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PAPUANS SHOULD UNITE IF THEY WANT TO GAIN INDEPENDENCE

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The Discussion held by the Papua Student Association of Central Mountains (AMPTPI) (Jubi)

The Discussion held by the Papua Student Association of Central Mountains (AMPTPI) (Jubi)

Jayapura, 22/3 (Jubi)- Papuans must be united if they want to win independence, a human rights activist said.

Unfortunately, many pro-independence Papuans tend to work by themselves and deceive one another, according to human rights defender Mama Yosepha Alomang during her presentation in the seminar and the public discussion titled “Fighting for Just and Peaceful Democracy that Stands for Papuan People” held by the Papua Student Association of Central Mountains (AMPTPI) in Mimika student dormitory on Saturday (22/3).
“The conflict in Timika is actually only for the benefit of others such as the Indonesian government, regents, Freeport,  the military and police. As a result, the community is the victim, brothers kill brothers, “ Alomang said.

She further stated that their customary law is similar to  the 10 commandments so, do not think they do not have such rules. ” I think the youths might not want to kill their father-in-law or brothers,” she said.

She asserted the interests of others caused Papuan people to kill each other in the name Papua war or conflict. “Thus, I call every one to get together for Papua Independence,” she added.

Markus Haluk, AMPTPI General Secretary, said there are three proverbs known among Papuan people, Papuans deceive Papuans ( Papua tipu Papua), the second is Papuans eat Papuans and the last is Papuans kill Papuans .
“Therefore, for me the dialogue is not the goal, referendum is not the goal and neither independence, ” Haluk explained.

He added all Papuans should work based on their skills and expertise in order to reach the gold city.

Meanwhile, one of the other speakers, Esther Haluk, confirmed there is not only the security forces who became the repressive actor against the democratic freedom in Papua but also the Papuan elite within the bureaucracy who are extremely allergic to protesters and criticism from the critical community.
“They collaborate with the security forces in dealing with various forms of terror, threats and intimidation,” she stated.

The muzzling of Papuans democratic rights has peaked, with a full exhibition of military force while escorting all actions or peaceful process and pro-democracy groups in Papua.
“One of the real evidence is the deployment of troops with full equipment plus tanks and barracuda to escort student protests. They even restrict students from demonstrating only on campus area,” she added.

Not only that, Papua police does not often issue permission to protesters who want to hold the peaceful protest against the government policies since they believe it would disturb public stability.

Moreover, there is a Memorandum of Understanding ( MoU) between the campus and Papua police on detaining and arresting students who are the actors of the protest, she added.
“The most recent case is terror and intimidation against Yusak Reba, academician at Cenderawasih University who use his capacity as an academic to speak out,” she said.

The state policies have also been used in repressing democratic space. “Many state policies benefit the state and be detrimental to society, including people of Papua,” she said.

For example the Law on Public Organization / Community Organization instituted by Law No: 8 of 1985, updated in Law No.17 Year 2013, despite protests, it was still passed by the House of Representatives and enforced throughout Indonesia.
“It means freedom of association and expression become taboo, if it is done by organization that not registered in Political and National Unity office ( Kesbangpol) ,” she further explained.

The second one is the Anti-Terrorism Act No. 15 of 2003 that gives full access to re-play military presence in the public sphere. “In this regulation, intelligent’s  report will be a strong legal reasons to act against the activists labeled as separatists, “he said.

The third, international funds must go through one door which enable the State Intelligence Agency (BIN) to spy on all the financial information of NGOs who speak out the issues related to civil and political issues and even economic, social and culture issues. (Jubi / Dominggus A Mampioper/Tina)

Economy

Freeport’s one percent fund cannot guarantee Kamoro’s future

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Mathea Mamayou, a native Kamoro woman whose tribe affected tailings produced by PT Freeport Indonesia. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – The Secretary for the Government, Politics, Law and Human Rights Commission of the Papua House of Representatives Mathea Mamoyao, who is also a Kamoro native, said ‘one percent fund’, 1% of Freeport’s gross revenues go to the local tribes, does not guarantee the sustainable future of those tribes.

“I don’t know whether this compensation is still there or not. I don’t want certain people took advantages on it, while people are still living under the poverty,” she told Jubi on Wednesday (18/7/2018).

Further, she said what she wants is a guarantee for the Kamoro tribe to live in a better condition in the future. But the fact is the education and health services in the Kamoro region is still poor. “For all the times, I’ll keep talking about it, because as a native, I don’t want the young generation of my tribe not to survive in the future,” she said.

