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Mac Arthur Monument site threatened by landslide

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Mac Arthur monument in Ifar Mountain, Sentani, Jayapura Regency – IST

Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan archaeologist, Hari Suroto believes that Mac Arthur Monument site located in Cycloop Nature Reserve area, Sentani Jayapura District, is threatened by landslide due to mining category C activity not far from the location.

“This mining activity takes place in a mountain or hill in Hawaii, precisely in front of Hotel Sentani Indah, Sentani District, Jayapura District,” said Hari Suroto, in Jayapura, Friday (August 18).

Mac Arthur’s monument, he said, was built by US soldiers as a sign that the Mount Ifar, had been the headquarters of the World War II allies under General Douglas Mac Arthur during the Pacific War.

“From this place General Mac Arthur carries out a frog jump strategy, planning attacks on Japan through Sarmi, Biak, Morotai, and the Philippines,” he said.

According to him, Mac Arthur monument is an archaeological site protected by Law No. 11 of 2010 on Cultural Heritage.

“Currently the Mac Arthur Monument site is managed by the Provincial Office of Culture of Papua and still in one Regional Regiment Kodam (Rindam) XVII / Cendrawasih, as a place to train new soldiers,” he said.

Related to C mining activity, all stakeholders must sit together in an effort to rescue Mac Arthur Monument site from landslide. “C excavation activities are taking place every day, if this is not stopped, of course Mount Ifar will be eroded.” The category c mining is sand and stone mining type.

“It is transported from Hawaii to hoard the extension of Sentani Airport runway and a number of other developments,” he said. (*)

 

Source: Antara

Editor: Zely Ariane

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Thought extinct for 90 years, rare tree kangaroo photographed in West Papua Province

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Long thought to be extinct, what is believed to be a Wondiwoi tree kangaroo has been spotted for the first time in 90 years in West Papua, Indonesia – Submitted by Michael Smith

In the summer of 2017, amateur botanist Michael Smith was searching the mountains of West Papua, Indonesia, for a rare type of rhododendron.

But he learned about something even more rare that might be found in the area — the Wondiwoi tree kangaroo.

Smith, from Farnham, U.K., embarked on another trip this summer to try to spot the elusive marsupial; believed by many to be extinct.

“I decided I’d come back for another look, another expedition the next year,” Smith said in an interview with As It Happens host Carol Off.

Smith, along with a guide and local hunter, spent 10 days high in the mountains trying to find it.

They almost gave up. But on their final day, the team finally got a rare glimpse of, and photographed, what is believed to be a Wondiwoi tree kangaroo — the first one seen in 90 years.

“[The local hunter] knew about tree kangaroos, but he’d never seen them before because no one’s actually been quite so high in the mountains,” said Smith, who studied biology in university and now works for a medical communications company.

“It was almost a kind of a legend, even to the local hunters.”

Before going public with his find, he reached out to experts on tree kangaroos, including Mark Eldridge, a marsupial biologist at the Australian Museum, according to National Geographic.

Eldridge believes Smith saw the real thing.

“Knowing [the animal] still exists provides a great opportunity to gather more information, since we know virtually nothing about it, as well as to ensure its survival,” Eldridge told the magazine.

Spotted, shot and killed

There have been no reported sightings of the Wondiwoi tree kangaroo since 1928, when the first Westerner to spot one, biologist Ernst Mayr, shot and killed it in the mountains of the Wondiwoi Peninsula of West Papua, the Indonesian state on the western half of the island of New Guinea.

He donated the remains to the Natural History Museum in London.

Some have described it as looking like a cross between a monkey and a bear. But Smith likens it more to “a bear you see in the toy shop.”

“It’s got a round, fat face with a bit of a short nose. Couple of short fluffy ears, reddish gold fur. Short stubby arms and legs,” he said.

“[They] have great claws to cling on to the trees… and a tail to kind of hook around the branches as it goes along.”

More work to confirm

The Global Wildlife Conservation lists the Wondiwoi tree kangaroo as one of its 25 most-wanted lost species.

Smith said not much is known about the animal because it isn’t easy to find.

The marsupial lives in a tiny, isolated forest in the mountains of West Papua, and not many people head out there. Smith said only he and a few others have managed to brave the conditions.

“It’s hard work. You got sweat beads in your eyes and leeches in your boots and you slip around and it rains all the time,” he said.

“That might have deterred people a little bit, I suppose. It’s no walk in the park.”

Despite the excitement of possibly spotting the first Wondiwoi tree kangaroo in 90 years, Smith said more work still needs to be done to confirm if the animal is what they think it is.

He hopes he can go on another expedition to help collect some tree kangaroo dung and take it away for DNA analysis.

Smith added that he wants to help keep pursuing research on the animal because he feels a special connection to it.

“It’s sort of my responsibility now. You know, I’ve accidentally been the first person to meet with this animal for 90 years,” he said.

“I suppose I’ve just got to try and make sure that the very few tree kangaroos are left to survive for another 90.”(*)

 

Source: CBC Radio

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Green economy development would be on five indigenous territories

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Papua map based on indigenous region – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The concept of green economy development in Papua will be based on the five customary territories to find out the potency of each region including mining, agriculture, plantations and livestock.

