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Politics, Government & Security

Papua Police to Issue Rules on Demonstrations 

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Papua Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw - Jubi/Islami Adisubrata

Papua Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw – Jubi/Islami Adisubrata

Wamena, Jubi – Papua Police would issue rules on public expressions in a move that many fear will curtail free speech.

Papua Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw said everyone has right to express their opinion in public, but for such groups such as KNPB, PRD who advocate for separatism, there are legal consequences.

“We will specially record those who are against the legitimate government. There will be legal consequences and it is regulated in the Criminal Code,” he said in Wamena, Jayawijaya Regency on Friday (17/6/2016).

He said those who conduct a demonstration on the issue of separation from the Republic of Indonesia could be charged with treason and would be on a police criminal record if convicted.

He explained if someone has convicted of crime, they would have the police criminal record. For students who want to continue their study, the record would be attached with them. It’s also applied to the graduates apply for a job; this record would prevent them in the future.

He also asked to the regents in Papua to identify the pupils and students funded or financially supported by government.

“They shouldn’t get involved that finally made them trap in the situation that ultimately harm themselves,” he said.

In response the chief, Papuan political prisoner Philep Karma said this notice would merely to rise the number of political prisoners in Papua, because many activists and indigenous Papuans, in particular KNPB who conduct the protest demanding the truth of Papuan history to the self-determination.

“The more political prisoners, the issue of Papua will increasingly global. It means the president would feel more complicated, isn’t he?” he said to Jubi on Monday (20/6/2016).

On the last few days, the demonstration was flaring in Papua, whether held by West Papua National Committee in Jayapura on 3 May 2016 and 15 June 2016 respectively or White-Flag National Group in Wamena in last month and Thursday (16/6/2016) or the National Front (BARA NKRI) in the early June. It seems they are competing against each other.

The Coordinating Minister of Politic, Legal and Security Affairs Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan considered the demonstration is the citizens’ constitutional rights and there’s no problem as long as it is according to the Law and not anarchistic.

“But if it breaks the Law, off course there is a legal consequence, and should be considered,” he told reporters after meeting with Jayawijaya leaders in Wamena on Friday (17/6/2016). He also asked to Papua Police Chief to review the permit for demonstration, because everything has consequences.

“Governor also must form a regulation related to the demonstration, for example, in Jakarta the demonstration was allowed to conduct from six in the morning to six in the afternoon. Secondly, it could be done at particular places and not allowed for violating the rights of other people,” he said. (Islami Adisubrata/rom)

Economy

Natural resources trigger territorial annexation

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West Papua is a rich mix of reefs and rainforest – some of the most beautiful environments on the planet – thecoraltriangle.com/Diana Himmelspach

Jayapura, Jubi – Natural resources and the division of region considered behind a reason why some district governments claim on territories of other district administrations, stated a member of the Commission I of Government, Politics, Law and Human Rights of the Papuan House of Representatives Yonas Nussy on Thursday (11/10/2018).

“Governments have their administrative territories, while indigenous peoples have customary territories (land tenure rights). Sometimes conflicts occur when other parties claim on someone else’s land despite that the customary landowners know exactly the border of their lands,” said Nusy.

Therefore, he said, the borders of villages, sub-districts, districts and provinces should be managed by involving many relevant parties to avoid this sort of problems in the future.

Furthermore, he said the Commission I of the Papuan House of Representatives plans to invite some government agencies and other relevant parties to discuss some actions to address the territorial issues in Papua.

“The provincial border of Papua and West Papua should be an issue that needs to be emphasized,” he said.

He hopes that both provincial and regional (municipal) governments will take seriously in addressing the problems associated with the territorial border because some conflicts are assumed to follow.

A few days ago, some groups from Mamberamo Raya (Mambra) District protested that some areas of their district allegedly annexed to the neighbouring district because of its gold potency.

The Secretary of Mamberamo Apawer Indigenous Peoples Council Marthen NK Tukeji said the areas annexed are namely Kordesi, Dopo, Turere, Degey, Darpos and Dou.

