Jayapura Jubi – At least 100 people from Papuan Student Alliance (AMP) and the Indonesian’s Front for West Papua (FRI West Papua) were arrested in Yogyakarta, Semarang and Jakarta during the anniversary to protest 55 years of New York Agreement.
The protest actions by AMP and FRI West Papua were conducted in several cities in Java Island such as Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Malang, Semarang, Bandung, and also in Ternate City, North Maluku.
All the action in the cities of Java was thwarted and dissolved by various pro-Indonesia Unity (NKRI) mass organizations and local police officers. According the official facebook account of AMP, there were injured victims from those detained includes some accompanying lawyers.
In Semarang it was reported that 47 people were taken to Semarang Resort Police Station, even included two lawyers from Semarang Legal Aid Institute (PBH) who then gave legal assistance for the protest.
According to Hupla Sobolim who monitored the action in Semarang Tuesday (August 15), explained that the police had blocked their rally even before arriving at the meeting point at Diponegoro Statue.
“Dozens action participants were intercepted by the police and asked us to dismiss for reasons of no permission. But in fact we have sent the letter of notification, but the police rejected to issue the permit,” he said.
The same thing was experienced by dozens of action participants in other cities in Java. The police dispersed the crowd for not having permission to take to the streets, while the organizers had sent a notice.
The police also threatened for the protest should not be held since there are counter-organizations which against the demands of Papuans. And the police choose to let the counter-organization to conduct their act instead of pro Papuan protest action.
Hupla went on to say that he saw the protest coordinator, Januarius Adii, while given speech, suddenly dragged by the police and forced him into the police car. “His dreadlocked hair is pulled by the police,” he said.
“In addition, the police also pulled one of the lawyers from LBH Semarang, Rizky Putra Edry. Both (Janus and Rizky) were transported into a police truck,” said Hupla.
The protest participants require both to be released and demanded to stay on the road. “Finally, all the masses were pushed into police trucks,” Hupla said, explaining that the police were also transporting Nico Andi Wauran, another LBH Semarang lawyer, and was forced to squat as he was being held by police.
The police took 17 posters and 1 banner from the action.
While in Yogyakarta, 29 people were also arrested without having held the action. Since early in the morning, the police and Jogja Rembug (Katon Paksi), a local pro NKRI organization has been gathered at the action point and watch for the crowd to come.
“At 10 am two police cars, 3 police trucks, 10 police motorbikes, 1 water cannon, and more than 100 police and 30 Jogja Rembug (Katon Paksi) mass organizations are on guard,” according to a chronology received by Jubi from Emanuel Gobay, a LBH Yogyakarta lawyer, Tuesday (August 15).
The Paksi Kator also marched in front of AMP and FRI West Papua crowd while chanted, “Separatist, hit, hit, hit, communist, beat, beat, beat. NKRI harga mati (NKRI is a death price or no negotiation for NKRI)”.
But dozens of people from AMP and FRI West Papua try to push through their action. It was then they were herded into a police truck again.
At 6 PM local time, they were finally released. “FRI West Papua and AMP of Yogyakarta City, amounted to 29 people, all have been released,” said Emanuel to Jubi.
In Jakarta, 24 people were still detained at Jakarta Metropolitan Police. There are five victims of injuries. They were all released later of the evening at about 9.30 PM local time.
While in Malang, the action was also dissolved. One man claimed to have sustained a head injury after being punched by a civillian militia member after he shouted “merdeka”, a common cry for Papuan freedom
Approximately 30 participants gathered at Gajayana Stadium since the morning. They were intercepted by pro NKRI mass organizations such as Pemuda Pancasila, GM FKPPI and some religious mass organizations with religious attributes such of turban, white cap and Muslim long clothing while holding a red and white flag. They shouted a slogan of NKRI is a death price.
