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10 People in Kaptel District, Merauke, Has Leprosy

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Merauke residents carrying firewood - farmlandgrab.org

Merauke residents carrying firewood – farmlandgrab.org

Merauke, Jubi – The head of Kaptel Health Center, Mariam Wangguway said 10 residents in two villages in Merauke suffered from leprosy and are being treated on a regular basis.

“It is true that about 10 people are suffering from leprosy. I’ve just served for a couple of months, so I do not know for sure when the disease began to spread, “she said to the Jubi on Wendesday (02/09/15)

According to her, besides adults, there are also children who are infected and most spreading through breathing. So that when the immune system is not strong, it will automatically attacked slowly. And leprosy infection starts to emerge in the next 5 years.
“I visited two of the village, and see directly their condition. We from health center routinely provide health care, especially medical aid that can be consumed on a regular basis, “she added.

Separately head of health department in Merauke, Stephen Osok added, health department always instruct the medical staff there to routinely give attention to some of the people who suffered from the disease.
“We also routinely distribute drugs every month to the clinic, as well as given to them,” he added. (Frans L Kobun/Tina)

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Tuberculosis is still a major problem in Jayapura Regency

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Jayapura, Jubi – Jayapura District Health Office conduct a public consultation on the Regional Action Plans (RAD) on the tuberculosis control ahead to the elimination of tuberculosis for Jayapura Regency 2030.

Giri Wijayantoro who represented Jayapura Regent said TB is a public health problem that turns to a challenge worldwide and Indonesia is one of the countries with high TB prevalence.

“Based on the survey on TB prevalence 2013-2014, TB prevalence has reached 1,600,000 cases while the incident of TB is 1,000,000 cases. Meanwhile, the mortality caused by TB is 100,000 cases,” Giri said in Sentani on Thursday (29/11/2018).

Meanwhile, in Jayapura Regency, TB is still a principal health problem that causes a high mortality rate. In 2017, there were 30 people died of tuberculosis after malaria, traffic accidents and other causes.

“The objective of the consultation of the regional action plan on TB control to the public and regional government offices is to obtain feedback as well as to reduce the tuberculosis prevalence in Jayapura Regency and Papua Province,” said Giri.

In the meantime, Khairul Lie, the Head of Jayapura District Health Office hopes that all stakeholders will involve in the preparation of the Regional Action Plan.

“We want the number of new cases to decrease by 90% and to reduce the mortality rate to 95% based on the cases occurred from 2014 to the present. These steps will include in the RAD,” he explained.

Based on the survey 2014, there are 324,000 cases which TB case detection in Indonesia is around 32 %.

“There are 68% cases identified as not treated or have been treated but have not been recorded by the program. this has spurred the handling of national TB control to continue the intensification, acceleration and innovation of programs through a national strategy to tackle tuberculosis,” said Giri. (*)

 

Reporter: Yance Wenda

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Government should pay more attention addressing HIV-AIDS in Papua

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Ojeg driver participated in a workshop about HIV/AIDS in Enarotali, Paniai organised by YAPKEMA NGO – Jubi/Yapkema

HIV-AIDS still becomes a ‘scary ghost’ for Papua Province.

A data released by the Ministry of Health in March recorded that within 12 years (2005-2017) the number of people living with AIDS in Papua has reached 19,729. This number is the highest rate among other Indonesian provinces, while the total of AIDS cases in Indonesia is 102.667.

The second highest rate of AIDS occurred in East Java for 18,243, following by Jakarta at 9,215, Central Java at 8,170, Bali at 7,441 and West Java at 6,502. However, the data showed that Papua Province is at the third rank for the number of people living with the HIV (29,083) compared to Jakarta (51,981) and East Java (39,633). Following Papua in the fourth and fifth ranks are West Java and East Java with 28,964 and 22,292 cases respectively.

Given the fact that the number of population in Papua Province is lesser than the provinces of Jakarta, East Java and West Java, it makes Papua becoming the province with the highest case rate of AIDS in Indonesia until December 2017. The case rate is cumulative of the number of people living with, died from AIDS and the total number of HIV-AIDS cases per 1000,000 population.

The case rate for Papua Province is 620,56 which 18,149 people living with AIDS and 1,580 people died from AIDS during 1987-2017, whereas West Papua Province is in the second place; at 216,46 including 1,699 people living with AIDS and 42 died from AIDS.

The updated figure for HIV-AIDS cases per 30 September 2018 in Papua Province is 38,874. It shows that Nabire Regency has the highest HIV-AIDS cases (7,420) and it followed by Jayapura Municipality at 6,189, Jayawijaya Regency at 5,964, Mimika Regency at 5,670 and Jayapura Regency at 2,918.

Most cases occurred in Papua are due to sexual intercourse with several partners which reach 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS), whereas another factor is the Most cases or risk factors occurred in Papua due to sexual intercourse with several partners are 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS). Another factor is the transmission from mother to child that reaches 212 for HIV and 473 for AIDS.

Responding to this situation, the Chairman of AIDS Commission (KPA) of Papua Province Constant Karma told Jubi on Wednesday, 22 November 2018, that firstly people must fully understand about the transmission of HIV.

He said HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids if we have direct contact with wounds on the skin or open mucous membranes of people who already infected, such as mouth, nose, vagina, rectum and penis’ external urethral.

