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Native Papuans Face Challenges as They Mark World Indigenous People’s Day



Women and children in Yahukimo, West Papua - Jubi/Victor Mambor

Women and children in Yahukimo, West Papua – Jubi/Victor Mambor

Jayapura, Jubi – Land rights, self-determination and autonomy have become urgent issues for indigenous peoples in the world, including Indonesia, said the Chairman of Management Board Pusaka Foundation Elimianus Ola Kleden Monday (8/8/2016) in remarks to commemorate the 22nd World Indigenous People’s Day.

Kleden told Jubi that Papuan people meet the criteria of indigenous people according to international law.

“However, there are two main challenges, namely its status as an Indonesian province and internal consolidation, in particular in determining the political will,” said Kleden, who for decades has worked on the issues of indigenous people.

As a province in Indonesia, he said, Papua’s struggle should often ‘be adjusted’ to its status as a part Indonesia. “If not, they would get many accusations,” he said.

It has close relation with the second challenge, which the issue of Papua indigenous people is always confronting with the political issue, so the attempt to enforce the rights, which is actually the right of citizens, is potentially differentiating as the issue of separatism. “People are willing to demand their right in development, always have fear to be accused as the OPM,” he said.

Meanwhile, he added, the sentiment among tribes and regions in Papua remains strong, it has made the issue of indigenous people in a region is likely to be seen as very limited. But the Melanesian identity could be a bridge. “In my opinion, it has been tried through the Melanesian issue,” he said.

When asked related to the struggle of the indigenous people in the world today, he said the UN Declaration on the Indigenous People Rights (UNDRIP) 2007 that adopted by 144 countries as well as the COP (Conference of Parties) is the most significant progress. “I think UNDRIP is the most progressive. In addition, there are agreements in several meetings of the COP, related to the climate or biodiversity, have made the issue of people’s participation and indigenous people’s rights getting stronger,” he said.

In the separate place, the Secretary General of Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantata (AMAN/Alliance for Indigenous People in Indonesia) Abdon Nababan in the written statement to Jubi (8/8) said the rights for education, culture and spiritual are guaranteed by UN Declaration about the Indigenous People’s Rights.

According to him, the importance of education for recognition and protection of the indigenous people is currently voiced by indigenous people of the world in the commemoration of the World Indigenous People’s Day this year that always celebrated every 9 August.

For the reason, AMAN held a week of the Indonesian Indigenous People with the theme of ‘Education, Culture and Spirituality of the Indigenous People’.

This activity, he said, would be held by the Directorate of Faith and Tradition, Directorate General of Culture, Ministry of Education and Culture in collaboration with AMAN. Deputy II AMAN, Rukka Sombolinggi and the Director General of Culture of the Ministry of Education and Culture Hilmar Farid are scheduled to speak in the event.

“The joint celebration with the Ministry of Education and Culture is a major advancement for Indonesians, because this is for the first the ministry was involved. The theme chosen also indicates the state recognition towards the cultural spirituality of the indigenous people that was there long time before the Republic was founded,” he said. (*/rom)


WWF promotes customary map in Tambrauw





Training participant on a mapping of primary sites of indigenous peoples in Tambraw District by WWF Indonesia Program Papua – Jubi / doc WWF.


Tambrauw, Jubi – WWF Indonesia Papua Program is mapping the indigenous peoples’ landmark with 1: 50,000 scale to support the preparation of the Spacial Plan of Tambrauw District, West Papua Province.

The two-day training conducted on 17 – 18 May 2018 in Sausapor is also aimed to build a partnership with the local government and other institutions who have a similar concern in mapping.

WWF Indonesia Program Coordinator Wika A. Rumbiak said that the mapping of primary sites in Tambraw District is a series of the process of socio-cultural and spatial mappings which conducted to show representative of indigenous people’s space pattern.

“Hopefully, this participatory mapping can accommodate the rights of the community in spatial planning, which stated in Article 2 of Government Regulation (PP) No. 69 of 1996,” said Wika, Saturday (19/5/2018).

The training result, said Wika, is a common understanding about developing a rational and measurable planning method. That is by applying participatory mapping and the development of expertise and knowledge, in processing spatial data with GIS (Geospatial Information System).