The New York Agreement signed on August 15, 1962 between the Netherlands and Indonesia related to the fate of West New Guinea. The agreement was deemed not to represent indigenous Papuans because it did not involve representatives of West New Guinea.
It is said as the US-brokered deal under which the Netherlands agreed to transfer control of West Papua to Indonesia, pending a UN-administered plebiscite.
The agreement then paved the way for 1969’s Act of Free Choice which gave Indonesia control of the former Dutch New Guinea. Many Papuans say the process was undemocratic and a betrayal.(*)
Editor: Zely Ariane
West Papua National Liberation Army: It’s an attack, not execution
Jayapura, Jubi – West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB) finally spoke up regarding the murder accusation over them. They admitted being responsible for the shooting of people identified as the employees of PT. Istaka Karya that are building the Trans-Papua road.
Papuans’ trust towards Jokowi has diminish regarding human rights solving
Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of the Papuan Customary Council Dominikus Surabut said that President Joko Widodo’s policy regarding cases of alleged violations of human rights in Papua raised a sceptical trust of Papuans over him.
“It added a sceptical trust among Papuans, especially the victims’ families,” Surabut told Jubi at his office on Tuesday (27/11/2018) in Waena, Jayapura City, Papua.
Moreover, he said that during his administration there were 7,000 Papuans detained by police in peaceful demonstrations. It’s the highest number in the last decade.
And this distrust increased after the appointment of General Andika Perkasa as the Indonesian Army Chief. In the past, he was a member of the military operation in Papua, but his particular tasks were not explicit.
Some media have released about the involvement of General Andika in the murder of charismatic Papuan leader Theys Hiyo Eluai on 10 November 2001 in Jayapura, Papua.
Theys is the Chairman of Papua Presidium Council (PDP), a political organisation that fights for the independence of Papua that established during the administration of President Abdurrahman Wahid and was not popular among the Indonesian Military.
Indoprogress.com said that Andika’s involvement in the murder of Theys has never thoroughly investigated. His alleged involvement in the case revealed by a letter sent by Agus Zihof, the father of a defendant Captain Inf. Rionardo. Zihow who’s a retired army sent a letter to the Former Indonesian Military Chief General Ryamizard Ryacudu.
In his letter, Zihof said that his son was forced to confess to killing Theys by a man named Major Andika Perkasa. He also revealed that Andika promised to give his son a good position in the Indonesian State Intelligent Agency because his father-in-law was an influential person there. A special investigation team formed to investigate the murder case of Theys to examine Andika Perkasa.
Furthermore, Surabut said with human rights violators from the past surround him, Jokowi would never encounter the humanitarian problem in Indonesia.
Separately, President of the Synode of Baptiste Church of Papua, Dr Sokratez Sofyan Yoman, said President Joko Widodo seems to prioritize the formal events rather than the primary development in Papua.
“There is no significant change. Jokowi performs a play” said Yoman.
Moreover, he said Papuans do not require impromptu visits, acting, or carrying children during his visits, waving and smiling.
People amazed by his charming and that he has made ten official visits to Papua. But, He’s not aware that he never touch the main problem in Papua which is respecting human dignity instead of infrastructure development.
“We don’t need money. Our dignity is priceless. Money cannot measure it,” he said.
The more important is that he respects the dignity of Papuans by stopping all forms of violence and investigating who’s behind it because of 7,000 Papuans detained by the police during his administration. (*)
Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Government should pay more attention addressing HIV-AIDS in Papua
HIV-AIDS still becomes a ‘scary ghost’ for Papua Province.
A data released by the Ministry of Health in March recorded that within 12 years (2005-2017) the number of people living with AIDS in Papua has reached 19,729. This number is the highest rate among other Indonesian provinces, while the total of AIDS cases in Indonesia is 102.667.
The second highest rate of AIDS occurred in East Java for 18,243, following by Jakarta at 9,215, Central Java at 8,170, Bali at 7,441 and West Java at 6,502. However, the data showed that Papua Province is at the third rank for the number of people living with the HIV (29,083) compared to Jakarta (51,981) and East Java (39,633). Following Papua in the fourth and fifth ranks are West Java and East Java with 28,964 and 22,292 cases respectively.
