Jakarta, Jubi – Kaimana District Government, West Papua is ready to become a field laboratory for blue carbon development that can contribute to national and local carbon emissions reductions.
“This study will be our reference in mangrove conservation governance in Kaimana which not only supports the achievement of national commitments in emissions reductions, but also supports the economic community,” said Kaimana Regent Mathias Mairuma in a discussion in Jakarta on Tuesday (October 17).
Regent Mathias said the study of blue carbon in Kaimana will not only to provide scientific data, but can also provide strategic inputs in conserving mangrove ecosystems, strengthening local conservation governance and developing sustainable livelihood alternatives of communities from mangrove crab cultivation.
Blue Carbon has been echoed as one of the contributions to the world carbon emissions reduction targets at the 22nd UN Conference on Climate Change (COP) in Morocco in 2012.
In the near future, Ministry of Maritime will hold a workshop on blue carbon in Kaimana Regency, West Papua. The Expert Staff of the Coordinating Minister for the Department of Sociopolitical Affairs, Tukul Rameyo Adi, hoped that the workshop could produce a policy that develops blue carbon related instruments for both national and international levels.
In addition, Rameyo also hopes the workshop will produce a “road map” of blue carbon that can be applied nationally and locally.
“The development of such instruments and road maps is a form of support for achieving a national commitment to reduce emissions by 29 percent by 2030,” he said.
Tukul Rameyo Adi said Indonesia has the potential to develop blue carbon to reduce carbon emissions because it has mangrove ecosystems, sea grass beds and tidal swamps.
“The government hopes the study of blue carbon could enrich scientific data in developing a policy on blue carbon in Indonesia,” Rameyo said.
“The development of such instruments and roadmaps is a form of support for achieving a national commitment to reduce emissions by 29 percent to 2030 and achieve Sustainable Development Objectives,” he said.
At least, there are 151 countries that have one of three blue carbon ecosystems, namely mangroves, sea grass beds and tidal swamps. Indonesia is one of the countries that have these three ecosystems with mangrove area of about 3.1 million hectares or equal to 22 percent of global ecosystem.
West Papua is the province with the largest natural mangrove ecosystem of 482,029.24 hectares. The study to examine the uptake and below-ground carbon sinks in Kaimana District has been done since 2015.
Total carbon stocks in Kaimana District covering Arguni Bay, Etna Bay, Buruway and Kaimana City reached 54,091,909 Mg C. (tabloidjubi.com/Zely)
The story of those whose forest got robbed
Jayapura, Jubi– Addressing the commemoration of the World Human Rights day, Walhi (the Indonesian Forum for Environment) Papua, Yayasan Pusaka, SOS Tanah Papua, KPCK GKI Tanah Papua, LBH Papua and PAHAM invited a number of victims from several regencies in Papua Province whose lands exploited by logging, palm oil and mining companies to share their stories.
Linus Omba from Boven Digoel Regency told how Korindo Group Company came to meet a person, then cut down the trees and took it away from this region.
“Our custom taught us to deliberate before taking a consensus for the public interest, but PT. Korindo Group only met one person and paid the tenure right concession to take woods from our forest,” Omba said on Monday (10/12/2018) in Jayapura.
Meanwhile, Bonefius Basik-basik, the chief of Basik-basik and Kamijari clans, added that the palm oil and logging companies have operated in this region from 2012 to 2018. He and his community have applied for payment for communal land ownership since 2017, but there’s no answer from those companies until now.
People then prohibited those companies to take the cutting woods and let those woods got rotten in the forest. “Finally, PT. ACP and PT. APF paid the community for Christmas preparation,” said Basik-basik.
However, according to him, due to logging and land clearing for new plantation area, it has an impact on the local community. Water that used to be used directly for drinking water currently polluted with the company waste.
Meanwhile, an activist from Timika Adolfina Kuum explained how the life of Kamoro and Amungme tribes have changed due to the presence of PT. Freeport Indonesia. The environmental damage caused by PT. Freeport still has an impact on the local people.
In the meantime, Aish Rumbekwan from Walhi Papua added that the private companies in that region didn’t give protection to indigenous people. The state seems not to protect to its citizens.
“And the expansion of Papua forest on a large scale has provided huge profits of state’s revenues, but this country has not provided welfare for the community,” he said. (*)
Reporter: David Sobolim
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Agus Mahuze: I wrote ‘SOS Our Earth’ using wood charcoal
Merauke, Jubi – Agustinus Mahuze, Marind native who is a member of the Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) of Merauke Regency, had become public attention when the Indonesian President Jojo Widodo arrived in Merauke on Friday, 16 November 2018.
Mahuze who is also known as an environmentalist raised a paper with SoS Our Earth written on it when the president and his contingents passed the junction Lepro heading to Sota sub-district.
