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Katile and katilol: the traditional conservation of Fafanlap community

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Fafanlaf village, Misool Island, Raja Ampat District, Papua Barat Province. -Jubi/Doc.

Many prohibitions for some people in Papua are actually to protect their natural resources from any threats.

These bans can have various names, such as Samson for Matbat ethnic of Misool Island, or sasisen for Biak people, or rajaha for Maya people of Salawati Island, and Tepera people of Tablanusu village call it tiaitiki. Even though they have many different names, it contains the same meaning and purpose that is not to let people utilizing the natural resources within a certain time. This is to provide opportunities for certain flora and fauna to renew and duplicate as well as to maintain and multiply the population of their surrounding natural resources.

Fafanlap Village, which is located in Misool Island, Raja Ampat, recognizes a prohibition law or katilol in their local language. Katilol is closely related to the prohibitions applied in the sea and the land. Further, the application of this rule cannot be separated from the role of the customary leaders of kings who have authority in Misool Island, especially Fafanlap Village.

Katilol, according to customary leaders –as quoted by Jubi from Sasi Katilol Masyarakat Kampung Fafanlap Distrik Misool Selatan by Windy Hapsari et.al, Papua Cultural Value Preservation Office, the Education and Cultural Ministry—told firstly, is regarded as people tradition. Secondly, it is regarded as customary law, and the third, it is regarded as an order or a prohibition from a leader or a king.

Especially for Matbal tribe, who are the majority of Fafanlap villagers, this law has been descended from their ancestors and present generation continues to defend it to preserve the environment. The prohibition is applied to both areas of sea and land. To separate it, they call it katilol and katile for the rules who apply in these areas respectively.

These prohibitions are usually determined on an arrangement, but interestingly, it can also be done unintentionally. The first is usually done based on necessity, for instance by considering the decrease of sea or plant harvesting. While the latter is done because of external factors such as climate or seasonal calendar applied by villagers.

If sawi or east wind season comes, there are usually big waves and windy. As a result, fishermen are fear to going fishing. They have to wait until the weather turns friendly, then they go to the sea. This season occurs for almost six months before altering with moropat or west wind season that also endures for the same period. However, the climate and season could be different in some villages. It depends on the geographical location of each area.

Katilol and katile are included in the seasonal calendar of Fafanlap villagers by considering the presence of natural phenomena, especially for katilol, which related to the prohibition in the sea. Sea phenomenon can be seen through low tide or in local language meti and tidal or mos.

There are several types of prohibition laws, including religious and customary laws. Religious prohibition law is usually applied to religious need. For example, people are prohibited to harvest coconut trees. It will be ended for religious event or construction of worship building. Meanwhile, customary law has been rarely to apply since 2001. However, each clan still applies it according to their customary areas.

Currently, the implementation of sea law has been decreased for several reasons. The first reason is the role of the customary government is decline. Another is a conflict between these leaders. However, the sea law prohibition is still applied in Fafanlap Village that led by a kapitlaKapitla is actually the abbreviation from kapitan laut or sea commander.

kapitla of Fafanlap village comes from Soltif clan. As a traditional leader, he is assisted by sgajimarin, and sawoMarin is a messenger who is responsible to deliver an order from kapitla. marin in Fafanlap village comes from Wainsaf clan. (*)

 

Reporter: Dominggus Mampioper

Editor: Pipit Maizier

Arts & Culture

Soedarmo: Papuan Coffee promoted in Boston and Paris

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The atmosphere of Papua Coffee Festival – Jubi / Alexander Loen

Jayapura, Jubi – Acting Papua Governor Soedarmo said Provincial Government is going to promote Papuan coffee to Boston and Paris shortly.

He revealed this agenda to reporters when opened the Papua Coffee Festival held in the parking of Bank Indonesia. Banks, local entrepreneurs and coffee farmers participated in this event.

“So, we are not only promoting Papuan coffee domestically but also abroad. Through our partner, we will participate in a coffee exhibition in Boston, whereas in September, I am going to send a team to participate in the exhibition held at the Eiffel Tower,” said Soedarmo on Friday (08/03/2018) in Jayapura.

According to him, the taste of Papuan coffee is not less delicious compared to coffee from other Indonesian regions or even other countries, because he has compared it with others. “I have met with the former Colombian Ambassador; then we compared Papuan coffee with Colombian coffee. But Papuan coffee is still better,” he said.

In the same place, Jayapura Mayor Benhur Tommy Mano claimed the municipal government is ready to support the provincial government in developing local commodities by promoting the local food in every event held by the municipal government.

“Indeed, we are not growing coffee here in Jayapura Municipality, but we are the biggest coffee connoisseurs,” Mano said. (*)

 

Reporter: Alexander Loen

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Arts & Culture

Bark craftsmen are ready to welcome PON 2020

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Art Shop owned by Mince Ohee in Sentani District Jayapura. – Jubi / Yance Wenda

Sentani, Jubi – Mince Ohee, 31 years old bark craftsman from Sentani, often sell her products in front of her house where located near to the entrance of Kalkhote pier in East Sentani sub-district of Jayapura District. Approaching the national sports event held in Jayapura in 2020, she admits ready to participate by producing more bark handicrafts.

“In the next National Sports Week (PON), I will participate selling these handicrafts. But I will only sell it at the art shop,” she told Jubi in her art shop on Wednesday (08/01/2010).

Meanwhile, another craftsman Elda Natasya said whether she’s ready or not in the national event, it depends on the supply of bark materials and the market demands.

“Now barks are a bit difficult to get. So, it depends on it. If we have enough materials, we are ready to serve as many as it’d requested.” (*)

 

Reporter: Yance Wenda

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Arts & Culture

BMA Supports the Arts and Culture Festival in Nabire

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Kaido or Pikon, one of the traditional musical instruments in Papua that will be present at the Cultural Festival. – Jubi / IST

Nabire, Jubi – Badan Musyawarah Adat (BMA/Customary Board) of Yerisiam Gua and Wate tribes support the Arts and Culture Festival on 6 – 7 August 2018 in Nabire.

The festival is a program of the Ministry of Underdeveloped Village and Transmigration that organised by the National Unity and Political Institution (Kesbangpol).

Daniel Yarawobi, the tribe chief of Yerisiam Gua, said he is very supportive and appreciate the government program that will promote the Papuan culture.

“This is a breakthrough, so we fully support this,” he told Jubi in Nabire on Wednesday (7/25/2018).

Meanwhile, the tribe chief of Wate Alex Raiki also gives his appreciation. “I appreciate this. I hope it would not stop here but will continue to strengthen the culture and prevent it from extinction,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Titus Ruban

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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