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Two years since Jokowi ‘s promises, Papua remains closed

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Indonesia President, Joko Widodo in Wamena, Desember 2014 – Jubi/Islami

Jayapura, Jubi – Two days before May 3 of World Press Freedom Day, violence was again experienced by Yance Wenda, a journalist at tabloidjubi.com and Koran Jubi in Papua. Earlier on April 28, 2017 three television journalists from Metro TV, Jaya TV and TVRI also got intimidation and death threats while covering the violation of election criminal trial of Tolikara District Court in Wamena District Court.

Yance was beaten by the police on Monday May 1 in Sentani, Jayapura District, while covering the arrest of West Papua National Committee (KNPB) activists who plan to commemorate May 1, which they called a day the annexation of Papua by Indonesia.

Two cases of violence within a week confirmed that legal protection for journalists, as regulated by Law No. 40 of 1999 on Press is a rare thing in Papua.

Violence against journalists in Papua continues, confirming the poor press freedom in this region, fulfilled the censorship practice by blocking a number of Papuan news sites that are critical of the central government’s policy on the issue of Papua.

The Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) of Jayapura City noted that from 2015 to early 2016, only 15 foreign journalists were allowed to get into Papua. Tabloidjubi.com wrote, Radio New Zealand International journalist Johnny Blades claimed it took three months to get an entry visa to Papua.

“Despite having a visa coverage in Papua, Blades was rejected by the police and TNI when they were about to confirm some of the coverage they got. France Radio journalist Marie Dumieres is also looked by the police for coverage in Papua, ” said the newspaper’s chief executive Jubi and tabloidjubi.com, Victor Mambor.

March this year Franck Jean Pierre Escudie and Basille Marie Longchamp were deported. Not long ago, Al Jazeera writer Jack Hewson, when he was about to leave Indonesia, was told he would not be able to enter the country. Whereas, Hewson said he was currently in the process of filing a request for permission coverage in Papua.

Statement by the President of Indonesia Joko Widodo that Papua is open to foreign journalists’ coverage far from the fire.

72 cases of violence

Papua is clearly one of the worst areas in enforcing the Press Law, as well as guaranteeing legal protection for journalists. However, in other parts of Indonesia, violence against journalists also continues to occur.

Based on data collected by AJI Indonesia, during May 2016 until April 2017 there have been 72 cases of violence experienced by journalists who run their profession. The case of violence was even dominated by a form of physical violence, which reached 38 cases. Expulsion and/or prohibition of coverage is also rife, with the findings of 14 cases.

The data compiled by AJI Indonesia also shows how serious is the violence. Among the 72 cases, nine violent cases were deliberately committed to rob or destroy data, photos, video recordings obtained by journalists in the field. In addition, there are two cases of criminalization.

AJI Indonesia also noted that there are still serious threats and terror to journalists (seven cases). In addition, there were two cases of verbal intimidation, including intimidation by a chairman of the regional parliament.

Of the 72 cases of violence that occurred during May 2016 until April 2017, a total of 21 cases of which were conducted by civilian residents. Other actors include cadres of political parties / politicians / and members of parliament (seven cases), Civil Service Police Unit and other local government apparatus (six cases), government officials policy makers (four cases), even legal professions such as advocates (one case) , A judge (one case) became a perpetrator of violence against journalists.

AJI Indonesia’s demands

In its demands AJI Indonesia declares the police to be the main enemy of press freedom in Indonesia in 2017, with its personnel continuing to engage in various cases of violence, and continue to practice impunity that makes perpetrators of violence against journalists free from legal liability.

They requested that the legal protection of the profession of journalists be enforced as regulated by Law No. 40/1999 on the Press throughout Indonesia, especially in Papua. By stopping the practice of violence, intimidation, restriction and prohibition of coverage, as well as censorship such as blocking a number of news sites in Papua;

They also demanded that access to foreign journalists ‘coverage in Papua be opened, ensuring that every foreign journalist is given the freedom to cover objectively the various dimensions of life in Papua, so that the international community gets a complete picture of the Papuans’ political, economic, and socio-cultural situation.(*)

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Freeport’s one percent fund cannot guarantee Kamoro’s future

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Mathea Mamayou, a native Kamoro woman whose tribe affected tailings produced by PT Freeport Indonesia. – Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – The Secretary for the Government, Politics, Law and Human Rights Commission of the Papua House of Representatives Mathea Mamoyao, who is also a Kamoro native, said ‘one percent fund’, 1% of Freeport’s gross revenues go to the local tribes, does not guarantee the sustainable future of those tribes.

“I don’t know whether this compensation is still there or not. I don’t want certain people took advantages on it, while people are still living under the poverty,” she told Jubi on Wednesday (18/7/2018).

