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When reparation is out of reach, violence against Papuan women continues to occur

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The book tittled “Sa ada di sini /I am here” is given to one member of Jayawijaya Parliament by a survivor, Tuesday (June 13) – Jubi/IST

Jayapura, Jubi – After it was launched seven years ago, the recommendations of Violence against Papuan Women Report “Stop Sudah” remain on paper.

One of the recommendations that were formulated was Special District Regulation (Perdasus) No.1 Year 2011 on the Reparation of the Rights of Women Victims of Violence and Human Rights Violations (Perdasus Pemulihan).

Departing from the findings and recollections of the “Stop Sudah” report, the Papuan and Papuan Provincial Parliament issued the Perdasus. However, six years have passed; the Perdasus has not been numbered and recorded on the State sheet.

“The Reparation Perdasus is a necessity for women victims and their families in the context of self-recovery and the fulfillment of their rights as dignified individuals. But until now, we don’t know where the problem is so the Perdasus remain idled, “said Reverend Magda Kafiar, one of victim’s advocate in Jayapura area.

The government’s lack of clarity in implementing Perdasus No.1 / 2011 and other recommendations such as sanctions to perpetrators of violence against women, partiality to the victims by the police apparatus, rehabilitation to the victim’s children from the government and so on, eventually causing violence against women continues to occur and recurring..

“While women victims need special programs to deal with critical incidents, and long-term trauma services for them in order to stand up again and build a life free from violence,” said Zandra Mambrasar, a researcher from Papua Institute for Human Rights Research and Advocacy (ELSHAM Papua).

Findings and memories

For that reason, Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR) works together with ELSHAM Papua conducts participatory action research (PAR) with the victims’ community since 2013 until 2015. In 2015 they formed Papuan Women’s Group (PWG). Assisted by dozens of district facilitators, they continued to develop PAR in several new areas in several research rounds.

The results of the study are documented in a book entitled “Sa ada di sini/I am here” which was launched on a seven-year reflection public dialogue Report “Stop Sudah!” At Sasana Karya Office of the Governor of Papua on Tuesday (June 13).

“For victims of violence against women in Indonesia, especially in Papua, justice is still far from the grip. From our research, many victims have to leave the dream to get justice and survive, “said AJAR Director, Galuh Wandita.

“Women victims continue to receive stigma so they cannot access development. They cannot make ID cards because of stigma. Eventually they are marginalized. They are not perpetrators, they are victims. Forced to evacuate, starve, and their house burned,” said Zandra Mambrasar.

Other findings look at Papuan women who are more vulnerable to family violence and have difficulty accessing services. Papuan women’s capacity to achieve justice is very weak. Economic problems make women weaker. Widows and single mothers are particularly vulnerable to violence and discrimination. And the victims’ children are in the cycle of violence and poverty.

AR, a female victim of human rights violation who lost her mother, child, husband on the same day in the DOM operation “annihilated” in 1968 admitted that after years passed, she was very pessimistic to get justice.

“I lost the people I love. My heart hurt for years. But now I have forgiven them (the perpetrators and the State), because my religion does not allow me to continue resentment. I have to forgive so I can be safe. But this country never forgave me.

Children find it hard to get a job. The reason is because I am involved (in OPM). Whereas the only thing I did was just become a victim,” AR said with a numb expression in her face, but shed tears.

Recommendation

From these findings, PAR recommends a number of things to be done. The central and provincial governments are asked for their determination to end violence against women during and after the conflict.

Immediately implement the Perdasus of Victims Reparation as one of the tools for reparation and prevention of violence against women. Facilitate the service to conduct mapping for violent survivors. Ensure programs for women victims of violence, and to restore the rights of victims of human rights violations.

Chairperson of the National Commission on Violence against Women (Komnas Perempuan) Azriana suggested the use of Special Autonomy Law as an opportunity to move forward in terms of fulfillment of Papuan women’s right, especially those experiencing violence and human rights violations.

“Sometimes we see this Otsus law like the people of Jakarta look at this law, but is wrong. Papuans themselves shpuld explain to Jakarta and others in Indonesia how should Otsus be seen,” said Azriana.(*)

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KNPB supports Kanaky for self-determination

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KNPB and Gempar Papua activists at the Secretariat of Central KNPB. – Jubi / Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – Central West Papua National Committee (KNPB) held a limited discussion to support FKLNS (Organization of the Liberation Struggle of the Kanaky Tribe in New Caledonia) which has been well received by the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) to conduct a referendum in November 2018.

The First Chairman of Central KNPB Agus Kosay said it’s time for Kanaky to get self-determination from French colonialism.

