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This is why cassowary becomes extinct

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Cassowary tried to smuggle to Pangkal Pinang that stopped by East Java BKSDA at Juanda Airport, 17 November 2017 – Jubi / Timoteus Marten

Jayapura, Jubi – Cassowary, an endemic animal of Papua, is now endangered, both due to deforestation, illegal trading and poaching.

The Chairman of Nambluong Customary Council (DAS) Mathius Sawa, when met by Jubi on Saturday, 4 August 2018 in Nambluong, said in the past these birds were easy to find. They often perched in the village or on the trees nearby the people’s houses or river.

“Now, we even don’t hear its voice. We cannot see it anymore,” he said.

Sub-districts namely Nimboran, Namblong and Nimbokrang that are under Nambluong Customary Council’s administration have many species of the cassowary. Currently, there are four cassowary species found in Rhepang Muaif Ecotourism Village. Rhepang Muaif protected the forest, where located in Nimborkrang Sub-district, is known as the habitat of the four species of cassowary along with birds of paradise and other birds.

The environmental observer from Jayapura District Marshall Suebu asks all parties to protect the endangered animals in Papua. According to him, the cassowary is a wild animal of Papua that should be protected by the Law Number 5 of 1990 on the Conservation of Natural Resources.

“Stop killing the animals,” he told Jubi in Sentani on Friday, 17 August 2018.

Meanwhile, Femke den Haas from Jakarta Animal Aid Network (JAAN), a nonprofit organization that is concerned with animal protection in Indonesia which established in 2008, says animal trade in Papua is widespread.

“Animals in Papua are unique and beautiful, so many of them are targets to trade. “It’s wrong and needs to overcome unless these animals become extinct quickly,” he said.

Therefore, JAAN strives to stop wildlife trade in Indonesia, including Papua. For example, by regularly lobbying to promote citizens’ awareness, educate the community, and restore the stolen animals into their natural environment. For instance, JAAN together with the Natural Resources Conservation Office (BKSDA) of East Java returned eight cassowaries on 17 August 2018 to BKSDA Papua.

These cassowaries will previously be smuggled to Pangkal Pinang, Bangka, but stopped by BKSDA East Java on 17 November 2017 at Juanda Airport, Sidoarjo. The eight cassowaries then released in Rhepang Muaif once they arrived in Sentani, Jayapura.

“We’re happy to see them in Nimbokrang,” he further said.

Moreover, he said JAAN would continue to trace the development of these birds, either through GPS or by field monitoring in their habitat, especially in Nimbokrang.

Cassowary and bird of paradise are the icons of Papua’s endemic species, said the Head of Papua Natural Resouces Conservation Centre Timbul Batubara.

“These protected species are unique and priceless in the eyes of the national community, so why don’t we respect and love them?” said Batubara. (*)

 

Reporter: Timoteus Marten

Editor: Pipit Maizier

Arts & Culture

Taparu in Kamoro socioculture

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Kamoro women when sorting out sago caterpillars. – Jubi / Doc

Mimika, Jubi – Each clan in Kamoro has ‘taparu’ or a specific location as a place to find food sources when they encircle rivers and mangroves in the lowland estuary of Mimika District.

A Dutch anthropologist J Power states ‘taparu’ is a local terminology emphasizing the relations of land and its inhabitants. “There are also the names of surrounding neighborhoods taken from the ancestral names,” as written in a book “Taparu Fratri of Mimika-Kamoro ethnic groups in Hiripau Village, East Mimika District, Mimika Regency”, by Dessy Pola Usmany et al. from the Ministry Education and Culture Directorate General of Culture Papua Cultural Value Conservation Center, 2013.

‘Taparu’ itself is more related to groups who inhabit within this region or surrounding environment as Kamoro people always encircle the river and sago forest for catching fish or gathering food. Everyone knows their own ‘taparu’.

‘Taparu’ in Kamoro language means the land, while Sempan people call it ‘se iwake’. If someone wants to mark the land he passes in gathering food, he solely adds the prefix ‘we’ such as tumamero-we and efato-we in Omawka village.

Similarly, people in Nawaripi village also do the same. Their areas are including Tumukamiro-we, Viriao-we, and Iwiri-we. All of these names reflect the relationship between the land and inhabitants.

Meanwhile, like the majority of Kamoro people, Ojibwa people believe in the power of their late patrilineal clan that depicted in the symbols of animals. The anthropologists call these symbols with totems which mean a belief that embodies a symbolic representation of society.

Unfortunately, today taparu also face the severest challenges of sedimentation due to tailings of mining activity that cause the silting of river and discolouration of Mollusca habitat in the estuary of Mimika District. (*)

 

Reporter: Dominggus Mampioper

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Avoiding conflicts of interest on indigenous land mapping

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The finalization of the formation of task force team for indigenous areas mapping in Jayapura District. -Jubi/Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – The indigenous land mapping in Jayapura District is very important, but it should be noted that it might have a tendency of contestation or conflict of interest among communities.

According to an anthropologist at the University of Papua I Ngurah Suryawan, the claim of land has a long history of dynamic and inconsistent movements. It needs a thorough study of the form of the indigenous land mapping, as it is inherent in the rights of indigenous people.

“Speaking of this, the indigenous people’s land’s right is currently facing a strong onslaught of change. “People are busy talking about land rights, but then they just see how their land was taken by companies, their relatives or other clans of family,” said Ngurah on Thursday (9/6/2018).

Meanwhile, Jayapura Regent Mathius Awoitauw has also formed a task force to do mapping on the indigenous territories. The task force chaired the Regional Secretary of Jayapura District which members are including the Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN), NGOs and indigenous communities.

“The task force was launched on Friday (5/9/2018) after many consultation and finalization among members and communities.” (*)

 

Reporter: Timoteus Marten

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Environment

Two hectares of forest area burned in Wasur National Park

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Forest fires in Wasur National Park area, Merauke Regency. – Jubi / Frans L Kobun

Merauke, Jubi – Eleven firefighters of the Firefighter Brigade of Forest and Land Control of Merauke was trying to put out of the fire on Wasur National Park area following the forest fires in the past few days.

Sukamto, the Head of Firefighter Brigade told reporters on Friday (7/9/2018) that the forest fires in Wasur National Park were identified yesterday so that his team went to the fire spot immediately.

He explained that approximately two hectares of forest area in Wasur National Park burned, although the firefighter team tried to blackouts of fire using both manual and semi-mechanics water pumps. “We don’t know yet what caused the fire. However, it is more likely the human’s factor,” he said.

Meanwhile, Sota Police Chief the Adjunct Police Commissionaire Ma’ruf states the police have provided an understanding to local communities in villages to encourage people not to burn the forest in dry season.

“If this habit still continues, it might give a negative impact on the forest ecosystems,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Frans L Kobun

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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