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Politics, Government & Security

Otsus Arrangement Not Included in Regional Budget 2015

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Jayapura, Jubi – The head of Papua’s Financial and Regional Asset Management, Benyamin Arisoy, said the government did not allocate a budget for the New Special Autonomy Law (Otsus) preparations for 2015.

“I want to clarify there is no budget allocated for the New Special Autonomy Law preparation in the Regional Budget Plan 2015. But I admit it was allocated in 2014,” Arisoy told reporters in Jayapura on Tuesday (24/2/2015).

He said Papua Governor Lukas Enembe, Parliament’s members and related government officials have left for Jakarta using the office travel budget instead of Regional Budget.

The statement was made in response to remarks to the contrary by Papuan councillor Yan Mendenas.
“So Mr. Mandenas’ assumption was wrong. Instead as councilor, he should know about it,” he said.

Although he accepted Mandenas’ point of view as positive critic for the government to improve its service; however he expected it should be referred to accurate information to avoid the public opinion misleading.

But speaking about the Special Autonomy that has been implemented for 12 years in Papua, he said both former administration and parliament had no effort to establish a regulation in concerning to the Special Autonomy fund management.
“But in the early period of Governor Lukas Enembe and Vice Governor Klemen Tinal’s administration, the government has just thought and taken action to create a regional regulation to manage the special autonomy fund,” he said.

According to him, the Governor’s policy to distribute 80 percent of fund to each regency/municipality started since 2014 and this year would be the second year. Related to the evaluation of Special Autonomy in the recent administration era, we need 2 or two years ahead to find out whether it has been well implemented of gave benefits to the community.
“With 80 percent allocation for local governments, I hope we could take it as collective responsibility. Thus this fund could certainly use to improve the community welfare in Papua,” he said.

On this occasion, he also said during his assignment as government official, he saw the governor always works at his office or regularly visit the regions. “Even he stays at the office till night. It’s outstanding. As his staff, I am very proud of him. So, people’s thinking about he is rarely at the office was not true. Because if he traveled to other regions, it’s for official business,” he said.

Earlier, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said the distribution of 80 percent of Special Autonomy Fund has just started since 2014 and currently steps to the second year. (Alexander Loen/rom)

Economy

Natural resources trigger territorial annexation

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West Papua is a rich mix of reefs and rainforest – some of the most beautiful environments on the planet – thecoraltriangle.com/Diana Himmelspach

Jayapura, Jubi – Natural resources and the division of region considered behind a reason why some district governments claim on territories of other district administrations, stated a member of the Commission I of Government, Politics, Law and Human Rights of the Papuan House of Representatives Yonas Nussy on Thursday (11/10/2018).

“Governments have their administrative territories, while indigenous peoples have customary territories (land tenure rights). Sometimes conflicts occur when other parties claim on someone else’s land despite that the customary landowners know exactly the border of their lands,” said Nusy.

Therefore, he said, the borders of villages, sub-districts, districts and provinces should be managed by involving many relevant parties to avoid this sort of problems in the future.

Furthermore, he said the Commission I of the Papuan House of Representatives plans to invite some government agencies and other relevant parties to discuss some actions to address the territorial issues in Papua.

“The provincial border of Papua and West Papua should be an issue that needs to be emphasized,” he said.

He hopes that both provincial and regional (municipal) governments will take seriously in addressing the problems associated with the territorial border because some conflicts are assumed to follow.

A few days ago, some groups from Mamberamo Raya (Mambra) District protested that some areas of their district allegedly annexed to the neighbouring district because of its gold potency.

The Secretary of Mamberamo Apawer Indigenous Peoples Council Marthen NK Tukeji said the areas annexed are namely Kordesi, Dopo, Turere, Degey, Darpos and Dou.

“It similarly happens to other sub-districts of Taiyeve and Taria. We hope the Papuan House of Representative, Papuan People’s Assembly as well as the Papuan Provincial Government could pay attention to this problem,” said Marthen NK Tukeji on Tuesday (10/09/2018). (*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Reconstruction is necessary to track the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua

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Papua Civil Servants held protest in 2016 to support Governor’s statement to return the special autonomy ‘s fund to Jakarta – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – A lecturer International Relations of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Cenderawasih Laus D.C. Rumayom asserted that reconstruction might be crucially important for evaluating the implementation of the Special Autonomy in Papua.

According to him, the reconstruction might help to assess achievements and obstacles occurred since the Special Autonomy Law applied in Papua since 2001.

“Some people say it works, whereas some say it doesn’t. But what the measure is? What does it look of its relationships with international politics?” Rumayom told Jubi on Thursday (10/11/2018).

Moreover, he said we would find out whether indigenous Papuans understand the situation after 18 years of the implementation of Special Autonomy and the map of future development.

“Therefore you might able to say that the indigenous Papuans should not become a beggar. We must have a strong principle of maintaining what has become a political contract through the Special Autonomy,” he said.

However, he said it is undeniable that the indigenous Papuans are facing social and cultural degradation. He took an example of seven tribes who are the landowners of PT. Freeport Indonesia’s mining area that has no power to voice their rights on gold and copper mine.

“Yet the outsiders talk about it, even though they have no relations at all with the family or the lands or another else,” he said.

Meanwhile, the Director of LP3BH Manokwari Yan Christian Warinussy recently said the government need to promptly encourage and promote a thorough evaluation of the implementation of the Special Autonomy policy to see and answer a series of questions over the past ten years.

“The evaluation is aimed to find a policy breakthrough for stakeholders, including the government’s role so that it could thoroughly protect their citizens,” said Warinussi. (*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor : Pipit Maizier

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Politics, Government & Security

New autonomy region is a sexy issue in the political year

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Division of the province or districts has always become a public issue in Papua in every election moments; no matter it is the regional head election (Pilkada), legislative election or presidential election.

Second Secretary of Papuan Customary Council John NR Gobai said this issue is always addressed as a political agenda by some parties who claim it as the aspirations of the community.

“It’s just a political issue. If it is indeed the real aspirations of the community, therefore it must be respected. However, if the issue raised before the regional head election or legislative election, what does it mean? “This should not be used as a political bargain to get something,” Gobai told Jubi on Thursday, 4 October 2018.

Although he believes that people nowadays are educated and able to make a prediction towards such issue that has blown up ahead the political year, but he still reminds the public to not influenced by such problem. Moreover, the government does not revoke the moratorium regarding new regions yet due to financial reason.

Focus to the main issue amongst the community

Gobai asks the candidates to promote some issues that have become the main problems of the community, such as the settlement of human rights violations, natural resources management, the rights of indigenous peoples and so on, rather than the issue of new autonomy regions.

The division of regions might not an urgent agenda. Moreover, some new districts in Papua are not showing the significant development in various sectors.

“Regarding the division of districts, this is not efficient. Developments in the new areas are stagnant. Also, it should get prior approval from the origin district government or province because it relates to the financing.

“I even heard the information that there are parties who promote the creation of new regions ask for the financial support from the community because the division that they are trying to deal with is not the willingness of the main district government,” said Gobai.

Meanwhile, the parliament member of the commission for the government, politics, law and human rights Orgenes Wanimbo said the similar thing that there is no doubt that some parties who promote the division of regions for their interest but said it was the people’s aspirations, whereas there are many aspects need to consider before proposing this division. For instance, the regional border, the potential natural resources, facilities and human resources, and et cetera.

Furthermore, the new autonomy region, according to Wanimbo, is not an answer to the people’s welfare. On the contrary, it is worried that the indigenous people would be marginalized by the new settlers.(*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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