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Politics, Government & Security

Jokowi asked to open representative office in Papua

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The discussion themed Central and Regional Governments Synergy in Governance of Papua at Faculty of Social and Political Sciences UGM on Friday (10/2/2017) – ugm.ac.id

Jayapura, Jubi/ugm.ac.id – President Joko Widodo is expected to open a representative office of the government in Papua to support the acceleration of development in the province. This emerged in a discussion themed Central and Regional Governments Synergy in Governance of Papua at Faculty of Social and Political Sciences UGM on Friday (10/2). Attending the discussion was Deputy Head of Presidential Staff, Jaleswari Pramodhawardani. It was led by Dr. Bambang Purwoko, MA.

“The Government should open a special representative office in Papua because we see the synergy between the central and regional governments is weak,” said UGM Graduate School student, Tri Sulistyanto. Tri also suggested the central government to appoint a figure from Papua to be the Indonesian representative at international forums in order that he can explain accurate information regarding the development of Papua so that it is not “being tempted by other countries to separate itself from the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.”

Support to the ideas for a representative office came from Karpus Belau, 22, Papuan student studing at UST Yogyakarta. He said the slow development in Papua was due to security, limited HR, weak bureaucracy, and unsettled past human right abuses. “I think the establishment of a representative office in Papua can observe human right abuse and government policy that does not take side with the local people,” he said.

Jaleswari Pramodhawardani said President Joko Widodo has always been committed to conducting development through fair economy for Papua by way of infrastructure construction, improved services in health and education, and settlement of human right abuse. But, said Jaleswari, the government also deals with weak coordination from the region and between institutions. “Our job is to secure the President’s policy so that the program for Papua is really implemented by the related ministries,” she said.

Jaleswari described the Human Development Index in Papua year 2015 increased to 57.25 from 56.57 in 2014. In education area, as many as 325,617 students have received the Smart Indonesia program while 60 percent or 2.836 million Papuans have received the Healthy Indonesia. “In terms of human right, there have been clemencies given to five political prisoners,” she said. On infrastructure, the government has built as long as 4,480 km of new roads and increased markets to 25 from only 3. Vendors also increased from 23 thousands in 2015 to 39 thousands in 2016. (*)

Headlines

KNPB supports Kanaky for self-determination

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KNPB and Gempar Papua activists at the Secretariat of Central KNPB. – Jubi / Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – Central West Papua National Committee (KNPB) held a limited discussion to support FKLNS (Organization of the Liberation Struggle of the Kanaky Tribe in New Caledonia) which has been well received by the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) to conduct a referendum in November 2018.

The First Chairman of Central KNPB Agus Kosay said it’s time for Kanaky to get self-determination from French colonialism.

“Kanaky must declare their self-determination. If Kanaky gets their independence, it would be able to give their support to West Papua because we share the same situation, which lives under the colonialism,” he said on Wednesday (08/12/2018) in Jayapura.

Meanwhile a member of Gempar (Papuan Youth and Student Movement) Nelius Wenda said as a nation oppressed by Indonesia, West Papua fully supports the referendum agenda of New Caledonia.

“Kanaky must determine their destiny. It must be far better than being under the French colonialism. In the future we Papuans are just like Kanaky,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Headlines

In Papuan human rights context, Jokowi considered no different from Prabowo

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Papuan students and youth are arrested by the police on Tuesday (4/9/2018) in a rally to support Vanuatu to bring up the issue of West Papua in the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF). – Jubi / Doc.

Jayapura, Jubi – The current president of Indonesia Joko Widodo is considered to be no different from Prabowo in Human Rights violations in Papua.

If Prabowo recognised as a perpetrator of human rights violations in Papua, Widodo considered allowing violent conflicts and human rights violations in Papua to continue. Now both will compete in the Indonesian presidential election 2019.

“For us from Mimika District, Jokowi is no different from Prabowo. Why? If Prabowo is a perpetrator of human rights violation in Papua, the current president Jokowi knows about these violations but let it happened repeatedly,” said Odizeus Beanal, the Director of Amungme Tribal Society (Lemasa) told Jubi on Tuesday (11/9/2018) while mentioning some cases of human rights violations occurred in Paniai, Timika, Ndugama and other regions.

Today the allegations of human rights violations in Papua still continue. Some violent incidents against civilians that resulted in casualties and arrests of random people still occur under the current administration.

The Amnesty International Indonesia has recorded 38 cases of extrajudicial killings from 2014 to mid-2018 that confirmed 51 victims. This report launched in mid-July 2018.

Government efforts and victims rejection

The Indonesian government through the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security has formed an integrated team whose task to collect data and information, make analyses and report to the president. The team who consist of 39 members from Papua and Jakarta established in May 2018 as an integrated team to resolve cases of alleged human right violations in Papua. However, it obtained rejection from many Papuans to consider them as not neutral.

“It is impossible to accept those who suspected as perpetrators to become referees. Furthermore, we know this team facilitated by the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security who has a military background. From the beginning, the Police has supported this team. So how could we believe them?” said Peneas Lokbere, the Coordinator of United for Truth (BUK).

According to Lokbere, who continuously are accompanying victims of Papuan human rights violations, the team only maintained the strategy of former minister Wiranto who at that time suggested that the alleged human rights violations in Papua resolved through the customary law.

Moreover, he said until now there are hundreds of victims of human rights violations in Papua who still fight for justice. For instance, the family of victims of the Bloody Paniai incident of December 8th, 2014. The number of victims might be up to thousands because these alleged human rights violations have occurred since Indonesia annexed Papua in the 60s.

“Jokowi once expressed in front of five thousand more Papuans at Mandala Stadium in Jayapura that he would immediately resolve the Bloody Paniai case. But it was only a promise, “said Tinus Pigai, a relative of Apinus Gobai who was the victim of the incident at Karel Gobai Square, Paniai.

According to him, Jokowi’s visits to Papua were in vain, because he had not been able to fulfil his promise to resolve the Bloody Paniai case. (*)

 

Reporter: Victor Mambor

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Economy

Migration is a factor of increasing poverty in Papua

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Indigenous Papuans. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Septer Manufandu, the former Executive Secretary of Non-Governmental Organization Working Forum of Papua (FOKER LSM Papua), stated stakeholders in Papua need to the right solution to strict the flow of migration into Papua.

So far, he said that Papua is an open region and anyone is free to come to Papua without strict control. Therefore he urges the authority to establish a proper mechanism to control the migration, but respect everyone’s right at the same time.

“In the Special Regulation about Population, it does not prohibit people outside of Papua to enter Papua, but rather to control it. So migrants must have a clear purpose coming to Papua,” Manufandu told Jubi on Friday (9/9/2018).

Meanwhile, a Papua Parliament Member Mustakim said a factor that causes the increase in the percentage of poverty in Papua is the rapid influx of migrants.

“No matter how hard the government tried to reduce the poverty rate in Papua, it becomes difficult to work as people from the outside continue to come,” said Mustakim.

Furthermore, he said a proper solution to regulate the influx of population in Papua is the government should stipulate the provincial regulation (Perdasi) or special regional regulation (Perdasus) on migration. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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