The training involves some related regional government offices including the Village and Community Development Office (Dinas Pemberdayaan Masyarakat and Kampung), the Environment Office, Regional Development and Planning Board, and the Tambrauw Forestry Office.

“The involvement of regional government offices in this training is to prepare the participatory mapping facilitators and to improve their knowledge on Geospatial Information System (GIS) for inputting spatial data entries,” said Wika. (*)

Reporter: Hans Kapisa

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Arts & Culture

Papuan Voices promotes indigenous Papuans in film festival




Papuan Film Festival II Committee when holding a press conference at Jerat Papua office, Jayapura City. – Jubi / Abeth You

Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan Voices will promote indigenous Papuans through Papua Film Festival II (FFP II) which is running in Jayapura City on 7 – 9 August 2018.

Papuan Voices established in 2011 and now stations in six regions of Papua, namely Biak, Jayapura, Keerom, Wamena, Merauke, Sorong and Raja Ampat.

“The theme of FFP II is indigenous Papuans struggling facing modernization. We chose this theme to response the current situation occurred in Papua,  said Chairman of the Committee of FFP II Harun Rumbarar in Jayapura on Thursday (7/5/2018).

In this festival, Papuan Voices wants to increase public awareness on the critical issues faced by indigenous Papuans.

“Also, it acts as a forum to strengthen filmmakers networking in Papua. Our works further explain the position of indigenous peoples in facing the waves of development and investment,” he said.

Meanwhile, FFP II Secretary Bernard Koten said his organisation recently focus on producing a short documentary film about human and the land of Papua, which assign to all levels of community in Papua, Indonesia and abroad.

“To see Papua through the eyes of Papuans, in the form of a documentary film,” Koten said. (*)


Reporter: Abeth You

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Using intelligence for election




Book review “Intelijen and Pilkada” written by Stepi Anriani – Jubi / Arjuna


Jayapura, Jubi – It began from her curiosity about why her fellow activists who are considered smart, experienced and have broadened networks are reluctant to enter politics; Stepi Anriani wrote a book entitled ‘Intelijen dan Pilkada (Pendekatan Strategis Menghadapi Pemilu)’ – Intelligence and Election (Strategic Approaches to Election).

“The reason is simple, they do not have money, while for being elected as candidates of the legislatures, regents, mayors or governors need billions of rupiah,” she said in her book review conducted in Entrop, Jayapura City on Wednesday (16/5/ 2018).

The 225-page book discusses what the intelligence is and how one can use it to win regional and national elections without spending much money, because being aware or not, everyone has conducted intelligence activities in their everyday life to obtain accurate information to be verified and justified.

In the book, she categorises the intelligence into seven definitions, namely as information, knowledge, product, activity, process, organisation and profession. “The stronger a person’s intelligence is, the less money he spends.”

She also wrote how making the intelligence approach and winning an election without cheating. There are six main points can be applied: do not recruit wrong campaign team, strong character, strategy, counter-propaganda, gaining supporters and facing the opponent.

Attended the book review, Papua Police Chief Inspector General Boy Rafli Amar, Papua Military Commander Major General George Elnadus Supit and Chairman of Papua Election Commission Adam e Arisoi became keynote speakers, while students, academics, community leaders and journalists joined the event.

“Intelligence is not just a domain of state apparatus, but anyone who wants to succeed in any field must able to understand to use it, including in politics,” said Boy Rafli. According to him, the National Police and Military use the intelligence to map vulnerable areas, especially potential social conflict areas.

In the same place, Major General George Elnadus Supit said intelligence and politics are like two inseparable coins. It is impossible to take power without money, but it depends on how the person manages his ‘intelligence’.

Meanwhile, Arisoi rates the book as very interesting because it tells the connection between intelligence and regional election.

The author of the book, Stepi Anriani was a graduate from the Public Administration of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Padjadjaran. She pursued her master study on Intelligence Strategic Studies at the University of Indonesia. She worked as an expert in the Indonesian House of Representatives and resource person in several government agencies. Currently, she pursues her doctoral study on Policy at the University of Indonesia and teaches in several places. She dedicates her book to her companions (Indonesian citizens). (*)


Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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