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HIV/AIDS Transmission from Mother to Child High in Papua

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Jayapura, Jubi – Cases of HIV/AIDS transmission cases from mother to child are the second largest after heterosexual transmission in Papua, the Papua Health Office said in its quarterly report per 31 March 2016.

Cases of heterosexual transmission reached 24,543 while the transmission from mother to child reached 460 cases (141 HIV and 319 AIDS). The third higher case is the unidentified transmission, namely 124 cases (60 HIV and 64 AIDS).

The Head of Papua Health Office, drg. Aloysias Giay said the Ministry of Health urged the provincial office to restrain the number. “We have been asked to restrain the number that nationally reach 25,215 of the existing cases, but it grows faster,” he said by phone on Monday (27/6/2016).

He worried about the increment of identified cases, but from the point of health service, they have made an achievement because the more cases are identified, it helped to identify its cares and preventions.

“We could be considered being success in identifying the number of cases, therefore we can provide assistance to the patients and provide the understanding to those who have nor yet transmitted,” he said.

He said the provincial office keep continuing to reduce the number of HIV/AIDS patients. One of the actions taken is by establishing the health task unit for the villages. “We have sent the team to the villages. They are now in the villages to provide assistance for the local community,” he said.

Papua human right activist Paneas Lokbere said the number of patients is increasingly raised but the government’s act in preventing the transmission of this disease has not given impact every year. “Sometimes ago the government was busy with the media campaign but now it’s rarely broadcasted, also the billboards on the street,” he said. (Benny Mawel).

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Budget regulation causes delay on Papuan scholarship scheme

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Photo of George Mason University courtesy of university. – doc / patch.com

Jayapura, Jubi – Anthony Mirin, the Head of Papua Human Resources Development Department of Special Autonomy Bureau of Papua Provincial Secretariat, finally responded to the rumours of deportation of several Papuan students from the United States.

“I already made sure no one deported. There are those who deliberately take advantage of this issue. The world ‘deportation’ is exaggerating,” said Mirin in a release on Saturday (5/1/2019).

Earlier seven Papuan students studying at George Mason University in Virginia, USA reportedly would be deported due to the late payment of their tuition fee of 2019 by the provincial government of Papua. It also said that the government still not pay some allowances including the housing cost for 2019, health insurance funds for 2018 and 2019 and living cost from October to December 2018.

Regarding the financial allowances, Mirin said the government already transferred the latest living cost allowance for the students in 2018. “Meanwhile, the living cost allowance from January to April 2019 will process on Monday due to the public holidays. People return to the office after Christmas and New Year break,” he said.

He also suggested the students to not worry about the tuition fees because the provincial government has managed it. To avoid misunderstanding, he encouraged the students who have not received clear information about this to further communicate with the bureau.

However, he said he much appreciated all feedbacks, but asked people to take away their negative thoughts and work together to improve Papua and Indonesia.

“Since 2017, we started with new management by building and improving the scholarships management system as well as the distribution of living cost or stipend for students. We then decided not to involve the third parties or agents or consultants as before. We removed that part by issuing an official letter. Soon the Special Autonomy Bureau tackled this program directly so that we can identify many problems faced by the students who are studying in country or abroad,” he explained.

Currently, the Special Autonomy Bureau has developed a student database system and improved the payment system to ensure the distribution of payment run correctly. However, he said their current problem is the budget regulation which not allowed them to use the budget from the end year, while the budget for the beginning year is not available yet.

As a solution, Mirin said he had conveyed this issue to the governor so that they can discuss it and establish a Special Governor Regulation on the budget for the end and beginning of the year to finance the overseas student fees.

“Because without a clear regulation, this incident will keep happening from time to time, no matter who the governor or the bureau head is,” he said.

Previously, a Facebook account posted a letter to the Chairman of Papua Parliament Yunus Wonda sent by a parent of Papuan students studying in the United States. In his letter, the parent stated that until the second week of January 2019, the provincial government of Papua did not fulfil their obligation to seven Papuan students, namely Yvette Helene Papare, Lucia Deda, Kezia Nunaki, Ade Olua, Evelien Hamadi, Julio Kbarek, and Prishella Pandori. They are reported to be deported by the United States government.

“Currently they (the students) are very anxious about their situation and plan to fly to Washington D.C. to find the Indonesian Embassy to submit their complaints and try to figure out the solution,” said the parent Yves Pierre Papare. (*)

 

Reporter: Yance Wenda

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Tuberculosis is still a major problem in Jayapura Regency

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Jayapura, Jubi – Jayapura District Health Office conduct a public consultation on the Regional Action Plans (RAD) on the tuberculosis control ahead to the elimination of tuberculosis for Jayapura Regency 2030.

Giri Wijayantoro who represented Jayapura Regent said TB is a public health problem that turns to a challenge worldwide and Indonesia is one of the countries with high TB prevalence.

“Based on the survey on TB prevalence 2013-2014, TB prevalence has reached 1,600,000 cases while the incident of TB is 1,000,000 cases. Meanwhile, the mortality caused by TB is 100,000 cases,” Giri said in Sentani on Thursday (29/11/2018).

Meanwhile, in Jayapura Regency, TB is still a principal health problem that causes a high mortality rate. In 2017, there were 30 people died of tuberculosis after malaria, traffic accidents and other causes.

“The objective of the consultation of the regional action plan on TB control to the public and regional government offices is to obtain feedback as well as to reduce the tuberculosis prevalence in Jayapura Regency and Papua Province,” said Giri.

