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Special Autonomy Seats Belong to Customary People



Abepura, Jubi – Legislative seats reserved for the indigenous Papuans as regulated in the Papua Special Autonomy Law must be given to customary people.

Self-styled customary institutions such as Customary Law Institute (LMA) and Barisan Merah Putih (BMP/local nationalist force) are not allowed to compete for the seats under the customary law.

“Which one of these customary institutions represents Papuans? LMA was a product of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that we don’t know for what reason it was established, while Papuans already had DAP (the Papua Customary Law Council),” a board of the Papua Customary Law Council, Willem Rumasep told Jubi at DAP Office, Jayapura on Monday (26/1).

“And who was behind the BMP? BMP is not part of customary bodies,” he said.

This statement was not automatically denying the indigenous people who joined those categorized-customary institutions. He strongly recognized them as part of customary people, but their institutions were established to serve political interest despite of the interest of indigenous.

“DAP has law and regulation drawn up by the customary people. It was not being set by certain parties,” he said.

He said if the government has really reserved the seats for the customary people, DAP would not take it, but on the other hand it must give recommendations on who deserve them. Therefore, he further said the government should build a communication with DAP for participating in the process of recruitment, selection and inauguration.

Unfortunately, until now he said the government has not sent a letter to DAP. Event the Provincial Government of West Papua that has been succeed to appoint eleven indigenous people was never communicate with DAP, but it’s not a problem because the opportunity has given to the DAP members.

“I have not received any letter from the government, but it may directly contact the representatives of seven customary areas. If it is so, it would be a problem then. We will accept anyone who’ll be appointed, just like in West Papua Province. There were eight of eleven seats represented by DAP members. It would be a problem if the candidates were nominated by using the customary label,” he said.

Last week, the BMP Chairman, Ramses Ohee stated the customary figures of five customary areas recommended him to nominate persons who will represent Papuans in the parliament. “They officially gave me a mandate. They said I must do it for the safe of Papua,” he said.

Earlier, the Chairman of Commission I of the Papua Legislative Council, Elvis Tabuni said the main agenda of Commission I is to recruit, select and appoint 14 councilors representing the indigenous Papuans as regulated by Law No. 21/2001 on the Papua Special Autonomy Law.

He said it was just waiting for the governor’s letter about the registration and approval. Once it got the letter, the Papua Legislative Council will establish a Special Committee who will responsible to establish a Selection Committee to recruit 14 candidates from five customary areas, namely Mamta, Saireri, Lapago, Meepago and Anim Ha.

Earlier, the Regional Secretary of Papua Province told media the governor’s letter about 14 seats has been registered. However, a member of Commission I, Emus Gwijangge declined it. “Until now, the Commission I has not received the copy yet. We just found out from the media,” Gwijangge said.

According to him, like or not, the Special Regional Regulation on 14 seats must be implemented in accordance with the Papua Special Regulation Law to prevent the customary people, Papua’s Parliament and Papua People’s Assembly to blame each other because it was not well implemented. (Benny Mawell/Arjuna Pademme/Rom)



Noken system in Papua’s elections is still debated




Illustration of Noken system mostly used in the highland region of Papua’s election – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – The Constitutional Court (MK) has acknowledged and endorsed the Noken System in the elections in accordance with the Decree of the Constitutional Court Number: 47-48 / PHPU.A-VI / 2009 and the article 18B paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution.

However, this system is still considered to cause some conflicts among local communities because it forces many candidates to think and work hard to get sympathy from people living in such areas applied to this system.
Although the Papua General Election Commission (KPU) has issued the technical guidelines in 2013 regulating the use of noken instead of the ballot box in the election, Metusalak Ifandi, the Chairman of Papua Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu), admits the noken system is still a potential source of conflicts in the local election in Papua.
“The implementation in the field is totally different from the technical guidelines. This should be addressed by KPU. Of course, there needs a coordination between KPU and Bawaslu regarding the technical implementation including the regulations because we only refer to their guidelines,” he answered Jubi on Tuesday (9/18/2018) in Jayapura.
Multi-interpretation and the need of review
The noken system is considered valid if the noken is hung on the wood located in the polling station. Voters must come to the location and should not be represented by others to put the ballot into the noken. After the voting, the ballots must be counted on location but still need to be punched (to authorize), not like the voting process in other regions where the noken system is not applied, voters punched the ballot at the same time they put it into the ballot box. That’s why, according to Papua Bawaslu, the noken system often leads to misinterpretation.
“According to the Constitutional Court, the use of the noken system to substitute the ballot box is to respect the tradition of the local community,” said Metusalak.
Meanwhile, Theodorus Kossay, the Chairman of KPU Papua, said KPU Papua considers three aspects towards the application of the noken system, namely reviewing this system with academics, establishing the standard operating procedures and stimulating the use of this system.
“These three aspects were carried out to give weight to the implementation of the noken system and provide education to the people living in 14 districts that use the noken system,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
Editor : Pipiet Maizier

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ULMWP plans peaceful movements in seven indigenous territories




United Liberation Movement for West Papua Action Committee (ULMWP) team – Jubi / Hengky Yeimo

Jayapura, Jubi – ULMWP going to hold peaceful demonstrations in seven indigenous territories of West Papua on 24 – 28 September 2018.

Ice Murib, the spokesperson of action committee for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), stated in a press conference held in the Papuan Customary Council, Expo Waena on Wednesday (08/19/2018).

The central theme is to give full support to Vanuatu and other Pacific countries to address the issue of West Papua to the UN General Assembly 2019.

“We will conduct a peaceful movement in indigenous territories of Mamta and Animha on 24 September 2018 centred in Hollandia (Jayapura), whereas the same activities in other regions will be on the following dates,” said Murib.

Murib further said the delegations of ULMWP and Vanuatu are going to attend the 73rd UN General Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland. So far, Vanuatu has made a resolution enforcing the rights of self-determination for West Papua to be submitted at the hearing.

“They will also mobilise support from other countries to promote self-determination for West Papua,” continued Murib.

For this reason, he appealed to all people including students, civil servants and those who are care of independence to participate in the movement. “You can do whatever you want to celebrate it. Pray, do orations, give speeches and so on.”

In Jayapura, the rally will start from different points namely Expo, Lingkaran Abe and Dok V and then the mass will gather at Perumnas 3 Waena. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papua Governor: No more conflicts in Puncak Jaya




Illustration of Mulia City, Puncak Jaya Regency. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said Puncak Jaya District there should not be a stigma for Puncak Jaya District as a conflict area because it is not a killing field. In contrary, this area is safe and peaceful.

“I governed this region once, so I know what people want. For that reason, I ask the local government officials to be able to take care of the community so to avoid more conflicts,” told Enembe to reporters on Thursday (09/13/2018) at the Office of the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP).

Furthermore, the governor said to avoid conflicts between different tribes and groups; the government officials should not also act to represent their personal or group interests.

Separately, Papua Police Deputy Chief the Brigadier General Yakoubus Marjuki said that the police always try to use a subtle approach to solve conflicts in Papua.

“This is our commitment because we want every region in Papua to always be safe and peaceful including in Puncak Jaya.” (*)


Reporter: Roy Ratumakin

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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