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Environment

Forest Fires not Regional Disaster

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Forest fires in Sumatra - Suplied

Forest fires in Sumatra – Suplied

Jayapura, Jubi – The forest fires that have occurred in Papua and other Indonesian regions are not a regional-level disaster because it happened due to the human negligence, the Executive Director of Yayasan Pusaka, Y.L. Franky, said.

“What’s called as regional disaster is a situation caused by nature, but in this case it was deliberately burned,” he said.

“There is an intentional factor and human’s negligence. Thus, it is not appropriate to call it as regional disaster,” he said on Wednesday (21/10/2015).

Based on the satellite data by the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (Lapan) on 5 September 2015, there are 200 fire spots in Merauke Regency and surrounding areas, particularly in Naukenjerai, Semangga, Kurik, Ilwayab, Tamboji sub-districts in Merauke Regency.
“Gazing at the fire spots, those fires might be involved both old and new companies as the culprits. The companies’ negligence; that is our question. Today the fire spots are founded either in the oil palm plantations or the forest concessions. According to the regulation opening the forest by burning is prohibited,” he said. But the worst haze disaster was happened in the second week of October 2015, which led to flight delays in Timika and Ambon.

Franky asked the corporates and the State to be responsible.
“People are aggrieved as well as the environment, while the corporates got profit. The cost of land opening is lower but damaging and endangering the human’s life. A disaster leads to a pleasure and benefit for the corporates only,” he said.

According to him, the burning as an alternative to sterilize the soil in oil palm plantation and forest concession is a modus that had happened long time ago in other regions, such as Sumatera and Kalimantan, although it has been prohibited. Therefore, it’s a duty of the Central Government to resolve the fires that were occurred recently.
“The Government should take appropriate measures to prevent the fires and ask the corporates to be responsible,” he added.

He asks the Government to not declare the case of fires as regional disaster but penalize the relevant corporates according to the Law.
“This current case of fires is a crime against humanity. In other region, it has taken the casualties. And it has happened many times, again and again,” he said.

Meanwhile, the member of Commission I of the Papua Representative Council, Laurenzus Kadepa, said the land fire is not appropriated to be called as disaster; there might be an intentional factor.
“In my opinion, the government should call it as national disaster, or it was happened because of dry season. It’s not appropriate. It demonstrates the government’s inability to resolve the problem. The government should find who’s the architect and what’s his motive. It could be done on purpose because the land fires are almost occurred in some Papuan areas,” Kadepa told Jubi by phone on Wednesday afternoon (21/10/21015).

Further he said, these incidents might have connection with the political interest, given the regional heads election would be held simultaneously in eleven regencies in Papua on 9 December 2015. “There’s a possibility about the political interest involved the investors and candidates related to the oil palm project. My advice is leave that interest, safe the Papuan forest for our children,” he said.

Antara News Agency earlier reported the Cenderawasih XVII Military Regional Commander Major General Hinsa Siburian said until now there’s no report said that the major cause of forest fire in the southern Papua was because of land clearing for plantation. “The cause of fire is more related to the natural and human factors that worsen the condition because people prefer to open the farming land by burning,” said Siburian in Merauke on Tuesday (20/10/2015). (Angela/Arjuna/rom)

Environment

Fish aggregating devices damages Papua’s marine ecosystem

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Illustration of a beach in Papua. – Jubi/Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – John Gobay, a member of Papua House of Representatives from Meepago customary area, said fish aggregating devices (FADs) are possibly damaging the marine ecosystem in Papua.

These FADs neglect the local wisdom of indigenous Papua,” Gobai told Jubi on Monday (4/6/2018). Therefore, he proposes regulation and agreement on the prohibition of FADs in the Papua’s coastal areas.

“Moreover, the tools used by non-Papuan fishermen who give a monthly payment to someone rather than paying a contribution to indigenous tribes as well as to the customary landowner,” he explained.

It often raises a conflict between the local and migrant fishermen, like what happened in Pomako, Mimika, on 1 August 2017. “Consequently, indigenous fishermen often exclude from the fishing spaces that are already occupied by non-Papuan fishermen,” he said.

