Jayapura, Jubi – There have been various reactions to the recent release of Filep Karma, a Papuan hero who was jailed for over a decade in Abepura prison for treason. Papua police chief, Inspector General Paul Waterpauw, said he hoped Filep Karma came to his senses and stopped doing things that could harm himself.
Papuan Legislator Laurenzus Kadepa said Filep Karma’s ideology can not be restricted by anyone. Although he was imprisoned for more than 10 years, Karma never stop voicing the rights of indigenous Papuans from behind bars.
Kadepa questioned Paul Waterpauw’s comment.
“What does it mean when police chief asked Filep Karma to change his behavior and ideology? I think the ideology of Filep Karma can not be restricted by anyone and in any way, “said Kadepa to Jubi on Thursday (26/11/2015).
He said Filep Karma had been a victim of an unjust law. He was convicted because of having thoughts that are considered against the ideology of Pancasila.
“He was subsequently arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison. However the iron bars have not been able to limit the struggle of Filep Karma. He continued to speak out from behind bars,” he said.
He further said, what was done by Filep Karma may be considered against the country, but not by his people. He even got support and sympathy of the Papuan people and even internationally.
“So I think it is not easy to change one’s ideology. Because the mind is believed to be the truth. So, what’s wrong with him. During this time he was fighting for ideology, not with violence, but a peaceful way, “he said.
Filep Karma, Papuan political prisoner was arrested and detained since December 1, 2004 when he delivered political speeches and raised the Morning Star flag in the University of Cendrawasih. On May 26, 2005, the Jayapura District Court sentenced the 15 years in prison. He was then charged on criminal elements contained in article 106 and article 110 Criminal Code.
After serving his sentence, repeatedly states offer remission and pardon, but he always refused the offer. According to him, remission and pardon granted only to those who behave well and admitted his guilt.
“The reason given remission is for good behavior. Did I misbehave in the community? I am a good person. My belief on what is truth made me put into prison. Let me finish the sentence “said Filep Karma to Jubi a few months ago in Abepura Prison.
On November 19, 2015, Karma granted decade remission from the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights on the Minister of Law and Human Rights numbers: W.30-300-PK.01.01.02 2015 On Granting Remission Decades of 2015 To the Prisoners and Criminal Child Related with Article 34 paragraph (3) of Government Regulation No. 28 of 2006.
Although he refused it, but eventually he remained excluded from prisons. According to Karma, it is just a diversion from a small prison to a big prison.
Head of the division of corrections office of Kemenkumham Papua, Johan Yarangga said it is obliged to encourage Karma and every person who has been declared legally free live their freedom.
“We have no right to detain people without legal basis. Pak Filep Karma is free. There is no reason to arrest him, “said Johan Yarangga on the Day of liberation of Karma. (Arjuna Pademme/ Tina)
Police declare completion of Skrzypski’s trial documents
Jayapura, Jubi – Relevant documents of 30-year-old-Polish Jakup Febian Skrzypski (JFS) who arrested by a joint team from Papua Regional Police and Jayawijaya Regional Police at a hotel in Wamena City, Jayawijaya Regency, a few months ago due to an allegation associated with an insurgent group are already complete.
Public Relations Chief of Papua Police Senior Commissionaire A.M. Kamal said the prosecutor office confirmed the completion of these relevant documents. Therefore, the investigators from the Directorate of Crime of Papua Police will handover both the suspect and pieces of evidence to Wamena District Attorney for further process.
“Regarding this case, the investigators from the Directorate of Crime of Papua Police have questioned four witnesses,” said Kamal on Friday (10/19/2018).
Skrzypski is charging against Article 106 of the Criminal Code concerning State’s treason that makes him possible to take life imprisonment or twenty years in jail. “While other suspects YS and SM are still being investigated,” he said.
Earlier last month, the Head of Papua Representative Office of Human Rights Commission Frits Ramandey confirmed that the suspect Skrzypski was physically in good condition in the prison of Papua Regional Police.
“Even though he is fine physically, and as a prisoner, he has his right, but I think he is psychologically stressed,” Ramandey said at the time. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Reconstruction is necessary to track the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua
Jayapura, Jubi – A lecturer International Relations of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Cenderawasih Laus D.C. Rumayom asserted that reconstruction might be crucially important for evaluating the implementation of the Special Autonomy in Papua.
According to him, the reconstruction might help to assess achievements and obstacles occurred since the Special Autonomy Law applied in Papua since 2001.
“Some people say it works, whereas some say it doesn’t. But what the measure is? What does it look of its relationships with international politics?” Rumayom told Jubi on Thursday (10/11/2018).
Moreover, he said we would find out whether indigenous Papuans understand the situation after 18 years of the implementation of Special Autonomy and the map of future development.
“Therefore you might able to say that the indigenous Papuans should not become a beggar. We must have a strong principle of maintaining what has become a political contract through the Special Autonomy,” he said.
However, he said it is undeniable that the indigenous Papuans are facing social and cultural degradation. He took an example of seven tribes who are the landowners of PT. Freeport Indonesia’s mining area that has no power to voice their rights on gold and copper mine.