“It similarly happens to other sub-districts of Taiyeve and Taria. We hope the Papuan House of Representative, Papuan People’s Assembly as well as the Papuan Provincial Government could pay attention to this problem,” said Marthen NK Tukeji on Tuesday (10/09/2018). (*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Reconstruction is necessary to track the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua

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Papua Civil Servants held protest in 2016 to support Governor’s statement to return the special autonomy ‘s fund to Jakarta – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – A lecturer International Relations of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the University of Cenderawasih Laus D.C. Rumayom asserted that reconstruction might be crucially important for evaluating the implementation of the Special Autonomy in Papua.

According to him, the reconstruction might help to assess achievements and obstacles occurred since the Special Autonomy Law applied in Papua since 2001.

“Some people say it works, whereas some say it doesn’t. But what the measure is? What does it look of its relationships with international politics?” Rumayom told Jubi on Thursday (10/11/2018).

Moreover, he said we would find out whether indigenous Papuans understand the situation after 18 years of the implementation of Special Autonomy and the map of future development.

“Therefore you might able to say that the indigenous Papuans should not become a beggar. We must have a strong principle of maintaining what has become a political contract through the Special Autonomy,” he said.

However, he said it is undeniable that the indigenous Papuans are facing social and cultural degradation. He took an example of seven tribes who are the landowners of PT. Freeport Indonesia’s mining area that has no power to voice their rights on gold and copper mine.

“Yet the outsiders talk about it, even though they have no relations at all with the family or the lands or another else,” he said.

Meanwhile, the Director of LP3BH Manokwari Yan Christian Warinussy recently said the government need to promptly encourage and promote a thorough evaluation of the implementation of the Special Autonomy policy to see and answer a series of questions over the past ten years.

“The evaluation is aimed to find a policy breakthrough for stakeholders, including the government’s role so that it could thoroughly protect their citizens,” said Warinussi. (*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor : Pipit Maizier

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Politics, Government & Security

New autonomy region is a sexy issue in the political year

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Division of the province or districts has always become a public issue in Papua in every election moments; no matter it is the regional head election (Pilkada), legislative election or presidential election.

Second Secretary of Papuan Customary Council John NR Gobai said this issue is always addressed as a political agenda by some parties who claim it as the aspirations of the community.

“It’s just a political issue. If it is indeed the real aspirations of the community, therefore it must be respected. However, if the issue raised before the regional head election or legislative election, what does it mean? “This should not be used as a political bargain to get something,” Gobai told Jubi on Thursday, 4 October 2018.

Although he believes that people nowadays are educated and able to make a prediction towards such issue that has blown up ahead the political year, but he still reminds the public to not influenced by such problem. Moreover, the government does not revoke the moratorium regarding new regions yet due to financial reason.

Focus to the main issue amongst the community

Gobai asks the candidates to promote some issues that have become the main problems of the community, such as the settlement of human rights violations, natural resources management, the rights of indigenous peoples and so on, rather than the issue of new autonomy regions.

The division of regions might not an urgent agenda. Moreover, some new districts in Papua are not showing the significant development in various sectors.

“Regarding the division of districts, this is not efficient. Developments in the new areas are stagnant. Also, it should get prior approval from the origin district government or province because it relates to the financing.

“I even heard the information that there are parties who promote the creation of new regions ask for the financial support from the community because the division that they are trying to deal with is not the willingness of the main district government,” said Gobai.

Meanwhile, the parliament member of the commission for the government, politics, law and human rights Orgenes Wanimbo said the similar thing that there is no doubt that some parties who promote the division of regions for their interest but said it was the people’s aspirations, whereas there are many aspects need to consider before proposing this division. For instance, the regional border, the potential natural resources, facilities and human resources, and et cetera.

Furthermore, the new autonomy region, according to Wanimbo, is not an answer to the people’s welfare. On the contrary, it is worried that the indigenous people would be marginalized by the new settlers.(*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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