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The Kwamki conflict, missinterpretation of tribal war

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Caption: Illustration of conflict in Kwamki Narama, Mimika District, Papua Province. – Jubi/Dok

Jayapura, Jubi – The elected legislator from Meepago customary area, John NR Gobai, gave his response to a conflict between villagers in Kwakmi Narama, Mimika District, Papua that has been occurred for several years.

He said this is not a tribal war. The terminology should be corrected, so people would stop to consider it as a conflict between one tribe to another. In a tribal war, he said, it is extremely not allowed to kill or even injure children, women or the elderly. Besides, a tribal war will be definitely started with a customary ritual. “This is not a tribal war. Please do not be misunderstood. There is should be something behind it,” Gobai told Jubi on Tuesday (6/3/2018).

He estimated the conflict in Kwamki that has occurred for about seven years is based on revenge or other reason. But whatever it is, he thought all of Papuans should be responsible to solve it to not be happening in the future.

“I questioned what was the intelligent done? How could they do not have any information about who’s behind this conflict? Who did supply the logistic or food supplies during the conflict?” He assumed that certain people are behind the conflict in Kwamki, because when it happened, the access to and outside of the area was closed, but the food supplies are always available. As a consequence of the conflict, people who live in the area, especially from Amungme and Komoro tribes felt uncomfortable.

He further said that one of the tasks of the Papua Governor in charge Soedarmo is to create peacefulness. Therefore, he asked him and the Papua House of Representative to form a team to solve the conflict in Kwanki. “Let’s us stop this conflict. The governor in charge, provincial legislators, regional governments and local legislators must sit together to find a solution,” he said.

Another Papuan legislator from Mimika Sub-district, Mathea Mamoyao, has a similar opinion. She thought the government, security officers and any related parties should solve up to the root of the problem. “I ask all related parties to see this conflict clearly. Bring back the peacefulness and comfort of people in Kwamki Narama,” she said.

Kwamki Conflict is becoming a business?

Mathea Mamoyao said the conflict between villagers that has been occurred every year in Kwamki Nrama, Mimika District is already becoming a business. She said it was occurred as an effect of the tradition of peace by paying ‘one head’ which value reaches to billions of rupiah.

She wants the chain of Kwamki conflict to be stopped immediately, so there are no more disputes between villagers.  Besides, she thought the ‘head paying’ system is a burden for the regional government because the money was occasionally taken from the regional budget.

“Where is the source of money to pay it? This ‘head paying’ system must be stopped because it seems to become a business opportunity,” said Mamoyao on Tuesday (6/3/2018).

She hopes the regional government to not spend the money to pay ‘the head’ to solve the conflict because this does not solve the problem.

Further, Mamayao, who is the secretary of first commission of the Papua House of Representative for legal and human rights, said there are certain parties who are behind the conflict that frequently occurred in Kwamki. Even though the conflict has occurred for months, people still had food supplies. This allegation is similar with Gobai’s. “Whereas the access in and out was closed,” said Mamayao who is a native of Komoro tribe. (*)

Arts & Culture

Jayapura presents Tanah Merah Maritime Festival in November

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The coastal indigenous dance performed at the Tanah Merah Maritime Festival last year. – Jubi / Engel Wally

Sentani, Jubi – the Local government of Jayapura District started a campaign introducing the Maritime Festival of Tanah Merah (FBTM) that will be held from 19 to 21 November 2018 in Entiyebo, Tablanusu Village, Depapre Sub-district.

FBFM, which held in 2014 for the first time, is part of the annual tourism agenda of the local government along with the Lake Sentani Festival.

The Acting Head of Culture and Tourism Office of Jayapura District Benyamin Yerisetouw said his office has campaigned about this event to some village heads and community leaders in the five coastal sub-districts within the district.

“Our target is, by 19 to 21 November, all communities can participate in this event, in particular, those from the coastal areas, as well as domestic and international tourists,” Yerisetouw explained when met in his office on Friday (9/14/2018).

Meanwhile, the Chairman of Indonesian Commerce of Chamber and Industry of Jayapura District Hengky Yoku said the economic development of the local community relies on its potential resources.

“This area has many activities which can promote the cultural history of the local community. When this comes in forms of festival or performance, there is an economic value that resulted from transactions of local community and visitors who attend the event.” (*)

 


Reporter: Engel Wally

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Arts & Culture

Taparu in Kamoro socioculture

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Kamoro women when sorting out sago caterpillars. – Jubi / Doc

Mimika, Jubi – Each clan in Kamoro has ‘taparu’ or a specific location as a place to find food sources when they encircle rivers and mangroves in the lowland estuary of Mimika District.

A Dutch anthropologist J Power states ‘taparu’ is a local terminology emphasizing the relations of land and its inhabitants. “There are also the names of surrounding neighborhoods taken from the ancestral names,” as written in a book “Taparu Fratri of Mimika-Kamoro ethnic groups in Hiripau Village, East Mimika District, Mimika Regency”, by Dessy Pola Usmany et al. from the Ministry Education and Culture Directorate General of Culture Papua Cultural Value Conservation Center, 2013.

‘Taparu’ itself is more related to groups who inhabit within this region or surrounding environment as Kamoro people always encircle the river and sago forest for catching fish or gathering food. Everyone knows their own ‘taparu’.

‘Taparu’ in Kamoro language means the land, while Sempan people call it ‘se iwake’. If someone wants to mark the land he passes in gathering food, he solely adds the prefix ‘we’ such as tumamero-we and efato-we in Omawka village.

Similarly, people in Nawaripi village also do the same. Their areas are including Tumukamiro-we, Viriao-we, and Iwiri-we. All of these names reflect the relationship between the land and inhabitants.

Meanwhile, like the majority of Kamoro people, Ojibwa people believe in the power of their late patrilineal clan that depicted in the symbols of animals. The anthropologists call these symbols with totems which mean a belief that embodies a symbolic representation of society.

Unfortunately, today taparu also face the severest challenges of sedimentation due to tailings of mining activity that cause the silting of river and discolouration of Mollusca habitat in the estuary of Mimika District. (*)

 

Reporter: Dominggus Mampioper

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Soedarmo: Papuan Coffee promoted in Boston and Paris

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The atmosphere of Papua Coffee Festival – Jubi / Alexander Loen

Jayapura, Jubi – Acting Papua Governor Soedarmo said Provincial Government is going to promote Papuan coffee to Boston and Paris shortly.

He revealed this agenda to reporters when opened the Papua Coffee Festival held in the parking of Bank Indonesia. Banks, local entrepreneurs and coffee farmers participated in this event.

“So, we are not only promoting Papuan coffee domestically but also abroad. Through our partner, we will participate in a coffee exhibition in Boston, whereas in September, I am going to send a team to participate in the exhibition held at the Eiffel Tower,” said Soedarmo on Friday (08/03/2018) in Jayapura.

According to him, the taste of Papuan coffee is not less delicious compared to coffee from other Indonesian regions or even other countries, because he has compared it with others. “I have met with the former Colombian Ambassador; then we compared Papuan coffee with Colombian coffee. But Papuan coffee is still better,” he said.

In the same place, Jayapura Mayor Benhur Tommy Mano claimed the municipal government is ready to support the provincial government in developing local commodities by promoting the local food in every event held by the municipal government.

“Indeed, we are not growing coffee here in Jayapura Municipality, but we are the biggest coffee connoisseurs,” Mano said. (*)

 

Reporter: Alexander Loen

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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