“Yet the outsiders talk about it, even though they have no relations at all with the family or the lands or another else,” he said.
Meanwhile, the Director of LP3BH Manokwari Yan Christian Warinussy recently said the government need to promptly encourage and promote a thorough evaluation of the implementation of the Special Autonomy policy to see and answer a series of questions over the past ten years.
“The evaluation is aimed to find a policy breakthrough for stakeholders, including the government’s role so that it could thoroughly protect their citizens,” said Warinussi. (*)
Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
Editor : Pipit Maizier
Memo NZ: ‘Get on the right side of history’ over West Papua
Vanuatu says New Zealand should get on the right side of history and support West Papuan self-determination. However, reports James Halpin of Asia Pacific Journalism, Indonesian diplomacy with its Pacific allies Australia, Fiji and Papua New Guinea are defiantly undermining Pacific “solidarity” on the issue.
Vanuatu’s Foreign Minister Ralph Regenvanu has called on New Zealand to get on the right side of history when it comes to West Papua.
Reaffirming President Salwai’s remarks at the UN General Assembly late last month, Regenvanu told Asia Pacific Report that the “people of Vanuatu have never had the opportunity to exercise their right of self-determination, which is an unalienable right under international law, and they must be given that opportunity”.
Independence for Vanuatu was achieved from the co-colonisers France and the United Kingdom in 1980.
West Papua had been a colony of the Dutch New Guinea but was annexed by Indonesia after a paratrooper “invasion” in 1962 followed by a UN-supervised vote in 1969 described by critics as fraudulent.
Asked why Vanuatu has taken the lead in advocating for West Papua, Regenvanu says:
“We take this position because of our historical solidarity with the people of West Papua – we were once together and the struggles as colonies trying to become independent; we achieved ours and we will not forget our brothers-and-sisters-in-arms who have not got theirs.”
For President Salwai and Regenvanu, the recent Pacific Islands Forum was a failure at gaining Pacific support for West Papuan self-determination.
“We are disappointed at the position of Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Australia to vocally oppose self-determination for West Papua. We are pleased that most other countries support self-determination, however.”
Regenvanu also criticises New Zealand for not following the advice that it gives to Pacific Island countries.
New Zealand should, “actively support with actions on this issue the ‘international rules-based order’ it is always promoting to PICs”.
The Melanesian Spearhead Group, which shares an ethnicity with the people of West Papua, has also failed at achieving solidarity over the issue.
“PNG and Fiji have strong ties to Indonesia and work actively to ensure the MSG does not address the issue.”
End colonialism call
President Charlot Salwai Tabimasmas introduced the issue of West Papua to the UN General Assembly this year.
“For half a century now, the international community has been witnessing a gamut of torture, murder, exploitation, sexual violence, arbitrary detention inflicted on the nationals of West Papua perpetrated by Indonesia.”
“We also call on our counterparts throughout the world to support the legal right of West Papua to self-determination.”
For President Salwai, it is an issue of justice and equality for the people of West Papua,
“I would like to get back to the principles in the charter of the United Nations to reaffirm that we believe in the fundamental rights of human beings in dignity and worth of the human person and in equality of rights between men and women and nations large and small.”
President Salwai has been the flag bearer of West Papuan self-determination. His aim is for West Papua to be placed back onto the decolonisation list under the UN charter.
However, President Salwai was supported by two other Pacific leaders, Marshall Islands’ President Hilda Heine of the Marshall Islands, and Enele Sopoaga of Tuvalu.
Sopoaga said: “The United Nations must also engage with the people of West Papua to find lasting solutions to their struggles.”
President Heine staid that Pacific Island countries supported constructive engagement on the issue.
At the 2016 UN General Assembly, seven countries stated their supported for West Papuan self-determination. These were: Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Tonga, Palau.
Decolonisation has become an important part of foreign relations in the Pacific with the New Caledonian independence vote on November 4.
After hundreds of years of European colonisation, the UN has provided a platform for and facilitated the self-determination of indigenous peoples across the world.
The Indonesian delegation denounced Vanuatu at the UN General Assembly just days ago. The Indonesia delegation used the entirety of their second right of reply in the general debate to deplore Vanuatu’s support for West Papuan self-determination.
“Although being disguised with flowery human rights concern, Vanuatu’s sole intention and action are directly challenging the internationally agreed principles of friendly relations between state, sovereignty and territorial integrity,” UN General Assembly Vice-President Muhammad Kalla said on behalf of his country.
He said: “Like any other country, Indonesia will firmly defend its territorial integrity.”
The Indonesian representative, Aloysius Taborat, said: “respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity is the cardinal rule in the relation among nations and in the United Nations”.
However, critics say Indonesia’s handling of West Papua’s vote in the 1969Act of Free Choice “was rigged” so that West Papua would vote to join Indonesia. Therefore, many see hypocrisy in Indonesia’s words, including in their reputation over press freedom.
Human rights abuses are a common occurrence in West Papua, according to human rights organisations. Simply raising the West Papuan flag can result in 15-years imprisonment.(*)
James Halpin is a student journalist on the Postgraduate Diploma in Communication Studies course at AUT. He is filing articles in the Asia-Pacific Journalism Studies paper.
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