Jayapura, Jubi – Jayapura Municipality has the lowest illiteracy rate among the entire regencies/municipalities in Papua Province, at 0.14 percent. The illiteracy rate in Papua for 2013 was at 32.63 percent.
“Jayapura Municipality, which the human development index ratified high at the national scale and has the lowest illetaracy rate in Papua Province, deserved to obtain the literacy award from the Indonesian Minister of Education And Culture at the commemoration of the international literacy day 2015 at the national level held in Karawang, West Java,” the Papua Vice Governor Klemen Tinal said in his speech in the commemoration of the 50th International Literacy Day (HAI) and the declaration of Indonesia Reading Movement (GIM) held at the University of Cenderawasih Auditorium in Jayapura on last week.
In line with the vision and mission statements of the Governor and Vice Governor of Papua Province that Papua to be Arisen, Independent and Prosperous, he said the provincial government has succeeded to endorse the optimism and confidence in Papua. “There are eleven provinces which still have the highest illiteracy rate and the highest rank is Papua.
Off course we are not proud with this fact, but today the Papua Provincial Government and the local governments in Papua Province highly commit and believe that we can prove to other that the worst in the education field could be the best in the next five years,” he said.
The illiteracy rate in Papua for 2013 reached 32.63. It is very varied figures; several regencies in the mountainous area have the human development index under the rank of 497 at the national scale. “One of the priority programs in Papua is education program to become a right solution in the elimination of illiteracy in the entire of Papua land,” he said.
The Indonesian Minister of Education and Culture, Anies Baswedan said it’s never been late for people to learn, and they must encourage themselves to keep learning.
“We can have any position in life. It could be changed anytime, but the passion and learning activities should be kept everyday by anyone at anytime,” he said.
Therefore he asked to all stakeholders to be aware that the richness of this nation including the richness of Papuans are not grounded in their land, but in their human resources instead.
“Human resources are our biggest richness. In the past when in colonial period, in the map, Indonesia was only regarded as the producer of natural resources. Indonesia was considered as a country whose the land was exploited to produce oil, gas and other resources while its human resources were step back. Thus, the similar condition was applied for the entire country,” he said.
According to him, in the initial post-colonial period, the literacy rate in Indonesia was 5 percent; means 95 percent of Indonesian were illiterate. It was also applied for Papua. Thus, Baswedan urged the Papuans to not assume they are late to learn. “Never said Papua is too late. No. There is a stunning future in Papua. Do not talk about natural richness, but talk about the human development index. We must emphasize it,” he said.
Meanwhile the Jayapura Mayor Benhur Tommy Mano said the municipal government is continuing to battle the illiteracy in Jayapura Municipality. In 2009 the illiteracy rate in Jayapura Municipality decreased to 0.77 percent. “And in 2013, the figure was significantly decreased to 0.14 percent while in 2014 the literacy rate has reached 99.90 percent. It is the success of the PKBM (Community Learning Center) managers in providing the literacy education and educators as local government’s extension,” said Mano. (Abeth You/rom)
The story of Nduga refugees: Mother died while giving birth to her child
Nduga, Jubi – On Wednesday (9/1/2019), the sixteen-years-old Inambo Tabuni just arrived in Wamena, and she told her story in a refugee camp.
“Soldiers came by helicopter; a bomb dropped into the village.
People fled to the forest to save their lives. Many parents were separated with their children, while those who’re in refugee camp feel grateful that they can run away,” she recounted the incident occurred in the mid-December 2018.
The refugees take shelter in provisional tents and caves in the forest. They have insufficient food to eat. Men took a risk walking dozens of kilometres to reach gardens. They gathered sweet potatoes and taros from the garden in the night.
“It helped us to stand for two or three days. After that, men will return to the garden and come back in the night,” she said.
According to her refugees are distributed into small groups to a big group. “Each group contains at least ten people or more.”
She also revealed their suffering living in a refugee camp. “It seems that we are living in someone else’s place. We want to live safely in our village.”
When she arrived in Mbua from Dal, a pregnant woman Selfina Lokbere (32 years old) just came from a refugee camp, and last week Lokbere reportedly had a delivery complication. Both mother and child died.
Selfina Lokbere, who was the wife of Yakerena Umangge, reportedly gave birth to twins. Her first twin managed to be smoothly born, while the second got stuck during delivery.
“The second child did not come out, so the mother tried to pull her baby out, but she couldn’t make it.”
Meanwhile, Elinaus Tabuni, a member of the health care team of Papua Province in Mbua Sub-district, Nduga Regency, confirmed the incident that occurred on 2 January 2019.
“This woman just arrived from the forest and gave birth. She had only a child who died with her during the delivery,” he said.
Further, the congregation of Imanuel Church of Mbua takes care of the funeral of Selfina Lokbere and her child, while the medical team checked the rest of her family. It turns out that she has other six children who are still alive. They are Esok Umangge (7), Londice Umangge (8), Ason Umangge (9), Jemison Umangge (3), and the twins Rinthi dan Rentha (2,6). Currently, the twins of the late Selfina Lokbere, Rinthi and Rentha then raised by Gelipa Tabuni, their mother’s relative.