“Kanaky must declare their self-determination. If Kanaky gets their independence, it would be able to give their support to West Papua because we share the same situation, which lives under the colonialism,” he said on Wednesday (08/12/2018) in Jayapura.

Meanwhile a member of Gempar (Papuan Youth and Student Movement) Nelius Wenda said as a nation oppressed by Indonesia, West Papua fully supports the referendum agenda of New Caledonia.

“Kanaky must determine their destiny. It must be far better than being under the French colonialism. In the future we Papuans are just like Kanaky,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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In Papuan human rights context, Jokowi considered no different from Prabowo

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Papuan students and youth are arrested by the police on Tuesday (4/9/2018) in a rally to support Vanuatu to bring up the issue of West Papua in the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF). – Jubi / Doc.

Jayapura, Jubi – The current president of Indonesia Joko Widodo is considered to be no different from Prabowo in Human Rights violations in Papua.

If Prabowo recognised as a perpetrator of human rights violations in Papua, Widodo considered allowing violent conflicts and human rights violations in Papua to continue. Now both will compete in the Indonesian presidential election 2019.

“For us from Mimika District, Jokowi is no different from Prabowo. Why? If Prabowo is a perpetrator of human rights violation in Papua, the current president Jokowi knows about these violations but let it happened repeatedly,” said Odizeus Beanal, the Director of Amungme Tribal Society (Lemasa) told Jubi on Tuesday (11/9/2018) while mentioning some cases of human rights violations occurred in Paniai, Timika, Ndugama and other regions.

Today the allegations of human rights violations in Papua still continue. Some violent incidents against civilians that resulted in casualties and arrests of random people still occur under the current administration.

The Amnesty International Indonesia has recorded 38 cases of extrajudicial killings from 2014 to mid-2018 that confirmed 51 victims. This report launched in mid-July 2018.

Government efforts and victims rejection

The Indonesian government through the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security has formed an integrated team whose task to collect data and information, make analyses and report to the president. The team who consist of 39 members from Papua and Jakarta established in May 2018 as an integrated team to resolve cases of alleged human right violations in Papua. However, it obtained rejection from many Papuans to consider them as not neutral.

“It is impossible to accept those who suspected as perpetrators to become referees. Furthermore, we know this team facilitated by the Coordinating Minister for Politics and Security who has a military background. From the beginning, the Police has supported this team. So how could we believe them?” said Peneas Lokbere, the Coordinator of United for Truth (BUK).

According to Lokbere, who continuously are accompanying victims of Papuan human rights violations, the team only maintained the strategy of former minister Wiranto who at that time suggested that the alleged human rights violations in Papua resolved through the customary law.

Moreover, he said until now there are hundreds of victims of human rights violations in Papua who still fight for justice. For instance, the family of victims of the Bloody Paniai incident of December 8th, 2014. The number of victims might be up to thousands because these alleged human rights violations have occurred since Indonesia annexed Papua in the 60s.

“Jokowi once expressed in front of five thousand more Papuans at Mandala Stadium in Jayapura that he would immediately resolve the Bloody Paniai case. But it was only a promise, “said Tinus Pigai, a relative of Apinus Gobai who was the victim of the incident at Karel Gobai Square, Paniai.

According to him, Jokowi’s visits to Papua were in vain, because he had not been able to fulfil his promise to resolve the Bloody Paniai case. (*)

 

Reporter: Victor Mambor

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Economy

Migration is a factor of increasing poverty in Papua

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Indigenous Papuans. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Septer Manufandu, the former Executive Secretary of Non-Governmental Organization Working Forum of Papua (FOKER LSM Papua), stated stakeholders in Papua need to the right solution to strict the flow of migration into Papua.

So far, he said that Papua is an open region and anyone is free to come to Papua without strict control. Therefore he urges the authority to establish a proper mechanism to control the migration, but respect everyone’s right at the same time.

“In the Special Regulation about Population, it does not prohibit people outside of Papua to enter Papua, but rather to control it. So migrants must have a clear purpose coming to Papua,” Manufandu told Jubi on Friday (9/9/2018).

Meanwhile, a Papua Parliament Member Mustakim said a factor that causes the increase in the percentage of poverty in Papua is the rapid influx of migrants.

“No matter how hard the government tried to reduce the poverty rate in Papua, it becomes difficult to work as people from the outside continue to come,” said Mustakim.

Furthermore, he said a proper solution to regulate the influx of population in Papua is the government should stipulate the provincial regulation (Perdasi) or special regional regulation (Perdasus) on migration. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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