A Papua fisherman Musye Weror appreciates Gobai’s idea to seek an establishment of the regulation for native fishermen. “We’ve been having a lot of drawbacks over the years because we still use the traditional fishing tools,” said Weror. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Economy

Papua House of Representatives will promote Ambaidiru coffee

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Secretary of the Papua House of Representatives, Juliana J Waromi (standing) with several members of the House of Representatives during a meeting with the community, coffee farmers, and officials of Ambaidiru – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – The Secretary of the Papua House of Representatives Juliana J Waromi said the house is ready to help the community of Ambaidiru Village, Kosiwo Sub-district, Yapen Islands District to promote their coffee.

She said she and several legislators visited the 60 hectares Ambaidiru coffee plantation area a few days ago in response to the aspiration of the local community. “I want to see it directly. If it’s good, I will help them to find a market. Based on my experience working with the Investment Coordination Board Papua for three years, I could promote the coffee to abroad,” said Waromi on (5/6/2018).

A coffee farmer Yulianus Maniamboy recently told Jubi that the coffee plantation in Ambaidiru firstly introduced in the Dutch era. The Dutch tried to plant it and worked. Ambaidiru coffee is now over 50 years old.

“Instead of in groups, we manage our commodity individually. Farmers dry their coffee by their own. There is no control, not centralised and consequently, the quality of coffee is still very varied. However, in the past years, we could produce a ton of coffee per month. That’s because there was no disruption and the management of the cooperative was good,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Environment

Nine fish species found in Fakfak coastal areas

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Nine fish species found in the coastal areas of Berau Bay dan Nusalasi-Van Den Bosch Bay, Fakfak District. – Jubi/Doc CI Indonesia, Fakfak

Manokwari, Jubi – The Conservation International (CI) Indonesia in Fakfak has identified nine species of coral fish as new species because it has not scientifically included in Pisces taxonomy.

The Program Manager of CI Indonesia for Fakfak Nur Ismu Hidayat said this finding made during the survey on the potential of coastal areas in Fakfak in two-week diving at the Berau Bay, Kokas sub-district and Nusalasi-Van Den Bosch Bay, Karas sub-district.

“From two weeks of diving at the northern Fakfak (the coastal area of Berau Bay), we can identify six new species. Then three species were identified in the western Fakfak, namely the coastal areas of Nusalasi-Van Den Bosch Bay located at Karas sub-district,” Hidayat told Jubi on Friday (1/6/2018) in Manokwari. Further, he said the habitats of the nine fish are quite varied, from the depth of 1-2 metres with average wave condition, muddy sediment to the coral area.

“One of the newfound fish, 6-centimetre black fish with the light-coloured mouth like wearing lipstick, is classified in Pomacentrus Family based on its morphology. This species cannot find in other places. Based on this fact, the researchers strongly assume the species is the endemic fish of Fakfak coastal sea,” said Hidayat. Moreover, he said the nine new fish species are not possible to consume because of their size, but they potentially become decorative fish that people can enjoy their beauty in their natural habitats, so, it’s potential for ecotourism development.

Furthermore, he said the coral and marine biota in Fakfak are extraordinary. Fakfak coastal area is also a safe habitat for rare fish species that rarely found in other sea areas.  “For instance, the gong-liked black parrot fish (large coral fish species which a bulge front head looked like a gong), known as Chlorurus Oedema, was successfully captured during the survey in the estuary of the Nusalasi-Van Den Bosch Bay,” added Hidayat.

Meanwhile, a lecturer from Universitas Papua (Unipa) Manokwari Keylopas Krey said the potential of local species in West Papua Province is quite high, but it has not well documented. For the new finding, the researcher certainly will take a systematic and scientific procedure. “In the process to identify the taxonomy, morphology and genetic analysis would be applied to confirm and validate whether these nine species are new species that evolve or have a relationship with other species in that area,” said Krey.

The finding of these alleged new fish species is a good prospect for science. Therefore the reserve management of this area couldn’t be separated from science. It means science will be applied to improve the application system and national and international records about regional potencies.

“Unipa will not only continue to encourage the smart steps of many parties in protecting the environment in the entire of the land of Papua as the centre of biodiversity; but also keep to push all the parties for taking positive steps toward the sustainable development management,” he said.

Moreover, he added,” there are high conservation values that need to maintain. Therefore, the development in Papua, especially in West Papua Province, can always prioritise the values that respect to the future of local wisdom for our future generation.” (*)

 

Reporter: Hans Kapisa

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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