In the meantime, locals said the cause of her death is because she didn’t eat and drink well while in the refugee camp, whereas the medical team thought it’s possibly because of her giving birth too often.
Meanwhile, related to Nduga refugees, the Secretary of Youth Church Solidarity Alfonsa Wayap said three children were reported dead in refugee camp due to malnutrition. The children Ubugina Unue (2), Bugun Unue (1) and Raina Kogoya (5) died in Yal Sub-district.
The local also said there are ten pregnant women among them. “Some already give births while some are waiting for the due date.” (*)
Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Budget regulation causes delay on Papuan scholarship scheme
Jayapura, Jubi – Anthony Mirin, the Head of Papua Human Resources Development Department of Special Autonomy Bureau of Papua Provincial Secretariat, finally responded to the rumours of deportation of several Papuan students from the United States.
“I already made sure no one deported. There are those who deliberately take advantage of this issue. The world ‘deportation’ is exaggerating,” said Mirin in a release on Saturday (5/1/2019).
Earlier seven Papuan students studying at George Mason University in Virginia, USA reportedly would be deported due to the late payment of their tuition fee of 2019 by the provincial government of Papua. It also said that the government still not pay some allowances including the housing cost for 2019, health insurance funds for 2018 and 2019 and living cost from October to December 2018.
Regarding the financial allowances, Mirin said the government already transferred the latest living cost allowance for the students in 2018. “Meanwhile, the living cost allowance from January to April 2019 will process on Monday due to the public holidays. People return to the office after Christmas and New Year break,” he said.
He also suggested the students to not worry about the tuition fees because the provincial government has managed it. To avoid misunderstanding, he encouraged the students who have not received clear information about this to further communicate with the bureau.
However, he said he much appreciated all feedbacks, but asked people to take away their negative thoughts and work together to improve Papua and Indonesia.
“Since 2017, we started with new management by building and improving the scholarships management system as well as the distribution of living cost or stipend for students. We then decided not to involve the third parties or agents or consultants as before. We removed that part by issuing an official letter. Soon the Special Autonomy Bureau tackled this program directly so that we can identify many problems faced by the students who are studying in country or abroad,” he explained.
Currently, the Special Autonomy Bureau has developed a student database system and improved the payment system to ensure the distribution of payment run correctly. However, he said their current problem is the budget regulation which not allowed them to use the budget from the end year, while the budget for the beginning year is not available yet.
As a solution, Mirin said he had conveyed this issue to the governor so that they can discuss it and establish a Special Governor Regulation on the budget for the end and beginning of the year to finance the overseas student fees.
“Because without a clear regulation, this incident will keep happening from time to time, no matter who the governor or the bureau head is,” he said.
Previously, a Facebook account posted a letter to the Chairman of Papua Parliament Yunus Wonda sent by a parent of Papuan students studying in the United States. In his letter, the parent stated that until the second week of January 2019, the provincial government of Papua did not fulfil their obligation to seven Papuan students, namely Yvette Helene Papare, Lucia Deda, Kezia Nunaki, Ade Olua, Evelien Hamadi, Julio Kbarek, and Prishella Pandori. They are reported to be deported by the United States government.
“Currently they (the students) are very anxious about their situation and plan to fly to Washington D.C. to find the Indonesian Embassy to submit their complaints and try to figure out the solution,” said the parent Yves Pierre Papare. (*)
Reporter: Yance Wenda
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Tuberculosis is still a major problem in Jayapura Regency
Jayapura, Jubi – Jayapura District Health Office conduct a public consultation on the Regional Action Plans (RAD) on the tuberculosis control ahead to the elimination of tuberculosis for Jayapura Regency 2030.
Giri Wijayantoro who represented Jayapura Regent said TB is a public health problem that turns to a challenge worldwide and Indonesia is one of the countries with high TB prevalence.
“Based on the survey on TB prevalence 2013-2014, TB prevalence has reached 1,600,000 cases while the incident of TB is 1,000,000 cases. Meanwhile, the mortality caused by TB is 100,000 cases,” Giri said in Sentani on Thursday (29/11/2018).
Meanwhile, in Jayapura Regency, TB is still a principal health problem that causes a high mortality rate. In 2017, there were 30 people died of tuberculosis after malaria, traffic accidents and other causes.
“The objective of the consultation of the regional action plan on TB control to the public and regional government offices is to obtain feedback as well as to reduce the tuberculosis prevalence in Jayapura Regency and Papua Province,” said Giri.
In the meantime, Khairul Lie, the Head of Jayapura District Health Office hopes that all stakeholders will involve in the preparation of the Regional Action Plan.
“We want the number of new cases to decrease by 90% and to reduce the mortality rate to 95% based on the cases occurred from 2014 to the present. These steps will include in the RAD,” he explained.
Based on the survey 2014, there are 324,000 cases which TB case detection in Indonesia is around 32 %.
“There are 68% cases identified as not treated or have been treated but have not been recorded by the program. this has spurred the handling of national TB control to continue the intensification, acceleration and innovation of programs through a national strategy to tackle tuberculosis,” said Giri. (*)
Reporter: Yance Wenda
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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