – RNZ / Johnny Blades

The United Liberation Movement for West Papua supports the idea of dialogue with Indonesia as long as it is mediated internationally, the movement’s secretary says.

Indonesia’s government of Joko Widodo has recently made overtures to West Papuan customary and civil society leaders for dialogue over a range of issues in Papua region.

Secretary Rex Rumakiek said the push for dialogue was not a bad thing.

“But dialogue internationally, not Indonesian type of dialogue that resulted in 1969’s Act of Free Choice. That’s the type of dialogue Indonesia wants. We are not going to go back to that approach,” Mr Rumakiek said.

“We want an international dialogue and the best place to dialogue is the United Nations general assembly. Let us vote on the issue.”

The movement hoped to have questions over the legitimacy of the self-determination act under which West Papua was incorporated into Indonesia debated by the UN General Assembly in the next year or two, Mr Rumakiek said.

Since being admitted to the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in 2015 with observer status in the regional grouping, the movement has had more opportunities to engage with Indonesia, which enjoys associate member status in the MSG.

The dynamic between the two parties, however, is clearly strained, as Indonesia’s government has characterised the movement as a separatist group that does not represent Papuans.

The full MSG members – Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and New Caledonia’s Kanaks – have been working to facilitate dialogue between the movement and Indonesia

“We can talk direct to them with the MSG members as witnesses. That is what we call a third party” Mr Rumakiek explained.

“We cannot talk direct to Indonesia by ourselves, but with the MSG facilitating. We try to avoid other people speaking on our behalf. The MSG is trying to arrange for meetings (between the West Papuans and Indonesia’s government).”

Meanwhile, the Australia-based Mr Rumakiek said the movement was disturbed by the reports from Papua’s remote Nduga regency that Indonesian security forces and the West Papua National Liberation Army had exchanged gunfire in recent weeks.

Three people were killed in an attack on police at the local airport two weeks ago during regional elections. A faction of the Liberation Army – which is not directly linked to the United Liberation Movement for West Papua – claimed responsibility.

Following the attack, about a thousand extra police and military personnel deployed to Nduga as part of a joint operation.

They have been conducting an aerial campaign over the Alguru area in pursuit of the Liberation Army, with unconfirmed reports saying at least two Papuans have been shot dead and others injured in recent days.

The Indonesian aerial operations over Alguru echoed previous military operations in the area, which devastated the livelihoods of Papuan villagers, Mr Rumakiek said.

“They are applying the same strategy that they bomb villages and chasing the people who live in the bush, so the after effects are much more serious than the actual destruction itself,” he said.

“Those people, when they come back to their village there will be nothing left for them to return to because the schools and clinics are destroyed and the churches are destroyed.”

But in a statement, Indonesia’s military said reports that security forces were conducting airstrikes or dropping bombs in Nduga were a hoax.

Military forces were working with police in “law enforcement activities” in Alguru, it said. (*)

 

Source: radionz.co

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