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Police Still Discriminate Against Papuans, Activist Says

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Director of Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH Jakarta), Alghiffari Aqsa - Facebook

Director of Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH Jakarta), Alghiffari Aqsa – Facebook

Jayapura, Jubi – The police’s decision to often not issue a permit for peaceful demonstrations in Papua and arrest protesters is evidence that the Government are biased against Papuan people, said the director of Jakarta Legal Aid Institute, Alghiffari Aqsa SH.

When asked by Jubi on Monday (30/5/2016) to response the legal status of series of peace demonstration on self-determination and support for ULMWP in Papua, he asserted as long as these aspirations were conducted peacefully, the Police and Indonesian Government must respect it.

He explained the Police’s refusal to issue STTP (letter of permit) was not common in other regions (in Indonesia) and was a discriminatory act.

According to him, it violated Article 13 Paragraph (1) of Law No. 9 1998 about the Freedom of Expression in the Public. It is also against the Indonesian Constitution of Article 28 E Paragraph (2) and (3) which states that everyone has the right to gather, express aspirations and opinions.

Further, in Human Rights Law Article 25 Paragraph 19 of the Law No. 12 Year 20015 that ratifying the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights is also protect the right of freedom expression and gathering. He lamented that what was applied in other places just not worked in Papua. According to him, it could be an indication of denial over Papuans as the Indonesian citizens.

On Friday (27/5/2016), the Central West Papua National Committee (KNPB) accepted a letter from the Police state it would not issued the permit regarding to a notice of peace rally on 31 May. In the letter, the Police asked KNPB about the compliance of statute and structure of organization as requirement for demonstration.

Aqsa said this request is overreacted to ban the freedom of expression in Papua. At other regions, the Police never asked for it. “It’s only happened in Papua,” he said. He further explained that according to Article 17 of Indonesian Police Regulation No. 7 Year 2012 states the Police oblige to file the identity and statute of organization but it is not a requirement to obtain the permit. “It is an obligation for the Police to make documentation, but it is not the obligation of protesters. Furthermore the Article 17 said the statute of organization need to be file if “available”,” he said.

He added the Police oblige to issue the permit because according to the Law the demonstration requires a notice not a permit. Even in Paragraph 14 of Police Regulation, it is said the Police still need to issue the permit even for the action that potentially disturbed the safety and order with a note said the action was not suggested.

In the letter signed by Director of Intelligent and Security of Papua Police Alfred S.IK, it said that KNOB and ULMWP are illegal and against the Republic of Indonesia. In fact both ULMWP and Indonesia are the members of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) that means though they have a different status, but their existence is equally admitted in the official forum of the Southern Pacific.

In response this, Aqsa said the action taken by KNPB to give notification to the Police about their planning should be respected because the problem is not about the protesters. What is happening now is the protesters have followed the procedure in accordance to the Law No 9 Year 1998 but they were banned by the Police.

“The Police could say the rally was illegal, but it is occurred because of the intention of the Police,” he said. “In my opinion, the demonstration remains legal because the Constitution and Law 9/1999 is ultimate than the procedural obstacle by the Police,” he said. He also added that accordance to the Article 6 No 9/1998 the Police oblige to maintain the integrity and unity of the nation in expressing their aspiration, but it could not become a reference rejecting to issue the permit. “Expressing the aspiration was not happened yet, how come it could be charged by Law?” he said.

Closing his phone conversation, Alghiffari Aqsa said the Jakarta Legal Aid Institute as part of Papua Itu Kita (Papua is Us movement) give supports and respect towards the peace demonstration held by Papuan people. He expected it could be run peacefully and protesters to not being provoked by the Police and documenting their actions or arrest conducted by the Police and invite media to cover it so that the public could recognize about the arbitrariness if it was occurred.

Meanwhile, from this morning until noon, the Police have arrest dozens of KNPB activists when distributing the pamphlets about peace demonstration on 31 May. The Police arrested 25 activists in Sentani at around 09:00 in the morning and 26 activists in Jayapura at around 13:40. (*/rom)

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Papua Governor: No more conflicts in Puncak Jaya

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Illustration of Mulia City, Puncak Jaya Regency. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said Puncak Jaya District there should not be a stigma for Puncak Jaya District as a conflict area because it is not a killing field. In contrary, this area is safe and peaceful.