“HIV can also be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex, as well as contact with blood and other body fluids. But kissing can be safe if both partners have no sore or mouth sprue. Touching, hugging and normal interacting with people infected with HIV are also safe,” he said.

He recommends people to have safe sex by using a condom and avoiding touching blood or other people’s body fluids.

“We never know who has HIV, because there is no stereotype and perhaps people don’t realise that they are already infected. So avoid to have direct contact with blood and body fluids of other people because it might have risks for HIV transmission, especially if we have open sores on any part of our body,” he said.

Karma said that the high rate of HIV-AIDS in Papua was due to people are still reluctant to conduct examinations.

“This figure indicates that the rate of people who already entered the stage of AIDS. It becomes a problem because if they get at this stage, it will be difficult to recover their condition,” he said.

Karma also said that KPA still difficulties related to funds to reduce the number of people living with HIV-AIDS in Papua. “In the past, we have collaborated with some international NGOs but not anymore because Indonesia currently regarded as a developed country. Therefore these NGOs are paying more attention to other developing countries,” he said.

Moreover, he said KPA Papua’s funds are insufficient to cover all areas of Papua, especially the mountain areas.

AIDS prevalence has reduced since 2014

Head of the Technical Implementation Unit for AIDS, TB and Malaria, Papua Health Office, dr. Beery Wopari, said that since 2014 HIV and AIDS cases in Papua had decreased, although not too significant.

“In 2014 there were 4,452 new cases found in 29 regencies and municipality, but until 2018 there were 1,993 new cases detected or found,” he said.  It means that most people are willing to conduct health examinations or do early detection of the disease, explained Wopari.

“Although it is undeniable that many people are still reluctant to conduct medical checks,” he said.

Wopari hopes that the elimination process carried out by Nabire Regency which has the highest HIV-AIDS rate can be emulated by other districts in Papua Province. Nabire District Health Office has carried out medical checks for people who come for treatment at the community centres.

“The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nabire is currently growing. There is a regulation that requires all community centres in Nabire to carry out the preliminary tests to all patients who come for treatment to reduce it. “It is good so that we can treat people who have been infected with HIV before the patient enters the stage of AIDS,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Roy Ratumakin

Editor: Pipit Maizier 

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Bridging drops out children with Papua Learning Movement

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GPM activity in Buper Waena – Jubi/Agus PabikaG

Jayapura, Jubi – “Mom leaves home for gardening at 5 in the morning when we are the children are still sleeping. When I woke up, I found out there was no breakfast, felt hungry but was already late. So what else should I do except going to school even though I am hungry? But I have to walk. After school, I must cook our lunch, just rice and it’s enough as long as we have salt and oil. They say it’s not good for our health…hahahaha (laughing), but I don’t care. My stomach is what I care more.”

This short article written by Eva, a girl from Jayapura who tells about her sister and her experience to be left home by their mother when she works in the garden and then sells their harvested crops in the market has posted on the blog “papuamengajar.blogspot. Eva is one of the dozens of children who attend the learning activity initiated by Gerakan Papua Mengajar (GPM – a teaching movement community).
At GPM, every child with a different background study in one room where they learn drawing, counting, listening folktales, reading, laughing and having fun together.
GPM is a voluntary based community that established in 2013 to provide free education for children from the low-income family. “We found many of dropout school children playing around the markets and terminals,” said Alex Giay, a teacher as well as one of the founders.
So far, GPM has accommodated free education for 65 children aged up to 15. They conduct learning activities in two locations, three days in Buper and three days in Kotaraja and open from 15.30 to 18.00 at Papua time. Children often learn on the porch of a house or church.
They also divide children into three learning groups. Level one is consisting of pre-school aged and first-grade children who generally illiterate. So that in this group, they learn basic maths and the alphabet.
Meanwhile, level two is for those who already know how to read and count but need to advance their skills. They are generally the first and third-grade elementary students. Then, those who have advanced reading and counting skills join the level three. They are mostly the pupils of fourth grade and junior high schools.
According to Giay, GPM is also a response to their concern towards the condition of children who become victims of urban development; their parents work whole days from morning till evening for a living which often left children without supervision. As a result, they become less educated.  “We pay attention to suburban children who often marginalised from development,” he said.
As it is a voluntary based movement, teachers come from different backgrounds including fresh graduate and voluntarily teach the children. Sometimes, GPM invites journalists or writers to teach children how to write a poem, short stories or their experience.
Meanwhile, those who learn at GPM are not only dropped out of school children but also those who are still studying in formal schools like Elvius Wakur. This 13-year-old boy goes to SMP YPPK Padang Bulan from morning till mid-day and joins the class at GPM in the afternoon.
“Later I want to be a teacher so that I can teach children like my teachers of GPM,” said Elvius who admits he loves reading folktales and counting.
During their five years activities, Giay observed there is no serious action taken by the government such as rehabilitates drops out children to school. “So far the government has no special attention to drops out children, they focus more on formal education. Up to now, none of these children has returned to school,” he said.
It’s ironic to compare his statement with the achievement of Jayapura Municipal Government as child-friendly city awarded by the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment, Child Protection and Family Planning in a luxury place in Surabaya in July this year. (*)
Reporter: Agus Pabika
Editor: Pipit Maizier

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