“I have planned it since President Jokowi visited Merauke for a couple of times but never done. So this is the first time that I can complete my plan. Moreover, it coincides with the president’s itinerary to attend the APEC Summit in Papua New Guinea,” he said on Monday (11/19/2018).
Furthermore, Mahuze explained that he wrote the phrase using wood charcoal, not marker or ballpoint because he did it spontaneously. According to him, the phrase ‘SOS our Earth’ has no other meaning but to save the earth and human soul.
“What I expressed in the writing does not only in the context of Merauke but the worldwide. So when the APEC Summit takes place, it should be a boost for the world leaders,” he said.
“I also hope that President Jokowi can read it and raise this global issues related to drought and forest fires that often occurred,” he said.
The point is, he continued, the message that I want to express is about the climate change. It’s only about the environment and has no connection with the political issue.
He also mentioned that it has no connection to his position as a member of the Election Supervisory Agency of Merauke Regency. “I brought the writing paper from home and stopped at the junction Lepro. When the presidential convoy passed, I immediately took it from my pocket and lifted it. People can see it, and the convoy ran slowly. But I don’t know whether the president read it or not,” he said.
Meanwhile, the Chairman of the Election Supervisory Agency of Merauke Agency Oktavina Amtop said the agency had heard the news that Agustinus Mahuze held a poster.
“Before becoming a member of the Election Supervisory Agency, he was an activist and environmentalist. Then what he’s done does not reflect him as a member of the Election Supervisory Agency, “said Amtop. (*)
Reporter: Ans K
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Moratorium to save natural forest from palm oil invasion
The Head of Campaign Division of Sawit Watch Maryo Saputra Sanuddin said that they had proposed the government to conduct a moratorium and overall evaluation on palm oil for a long time.
“In our term, it’s called a plantation audit to monitor whether the plantation size is the same as reflected in existing permits or not,” he said.
When companies break the permits, he continued, there is a potential for loss of income to the state.
“We can say there is an indication of corruption which also included as an important note in the moratorium so that the improvement of governance over palm oil plantation is truly beneficial to the community,” he said.
Up to now, the state has earned revenue of Rp 200 trillion from palm oil plantations which is the highest income in addition to the oil and gas sectors. To increase the state revenue, he suggests the government does not need to expand palm oil plantations but increases its productivity and conduct identification and good governance.
From the start, Sawit Watch has supported President Widodo’s statement in 2016 about the palm oil and mining moratorium. After the moratorium issued, Sawit Watch even keeps continuing to advocate and persuade the government to immediately stipulates this regulation (Inpres – President’s Instruction).
If there is no moratorium on the palm oil industry in Indonesia, forests in Indonesia then will turn into palm oil forests –no more primary forests and natural forests.
“Based on our data, there are approximately 20 million hectares of palm oil plantation throughout Indonesia in which1.8 million hectares located in Papua,” he said.
Palm oil plantations in Papua stretch from Merauke, Boven Digoel, Jayapura Regency, Keerom, Sarmi, Nabire and the mountainous area. “That’s amazed us. Why is there such palm oil plantation in the mountainous area? ”
However, Sanuddin said he doesn’t have an idea why the local government did not discuss the revenue from palm oil plantations with the central government. The local government solely get income from land and building taxes that only a few percents of the national income.
Furthermore, according to him, many Indonesian regions face the same problems in the palm oil sector, that are including the conflicts of land, plasma scheme and income received by landowners, especially on the disagreement the land use for palm oil plantations.
Meanwhile, the Head of Investment and Integrated Business Service (DPMPTSP) of Papua Province Jamal Tawarutubun said before issuing a business permit; a plantation company must fulfil a primary licence and other licenses such as a land-use permit from landowners, environmental impact assessment, and consent from indigenous people.
“If all done, we’ll issue the plantation business permit. It means all technical and administrative process is complete,” said Jamal.
He continued that these measures are taken to avoid such plantation inside of the forest area. For instance, in Boven Digoel, his office revoked a business permit from a company after conducting field monitoring and evaluation.
“We have done through the bottom-up stages,” he said.
According to him, the most important factor related to the permit is indigenous peoples. His office only issues a permit for the company based on indigenous peoples’ consent.
The permit for palm oil plantation applies for 35 years. The government do not intervene the company and landowners if they agree to extend the operating permit. However, he doesn’t know the specific size of palm oil plantations in Papua.
Meanwhile, the Director of Walhi Papua Aesh Rumbekwan said the palm oil moratorium is crucial. Good governance is not a new issue but a problem from the past. Moreover, he said now many major issues are arising as a result of oil palm plantations. When people lose their natural resource, it becomes a dilemma because people then only have the last option to be plasma farmers.
He continued that the community has their local wisdom and the government should look at it and develop it. The company comes offering job opportunities, yet develop many conflicts such as environmental problems, human rights violations, and land issues.
Therefore, he hopes, through the palm oil moratorium, the government would open access to the community to manage timber or non-timber resources for their welfare. (*)
Reporter: David Sobolim
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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