“I governed this region once, so I know what people want. For that reason, I ask the local government officials to be able to take care of the community so to avoid more conflicts,” told Enembe to reporters on Thursday (09/13/2018) at the Office of the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP).

Furthermore, the governor said to avoid conflicts between different tribes and groups; the government officials should not also act to represent their personal or group interests.

Separately, Papua Police Deputy Chief the Brigadier General Yakoubus Marjuki said that the police always try to use a subtle approach to solve conflicts in Papua.

“This is our commitment because we want every region in Papua to always be safe and peaceful including in Puncak Jaya.” (*)

 


Reporter: Roy Ratumakin

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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KNPB supports Kanaky for self-determination

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KNPB and Gempar Papua activists at the Secretariat of Central KNPB. – Jubi / Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – Central West Papua National Committee (KNPB) held a limited discussion to support FKLNS (Organization of the Liberation Struggle of the Kanaky Tribe in New Caledonia) which has been well received by the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) to conduct a referendum in November 2018.

The First Chairman of Central KNPB Agus Kosay said it’s time for Kanaky to get self-determination from French colonialism.

“Kanaky must declare their self-determination. If Kanaky gets their independence, it would be able to give their support to West Papua because we share the same situation, which lives under the colonialism,” he said on Wednesday (08/12/2018) in Jayapura.

Meanwhile a member of Gempar (Papuan Youth and Student Movement) Nelius Wenda said as a nation oppressed by Indonesia, West Papua fully supports the referendum agenda of New Caledonia.

“Kanaky must determine their destiny. It must be far better than being under the French colonialism. In the future we Papuans are just like Kanaky,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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In Papuan human rights context, Jokowi considered no different from Prabowo

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Papuan students and youth are arrested by the police on Tuesday (4/9/2018) in a rally to support Vanuatu to bring up the issue of West Papua in the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF). – Jubi / Doc.

Jayapura, Jubi – The current president of Indonesia Joko Widodo is considered to be no different from Prabowo in Human Rights violations in Papua.

If Prabowo recognised as a perpetrator of human rights violations in Papua, Widodo considered allowing violent conflicts and human rights violations in Papua to continue. Now both will compete in the Indonesian presidential election 2019.

“For us from Mimika District, Jokowi is no different from Prabowo. Why? If Prabowo is a perpetrator of human rights violation in Papua, the current president Jokowi knows about these violations but let it happened repeatedly,” said Odizeus Beanal, the Director of Amungme Tribal Society (Lemasa) told Jubi on Tuesday (11/9/2018) while mentioning some cases of human rights violations occurred in Paniai, Timika, Ndugama and other regions.

Today the allegations of human rights violations in Papua still continue. Some violent incidents against civilians that resulted in casualties and arrests of random people still occur under the current administration.

The Amnesty International Indonesia has recorded 38 cases of extrajudicial killings from 2014 to mid-2018 that confirmed 51 victims. This report launched in mid-July 2018.

Government efforts and victims rejection

The Indonesian government through the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security has formed an integrated team whose task to collect data and information, make analyses and report to the president. The team who consist of 39 members from Papua and Jakarta established in May 2018 as an integrated team to resolve cases of alleged human right violations in Papua. However, it obtained rejection from many Papuans to consider them as not neutral.

“It is impossible to accept those who suspected as perpetrators to become referees. Furthermore, we know this team facilitated by the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security who has a military background. From the beginning, the Police has supported this team. So how could we believe them?” said Peneas Lokbere, the Coordinator of United for Truth (BUK).

According to Lokbere, who continuously are accompanying victims of Papuan human rights violations, the team only maintained the strategy of former minister Wiranto who at that time suggested that the alleged human rights violations in Papua resolved through the customary law.

Moreover, he said until now there are hundreds of victims of human rights violations in Papua who still fight for justice. For instance, the family of victims of the Bloody Paniai incident of December 8th, 2014. The number of victims might be up to thousands because these alleged human rights violations have occurred since Indonesia annexed Papua in the 60s.

“Jokowi once expressed in front of five thousand more Papuans at Mandala Stadium in Jayapura that he would immediately resolve the Bloody Paniai case. But it was only a promise, “said Tinus Pigai, a relative of Apinus Gobai who was the victim of the incident at Karel Gobai Square, Paniai.

According to him, Jokowi’s visits to Papua were in vain, because he had not been able to fulfil his promise to resolve the Bloody Paniai case. (*)

 

Reporter: Victor Mambor

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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