In the meantime, Khairul Lie, the Head of Jayapura District Health Office hopes that all stakeholders will involve in the preparation of the Regional Action Plan.

“We want the number of new cases to decrease by 90% and to reduce the mortality rate to 95% based on the cases occurred from 2014 to the present. These steps will include in the RAD,” he explained.

Based on the survey 2014, there are 324,000 cases which TB case detection in Indonesia is around 32 %.

“There are 68% cases identified as not treated or have been treated but have not been recorded by the program. this has spurred the handling of national TB control to continue the intensification, acceleration and innovation of programs through a national strategy to tackle tuberculosis,” said Giri. (*)

 

Reporter: Yance Wenda

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Government should pay more attention addressing HIV-AIDS in Papua

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Ojeg driver participated in a workshop about HIV/AIDS in Enarotali, Paniai organised by YAPKEMA NGO – Jubi/Yapkema

HIV-AIDS still becomes a ‘scary ghost’ for Papua Province.

A data released by the Ministry of Health in March recorded that within 12 years (2005-2017) the number of people living with AIDS in Papua has reached 19,729. This number is the highest rate among other Indonesian provinces, while the total of AIDS cases in Indonesia is 102.667.

The second highest rate of AIDS occurred in East Java for 18,243, following by Jakarta at 9,215, Central Java at 8,170, Bali at 7,441 and West Java at 6,502. However, the data showed that Papua Province is at the third rank for the number of people living with the HIV (29,083) compared to Jakarta (51,981) and East Java (39,633). Following Papua in the fourth and fifth ranks are West Java and East Java with 28,964 and 22,292 cases respectively.

Given the fact that the number of population in Papua Province is lesser than the provinces of Jakarta, East Java and West Java, it makes Papua becoming the province with the highest case rate of AIDS in Indonesia until December 2017. The case rate is cumulative of the number of people living with, died from AIDS and the total number of HIV-AIDS cases per 1000,000 population.

The case rate for Papua Province is 620,56 which 18,149 people living with AIDS and 1,580 people died from AIDS during 1987-2017, whereas West Papua Province is in the second place; at 216,46 including 1,699 people living with AIDS and 42 died from AIDS.

The updated figure for HIV-AIDS cases per 30 September 2018 in Papua Province is 38,874. It shows that Nabire Regency has the highest HIV-AIDS cases (7,420) and it followed by Jayapura Municipality at 6,189, Jayawijaya Regency at 5,964, Mimika Regency at 5,670 and Jayapura Regency at 2,918.

Most cases occurred in Papua are due to sexual intercourse with several partners which reach 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS), whereas another factor is the Most cases or risk factors occurred in Papua due to sexual intercourse with several partners are 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS). Another factor is the transmission from mother to child that reaches 212 for HIV and 473 for AIDS.

Responding to this situation, the Chairman of AIDS Commission (KPA) of Papua Province Constant Karma told Jubi on Wednesday, 22 November 2018, that firstly people must fully understand about the transmission of HIV.

He said HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids if we have direct contact with wounds on the skin or open mucous membranes of people who already infected, such as mouth, nose, vagina, rectum and penis’ external urethral.

“HIV can also be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex, as well as contact with blood and other body fluids. But kissing can be safe if both partners have no sore or mouth sprue. Touching, hugging and normal interacting with people infected with HIV are also safe,” he said.

He recommends people to have safe sex by using a condom and avoiding touching blood or other people’s body fluids.

“We never know who has HIV, because there is no stereotype and perhaps people don’t realise that they are already infected. So avoid to have direct contact with blood and body fluids of other people because it might have risks for HIV transmission, especially if we have open sores on any part of our body,” he said.

Karma said that the high rate of HIV-AIDS in Papua was due to people are still reluctant to conduct examinations.

“This figure indicates that the rate of people who already entered the stage of AIDS. It becomes a problem because if they get at this stage, it will be difficult to recover their condition,” he said.

Karma also said that KPA still difficulties related to funds to reduce the number of people living with HIV-AIDS in Papua. “In the past, we have collaborated with some international NGOs but not anymore because Indonesia currently regarded as a developed country. Therefore these NGOs are paying more attention to other developing countries,” he said.

Moreover, he said KPA Papua’s funds are insufficient to cover all areas of Papua, especially the mountain areas.

AIDS prevalence has reduced since 2014

Head of the Technical Implementation Unit for AIDS, TB and Malaria, Papua Health Office, dr. Beery Wopari, said that since 2014 HIV and AIDS cases in Papua had decreased, although not too significant.

“In 2014 there were 4,452 new cases found in 29 regencies and municipality, but until 2018 there were 1,993 new cases detected or found,” he said.  It means that most people are willing to conduct health examinations or do early detection of the disease, explained Wopari.

“Although it is undeniable that many people are still reluctant to conduct medical checks,” he said.

Wopari hopes that the elimination process carried out by Nabire Regency which has the highest HIV-AIDS rate can be emulated by other districts in Papua Province. Nabire District Health Office has carried out medical checks for people who come for treatment at the community centres.

“The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nabire is currently growing. There is a regulation that requires all community centres in Nabire to carry out the preliminary tests to all patients who come for treatment to reduce it. “It is good so that we can treat people who have been infected with HIV before the patient enters the stage of AIDS,” he said. (*)

Reporter: Roy Ratumakin

Editor: Pipit Maizier 

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