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Jakarta’s Human Rights Investigation Team Accused of Political Interests

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Solidarity of Papuan Women Human Rights Defenders, L to R : Frederika Korain, Pdt. Anike Mirino, Bernadetha Mahuse, Mientje Uduas, Zandra Mambrasar, Iche Murib, Fransiska Pinimet – Jubi/Yuliana Lantipo

Solidarity of Papuan Women Human Rights Defenders, L to R : Frederika Korain, Pdt. Anike Mirino, Bernadetha Mahuse, Mientje Uduas, Zandra Mambrasar, Iche Murib, Fransiska Pinimet – Jubi/Yuliana Lantipo

Jayapura, Jubi – A team that formed by the Government and involved three indigenous Papuans to investigate human rights abuses is not representing the Papuan people’s voices and aspirations, human rights activists said.

Its formation was also seen deviated for the proper mechanism and full of political interests, said Zandra Mambrasar from the Institute for Human Rights Study and Advocacy (Elsham) Papua together with the Solidarity of Papuan Women Human Rights Defenders in the press conference held on last week.

She said this country already had the National Human Rights Commission, which its task is to resolve the human rights issues in Indonesia, including in Papua and Papua Barat provinces. Therefore, resolutions to all human rights issues must go through this institution.

“If the Government wanted to resolve the problem, it should be done through proper mechanism. Therefore, the National Human Rights Commission should take this responsibility instead of the new team launched by the Ministry of Political, Legal and Security Affairs. It’s very political. The process was supposedly done through the National Human Rights Commission, and then followed by the investigation by Prosecutor Office before taking to the Court. That’s the mechanism,” said Mambrasar.

In April 2016, the Government through the Minister of Political, Legal and Security Affairs promised to resolve eleven cases of alleged human rights violations in Papua by involving the Indonesian Police Headquarters, Military, State Intelligent Agency, Papua Police, National Human Rights Commission, the Attorney General, Papua Law Customary Community, human rights activists and observers of Papuan issues.

Of eleven cases, Papua Police and Cenderawasih XVII Regional Military Command were authorized to solve four cases of alleged human rights violations. According to Papua Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw, as cited from BBC Indonesia, said the four cases are the disappearance of former They’s driver Aristoteles Masoka (10 November 2001), the death of activist Opinus Tabuni (8 August 2008), the arrest against Yawan Wayeni (August 2009) and the Third Congress of Papuan People (19 October 2011).

Meanwhile the human rights commissionaire Imdadun Rahmat said the commission was authorized to resolve several cases of violence occurred in Papua that categorized as severe human rights violations, namely Wasior case (2001), Wamena case (2003), Paniai case (Desember 2014) and one that is still on propose, Biak case (July 1998). Deadline for the investigation team by the Government is until October 2016.

Controversy over Three Papuans in Human Rights Team

The working team that has four months to resolve alleged human rights violations in Papua has raised protest from other human rights activists in Papua. Besides questioning their work mechanism, the presence of three Papuans in the team took people’s attention.

Papuan human right activist Frederika Korain who also a lawyer, said in this meeting that the team launched by the Ministry of Political, Legal and Human Rights activists by involving three Papuans was only a game and not indicate the good intention of Government to resolve many problems in Papua.

“It seems the message is there are Papuans who get a place of honor in this country, while it is merely a game created by the Government to cover the real situation occurred in Papua. Moreover those people named themselves as activists. We must be strict on this. Those people who included in the team have no capacity, not competent in term of resolving the problem,” asserted Korain.

She’s also pessimistic the team could resolve the cases.

“How could the country that conducted violations want to solve its own violations? For the country, it is not possible.”

Human rights activist Bernadetha Mahuse who’s also a teacher said no more trust to the Government to uphold the justice over the alleged human rights cases in Papua, including to the new launched team.

She said in order to save the next generation of indigenous Papuans, she and other Papuan women human rights activists urged the fact-finding team from the Pacific Island Forum with the Indonesian Government to come to Papua immediately.

“We urge the fact-finding team from PIF to immediately come doing their investigation in Papua to endorse the humanity values,” she firmly said.

“We are the women who bring the life and it is our duty to maintain the life; well maintain it and keep it to be sustained for the life of our children in this land,” she said.

According to Mahuse who works over 15 years as human rights activist, “our womb, our land of Papua has been damaged, has been torn by the interest of the Government with its policies and investments on the land. Number of investors came for the companies’ profits, not for the people’s sake. And it has been occurred for years without any resolution. “Our trust is decreased every single day,” she said. (Yuliana Lantipo/rom)

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Freeport’s one percent fund cannot guarantee Kamoro’s future

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Mathea Mamayou, a native Kamoro woman whose tribe affected tailings produced by PT Freeport Indonesia. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – The Secretary for the Government, Politics, Law and Human Rights Commission of the Papua House of Representatives Mathea Mamoyao, who is also a Kamoro native, said ‘one percent fund’, 1% of Freeport’s gross revenues go to the local tribes, does not guarantee the sustainable future of those tribes.