Given the fact that the number of population in Papua Province is lesser than the provinces of Jakarta, East Java and West Java, it makes Papua becoming the province with the highest case rate of AIDS in Indonesia until December 2017. The case rate is cumulative of the number of people living with, died from AIDS and the total number of HIV-AIDS cases per 1000,000 population.
The case rate for Papua Province is 620,56 which 18,149 people living with AIDS and 1,580 people died from AIDS during 1987-2017, whereas West Papua Province is in the second place; at 216,46 including 1,699 people living with AIDS and 42 died from AIDS.
The updated figure for HIV-AIDS cases per 30 September 2018 in Papua Province is 38,874. It shows that Nabire Regency has the highest HIV-AIDS cases (7,420) and it followed by Jayapura Municipality at 6,189, Jayawijaya Regency at 5,964, Mimika Regency at 5,670 and Jayapura Regency at 2,918.
Most cases occurred in Papua are due to sexual intercourse with several partners which reach 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS), whereas another factor is the Most cases or risk factors occurred in Papua due to sexual intercourse with several partners are 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS). Another factor is the transmission from mother to child that reaches 212 for HIV and 473 for AIDS.
Responding to this situation, the Chairman of AIDS Commission (KPA) of Papua Province Constant Karma told Jubi on Wednesday, 22 November 2018, that firstly people must fully understand about the transmission of HIV.
He said HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids if we have direct contact with wounds on the skin or open mucous membranes of people who already infected, such as mouth, nose, vagina, rectum and penis’ external urethral.
“HIV can also be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex, as well as contact with blood and other body fluids. But kissing can be safe if both partners have no sore or mouth sprue. Touching, hugging and normal interacting with people infected with HIV are also safe,” he said.
He recommends people to have safe sex by using a condom and avoiding touching blood or other people’s body fluids.
“We never know who has HIV, because there is no stereotype and perhaps people don’t realise that they are already infected. So avoid to have direct contact with blood and body fluids of other people because it might have risks for HIV transmission, especially if we have open sores on any part of our body,” he said.
Karma said that the high rate of HIV-AIDS in Papua was due to people are still reluctant to conduct examinations.
“This figure indicates that the rate of people who already entered the stage of AIDS. It becomes a problem because if they get at this stage, it will be difficult to recover their condition,” he said.
Karma also said that KPA still difficulties related to funds to reduce the number of people living with HIV-AIDS in Papua. “In the past, we have collaborated with some international NGOs but not anymore because Indonesia currently regarded as a developed country. Therefore these NGOs are paying more attention to other developing countries,” he said.
Moreover, he said KPA Papua’s funds are insufficient to cover all areas of Papua, especially the mountain areas.
AIDS prevalence has reduced since 2014
Head of the Technical Implementation Unit for AIDS, TB and Malaria, Papua Health Office, dr. Beery Wopari, said that since 2014 HIV and AIDS cases in Papua had decreased, although not too significant.
“In 2014 there were 4,452 new cases found in 29 regencies and municipality, but until 2018 there were 1,993 new cases detected or found,” he said. It means that most people are willing to conduct health examinations or do early detection of the disease, explained Wopari.
“Although it is undeniable that many people are still reluctant to conduct medical checks,” he said.
Wopari hopes that the elimination process carried out by Nabire Regency which has the highest HIV-AIDS rate can be emulated by other districts in Papua Province. Nabire District Health Office has carried out medical checks for people who come for treatment at the community centres.
“The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nabire is currently growing. There is a regulation that requires all community centres in Nabire to carry out the preliminary tests to all patients who come for treatment to reduce it. “It is good so that we can treat people who have been infected with HIV before the patient enters the stage of AIDS,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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