Further, she said what she wants is a guarantee for the Kamoro tribe to live in a better condition in the future. But the fact is the education and health services in the Kamoro region is still poor. “For all the times, I’ll keep talking about it, because as a native, I don’t want the young generation of my tribe not to survive in the future,” she said.

Meanwhile, the board of Meepago Customary Council John NR Gobai said indigenous peoples as the tenure landowners collect the promise of the Indonesian Government on the bargain involved Freeport, the Central Government and the landowners on 4 September 2017.

“At that time, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Ignatius Jonan agreed to accommodate the request of Amungme tribe asking Freeport to give a reimbursement of 1% fund which they received as the Corporate Social Responsibly funds into larger value shares,” he said. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Military could only arise trauma among locals

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Student activists from BEM Uncen and PMKRI speak during press releases. -Jubi / Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of Student Executive Board of the Cenderawasih University (BEM UNCEN) Paskalis Boma asks Papua Police to withdraw officers from Nduga District to prevent people from trauma.

He said the attack by the police officers occurred in Langguru and Kenyam on 11 July 2018 was very violent. “Nduga is part of Indonesia. If the police want to attack the National Liberation Army and Free Papua Movement (TPN/OPM), they shouldn’t harm the civilians,” he told Jubi on Wednesday (19/7/2018).

Further, he said the military’s attack in Nduga District was excessive as they attacked unarmed people whereas they were well-equipped. “People don’t carry weapons; they can’t fight back. They can’t do it because they are the citizens of Indonesia. This incident remains a scar and is rooted in the hearth of the local Nduga community. It only arises a fear.”

Meanwhile, Benediktus Bame, the Chairman of the Catholic Students Association of Indonesia (PMKRI) St Efrem Jayapura, the government could apply some human approaches towards the TPN/OPM. “The action taken by the government officials was very excessive. It would only arise a fear among the local people,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Papuan Liberation Movement wants dialogue

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Members of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua at a Melanesian Spearhead Group summit in 2013: Paula Makabori, Dr John Ondawame, Rex Rumakiek. – RNZ / Johnny Blades

The United Liberation Movement for West Papua supports the idea of dialogue with Indonesia as long as it is mediated internationally, the movement’s secretary says.

Indonesia’s government of Joko Widodo has recently made overtures to West Papuan customary and civil society leaders for dialogue over a range of issues in Papua region.

Secretary Rex Rumakiek said the push for dialogue was not a bad thing.

“But dialogue internationally, not Indonesian type of dialogue that resulted in 1969’s Act of Free Choice. That’s the type of dialogue Indonesia wants. We are not going to go back to that approach,” Mr Rumakiek said.

“We want an international dialogue and the best place to dialogue is the United Nations general assembly. Let us vote on the issue.”

The movement hoped to have questions over the legitimacy of the self-determination act under which West Papua was incorporated into Indonesia debated by the UN General Assembly in the next year or two, Mr Rumakiek said.

Since being admitted to the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in 2015 with observer status in the regional grouping, the movement has had more opportunities to engage with Indonesia, which enjoys associate member status in the MSG.

The dynamic between the two parties, however, is clearly strained, as Indonesia’s government has characterised the movement as a separatist group that does not represent Papuans.

The full MSG members – Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and New Caledonia’s Kanaks – have been working to facilitate dialogue between the movement and Indonesia

“We can talk direct to them with the MSG members as witnesses. That is what we call a third party” Mr Rumakiek explained.

“We cannot talk direct to Indonesia by ourselves, but with the MSG facilitating. We try to avoid other people speaking on our behalf. The MSG is trying to arrange for meetings (between the West Papuans and Indonesia’s government).”

Meanwhile, the Australia-based Mr Rumakiek said the movement was disturbed by the reports from Papua’s remote Nduga regency that Indonesian security forces and the West Papua National Liberation Army had exchanged gunfire in recent weeks.

Three people were killed in an attack on police at the local airport two weeks ago during regional elections. A faction of the Liberation Army – which is not directly linked to the United Liberation Movement for West Papua – claimed responsibility.

Following the attack, about a thousand extra police and military personnel deployed to Nduga as part of a joint operation.

They have been conducting an aerial campaign over the Alguru area in pursuit of the Liberation Army, with unconfirmed reports saying at least two Papuans have been shot dead and others injured in recent days.

The Indonesian aerial operations over Alguru echoed previous military operations in the area, which devastated the livelihoods of Papuan villagers, Mr Rumakiek said.

“They are applying the same strategy that they bomb villages and chasing the people who live in the bush, so the after effects are much more serious than the actual destruction itself,” he said.

“Those people, when they come back to their village there will be nothing left for them to return to because the schools and clinics are destroyed and the churches are destroyed.”

But in a statement, Indonesia’s military said reports that security forces were conducting airstrikes or dropping bombs in Nduga were a hoax.

Military forces were working with police in “law enforcement activities” in Alguru, it said. (*)

 

Source: radionz.co

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