“I don’t know whether this compensation is still there or not. I don’t want certain people took advantages on it, while people are still living under the poverty,” she told Jubi on Wednesday (18/7/2018).

Further, she said what she wants is a guarantee for the Kamoro tribe to live in a better condition in the future. But the fact is the education and health services in the Kamoro region is still poor. “For all the times, I’ll keep talking about it, because as a native, I don’t want the young generation of my tribe not to survive in the future,” she said.

Meanwhile, the board of Meepago Customary Council John NR Gobai said indigenous peoples as the tenure landowners collect the promise of the Indonesian Government on the bargain involved Freeport, the Central Government and the landowners on 4 September 2017.

“At that time, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Ignatius Jonan agreed to accommodate the request of Amungme tribe asking Freeport to give a reimbursement of 1% fund which they received as the Corporate Social Responsibly funds into larger value shares,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Military could only arise trauma among locals

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Student activists from BEM Uncen and PMKRI speak during press releases. -Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of Student Executive Board of the Cenderawasih University (BEM UNCEN) Paskalis Boma asks Papua Police to withdraw officers from Nduga District to prevent people from trauma.

He said the attack by the police officers occurred in Langguru and Kenyam on 11 July 2018 was very violent. “Nduga is part of Indonesia. If the police want to attack the National Liberation Army and Free Papua Movement (TPN/OPM), they shouldn’t harm the civilians,” he told Jubi on Wednesday (19/7/2018).

Further, he said the military’s attack in Nduga District was excessive as they attacked unarmed people whereas they were well-equipped. “People don’t carry weapons; they can’t fight back. They can’t do it because they are the citizens of Indonesia. This incident remains a scar and is rooted in the hearth of the local Nduga community. It only arises a fear.”

Meanwhile, Benediktus Bame, the Chairman of the Catholic Students Association of Indonesia (PMKRI) St Efrem Jayapura, the government could apply some human approaches towards the TPN/OPM. “The action taken by the government officials was very excessive. It would only arise a fear among the local people,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papuan Liberation Movement wants dialogue

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Members of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua at a Melanesian Spearhead Group summit in 2013: Paula Makabori, Dr John Ondawame, Rex Rumakiek. – RNZ / Johnny Blades

The United Liberation Movement for West Papua supports the idea of dialogue with Indonesia as long as it is mediated internationally, the movement’s secretary says.

Indonesia’s government of Joko Widodo has recently made overtures to West Papuan customary and civil society leaders for dialogue over a range of issues in Papua region.

Secretary Rex Rumakiek said the push for dialogue was not a bad thing.

“But dialogue internationally, not Indonesian type of dialogue that resulted in 1969’s Act of Free Choice. That’s the type of dialogue Indonesia wants. We are not going to go back to that approach,” Mr Rumakiek said.

“We want an international dialogue and the best place to dialogue is the United Nations general assembly. Let us vote on the issue.”

The movement hoped to have questions over the legitimacy of the self-determination act under which West Papua was incorporated into Indonesia debated by the UN General Assembly in the next year or two, Mr Rumakiek said.

Since being admitted to the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in 2015 with observer status in the regional grouping, the movement has had more opportunities to engage with Indonesia, which enjoys associate member status in the MSG.

The dynamic between the two parties, however, is clearly strained, as Indonesia’s government has characterised the movement as a separatist group that does not represent Papuans.

The full MSG members – Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and New Caledonia’s Kanaks – have been working to facilitate dialogue between the movement and Indonesia

“We can talk direct to them with the MSG members as witnesses. That is what we call a third party” Mr Rumakiek explained.

“We cannot talk direct to Indonesia by ourselves, but with the MSG facilitating. We try to avoid other people speaking on our behalf. The MSG is trying to arrange for meetings (between the West Papuans and Indonesia’s government).”

Meanwhile, the Australia-based Mr Rumakiek said the movement was disturbed by the reports from Papua’s remote Nduga regency that Indonesian security forces and the West Papua National Liberation Army had exchanged gunfire in recent weeks.

Three people were killed in an attack on police at the local airport two weeks ago during regional elections. A faction of the Liberation Army – which is not directly linked to the United Liberation Movement for West Papua – claimed responsibility.

Following the attack, about a thousand extra police and military personnel deployed to Nduga as part of a joint operation.

They have been conducting an aerial campaign over the Alguru area in pursuit of the Liberation Army, with unconfirmed reports saying at least two Papuans have been shot dead and others injured in recent days.

The Indonesian aerial operations over Alguru echoed previous military operations in the area, which devastated the livelihoods of Papuan villagers, Mr Rumakiek said.

“They are applying the same strategy that they bomb villages and chasing the people who live in the bush, so the after effects are much more serious than the actual destruction itself,” he said.

“Those people, when they come back to their village there will be nothing left for them to return to because the schools and clinics are destroyed and the churches are destroyed.”

But in a statement, Indonesia’s military said reports that security forces were conducting airstrikes or dropping bombs in Nduga were a hoax.

Military forces were working with police in “law enforcement activities” in Alguru, it said. (*)

 

Source: radionz.co

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