The Assistant for Economic Affairs and People’s Welfare of Papua Province Noak Kapisa told reporters in Jayapura on Tuesday (02/10/2018) that the green economy development concept is similar to the idea of sustainable development. It includes some aspects of economy, social and environment as well.

“For instance, the sago forests in the south namely in Merauke, Mappi, Asmat and in the North (Waropen, Mamberamo Raya, Mamberamo Tengah), and then in Jayapura. Everything would base on commodities and indigenous territories. Thus, this should apply a value chain process from upstream to downstream” he said.

Through the green economy development, he continued, the provincial government will map the potential commodities and their distribution in Papua.

“Not only sago, other commodities such as coffee, red fruit (pandanus sp.), sweet potatoes, and cocoa are also becoming the priorities in the green economy development,” he continued.

Furthermore, he said the provincial government is very appreciated to an offer to open a coffee plantation in Papua Province from the National Land Council by preparing a report collaborated with relevant ministries on the current potential commodities.

Meanwhile, the Assistant for General Affairs of Papua Province Elysa Auri added that Papua Provincial Government had compiled a master plan and road map of sustainable land based for the green economy development in order to accommodate the economic growth targets. (*)

Reporter: Alexander Loen

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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They stole Merbau timber before oil palm plantations investment (part 2)

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Confiscated Merbau timber auctioned by Papua Province Forestry Office – Dok. Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – Another impact of oil palm plantations has caused the river became shallow and polluted; trees and plants hardly grow anymore.

“Papuan people eat sago, tubers, or bananas, we do not eat palm oil,” said Mgr John Philip Saklil Pr as quoted by Antara news agency.

Bishop Saklil believes there are many examples of failure of oil palm plantations such as in Kalimantan and Keerom, Papua Province. It only caused local residents lost their land for sago and tubers to grow.

“The closest example is in Keerom. Is it now the Keerom locals have become rich with oil palms? So please do not force the Papuan people to turn their livelihood to plant things that are not customary,” Bishop Saklil said.

Researchers from University of Riau T. Ariful Amri explained the negative impacts of oil palm plantation activities especially on water. Oil palm is nutrients greed monoculture and absorbs at least 12 liters water into its tree trunk a day.

Read They stole Merbau timber before oil palm plantations investment (part 1)

The growth of oil palm is also depend and should be stimulated by various kinds of fertilizer substances like pesticides and other chemicals.

New migrant pests also appear very fierce because this new pest species will seek new habitat due to harsh competition with other fauna. This is due to the limited land and types of plants caused by monoculture cultivation.

Henderite Ohee, researcher and lecturer of FMIPA UNCEN in his article entitled Human Threats to Biodiversity in Papua said destruction of habitat becomes a real threat to sustainability of ecology and biodiversity in Papua. This is also caused by human activities.

According to Law No. 32 of 2009 Article 1, paragraph 17 on the management and protection of environment the damage is a direct and/or indirect change to the physical, chemical and/or biological nature of environment that exceeds the standard criteria of environmental damage.

Damage to ecosystems in Indonesia has occurred in various places and various types of ecosystems. Damage in agricultural or plantation ecosystems is one of them. Wildlife extinction has been direct impact on the management of oil palm plantations on forest land.

Palm oil ‘invasion’ to Papua and Merbau timber

Palm oil plantation companies entered Papua in 1980s, especially large state-owned plantations (BUMN-PTP2) which later changed their name into PTPPN II. This state-owned company began to reach Sorong, Manokwari and Jayapura, along with the transmigration program.

“From 1990s until now, private plantations began to flood the land of Papua like mushrooms grow in the rainy season. Because the potential lands for plantations in Sumatra and Kalimantan have been discharged by conglomerates nationwide and world class,” said Simon Rumaropen former employee of PTPN Palm Oil in Arso in a written statement received by Jubi.

Furthermore, Rumaropen said potential oil palm investors are targeting the land of Papua as a potential field to invest.

“They race to enter Papua since no land left in Sumatra and Kalimantan. They come to Papua with various background interests,” he said, quoting the word of God in Matthew’s gospel is the thief will come to steal, kill and destroy.

Rumaropen suspects that the reason behind many new companies eager to invest in oil palm sector in Papua is Merbau wood.

“If the company has obtained a location permit and a plantation business permit but has not been operating for more than three years, and the company has no plantations in other areas, it can be assumed that the company has become wood mafia, “he said in a written statement.

Responding to the statement of the Coalition for Palm Oil Victims in Papua related to oil palm industries profit potential, Rumaropen asserted that they are actually very profitable, both for large companies and local communities/farmers.

Rumaropen warned that the granting of permits to companies that come to Papua, with work program and pledge of promises, might be “work and land mafia”.

“The palm oil investors come to Papua with various aims, some will actually open large plantations and some are just passing through,” he said.

Meanwhile, Ais Rumbekwan, environmental activists and environmentalists from the Friends of the Earth Indonesia (Walhi) – Papua and West Papua said that on the ground the case of land grabbing for oil palm plantations without reasonable compensation to indigenous people become very common case.

Palm oil was imported to Indonesia by the Dutch East Indies government in 1848. Some of the seeds were planted in Bogor Botanical Gardens, while the remaining seeds were planted on the side of the road as ornamental plants in Deli, North Sumatra in the 1870s.(tabloidjubi.com)

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