Meanwhile, the board of Meepago Customary Council John NR Gobai said indigenous peoples as the tenure landowners collect the promise of the Indonesian Government on the bargain involved Freeport, the Central Government and the landowners on 4 September 2017.

“At that time, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Ignatius Jonan agreed to accommodate the request of Amungme tribe asking Freeport to give a reimbursement of 1% fund which they received as the Corporate Social Responsibly funds into larger value shares,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Military could only arise trauma among locals

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Student activists from BEM Uncen and PMKRI speak during press releases. -Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of Student Executive Board of the Cenderawasih University (BEM UNCEN) Paskalis Boma asks Papua Police to withdraw officers from Nduga District to prevent people from trauma.

He said the attack by the police officers occurred in Langguru and Kenyam on 11 July 2018 was very violent. “Nduga is part of Indonesia. If the police want to attack the National Liberation Army and Free Papua Movement (TPN/OPM), they shouldn’t harm the civilians,” he told Jubi on Wednesday (19/7/2018).

Further, he said the military’s attack in Nduga District was excessive as they attacked unarmed people whereas they were well-equipped. “People don’t carry weapons; they can’t fight back. They can’t do it because they are the citizens of Indonesia. This incident remains a scar and is rooted in the hearth of the local Nduga community. It only arises a fear.”

Meanwhile, Benediktus Bame, the Chairman of the Catholic Students Association of Indonesia (PMKRI) St Efrem Jayapura, the government could apply some human approaches towards the TPN/OPM. “The action taken by the government officials was very excessive. It would only arise a fear among the local people,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papuan Liberation Movement wants dialogue

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Members of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua at a Melanesian Spearhead Group summit in 2013: Paula Makabori, Dr John Ondawame, Rex Rumakiek. – RNZ / Johnny Blades

The United Liberation Movement for West Papua supports the idea of dialogue with Indonesia as long as it is mediated internationally, the movement’s secretary says.

Indonesia’s government of Joko Widodo has recently made overtures to West Papuan customary and civil society leaders for dialogue over a range of issues in Papua region.

Secretary Rex Rumakiek said the push for dialogue was not a bad thing.

“But dialogue internationally, not Indonesian type of dialogue that resulted in 1969’s Act of Free Choice. That’s the type of dialogue Indonesia wants. We are not going to go back to that approach,” Mr Rumakiek said.

“We want an international dialogue and the best place to dialogue is the United Nations general assembly. Let us vote on the issue.”

The movement hoped to have questions over the legitimacy of the self-determination act under which West Papua was incorporated into Indonesia debated by the UN General Assembly in the next year or two, Mr Rumakiek said.

Since being admitted to the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in 2015 with observer status in the regional grouping, the movement has had more opportunities to engage with Indonesia, which enjoys associate member status in the MSG.

The dynamic between the two parties, however, is clearly strained, as Indonesia’s government has characterised the movement as a separatist group that does not represent Papuans.

The full MSG members – Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and New Caledonia’s Kanaks – have been working to facilitate dialogue between the movement and Indonesia

“We can talk direct to them with the MSG members as witnesses. That is what we call a third party” Mr Rumakiek explained.

“We cannot talk direct to Indonesia by ourselves, but with the MSG facilitating. We try to avoid other people speaking on our behalf. The MSG is trying to arrange for meetings (between the West Papuans and Indonesia’s government).”

Meanwhile, the Australia-based Mr Rumakiek said the movement was disturbed by the reports from Papua’s remote Nduga regency that Indonesian security forces and the West Papua National Liberation Army had exchanged gunfire in recent weeks.

Three people were killed in an attack on police at the local airport two weeks ago during regional elections. A faction of the Liberation Army – which is not directly linked to the United Liberation Movement for West Papua – claimed responsibility.

Following the attack, about a thousand extra police and military personnel deployed to Nduga as part of a joint operation.

They have been conducting an aerial campaign over the Alguru area in pursuit of the Liberation Army, with unconfirmed reports saying at least two Papuans have been shot dead and others injured in recent days.

The Indonesian aerial operations over Alguru echoed previous military operations in the area, which devastated the livelihoods of Papuan villagers, Mr Rumakiek said.

“They are applying the same strategy that they bomb villages and chasing the people who live in the bush, so the after effects are much more serious than the actual destruction itself,” he said.

“Those people, when they come back to their village there will be nothing left for them to return to because the schools and clinics are destroyed and the churches are destroyed.”

But in a statement, Indonesia’s military said reports that security forces were conducting airstrikes or dropping bombs in Nduga were a hoax.

Military forces were working with police in “law enforcement activities” in Alguru, it said. (*)

 

Source: radionz.co

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