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Politics, Government & Security

Legislators Urge to Tighten Security on Merauke-PNG Border

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Border of Indonesia - PNG - Suplied

Border of Indonesia – PNG – Suplied

Jayapura, Jubi – The border between Merauke and Papua New Guinea (PNG) is prone to drug and fuel smuggling, a Papua legislator said.
A member of Commission I of the Papua Legislative Council on politics, foreign relations, governance, law and human rights, Kusmanto said, to minimize smuggling, surveillance in the border region of Merauke-PNG needed to be strengthened.

“Yes I think supervision should be tightened not only in official entrances but also the unofficial entrances,” said Kusmanto onTuesday (20/10/2015).
He said smugglers often brought their illegal goods from PNG to Marauke through the unofficial entrances that often escape observation border services.

“During this time Merauke residents often transact with residents of PNG. For example people of Merauke sell antlers or meat to the people of PNG or sometimes barter for goods from PNG,” he said.

This happened not only on the Merauke-PNG border, but also in border areas in Skow, Muara Tami District, Jayapura City.

Early September, the chairman of the Council of Indigenous Keerom, Papua, Herman Yoku told reporters that in the area of Keerom there are three unoffiical entrances for carrying illegal goods to Jayapura and the surrounding areas which are in the District of Waris, Senggi, and Komratoro.
“Remember there are four border crossings in Keerom district. Three of them are footpaths. Three of the area is timber business competition, alcohol and even drugs, “said Yoku at the time. (Arjuna Pademme)

Politics, Government & Security

15 confirmed dead in Nduga incident; locals’ complaint is a root, says the Church Leader

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Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Police confirmed fifteen dead in the shooting incident reportedly occurred in Puncak Kabo, Yal Sub-district, Nduga Regency.  Papua Police Public Affairs Chief Senior Commissionaire Ahmad Musthofa Kamal said 19 people shot in the incident that caused 15 deaths. Currently, the fifteen corpses have successfully concentrated in one location for evacuation on Thursday  (06/12/2018).

Trans Papua Road Section in Nduga Regency – Ministry of Public Works

“So, the total of shooting victims are 19 which 15 died, three injured while one survived and had evacuated on Tuesday (04/12/2018),” said Kamal in the press conference held at Jayawijaya Regional Police Headquarter on Wednesday night (05/12/2018).

Further, Kamal said the joint evacuation team discovered all victims in Yal Sub-district and continued searching for other victims who worked for PT. Istaka Karya that consist of a field manager and twenty-four workers.

Earlier, Military Public Affairs Chief Colonel Muhamad Aldi stated that a criminal group had executed the employees of PT. Istaka Karya in a location identified as Puncak Kabo.

It begins with the locals’ complaint
Separately, the Rev. Dr Benny Giay, the Chairperson of Papuan Kingmi Church Synod, said the incident that reportedly killed 24 workers of road construction in Nduga Regency triggered by a suspected military member who took a picture of the community worship on 1 December 2018.

“There’s worship attended by the community, local government and a man who’s suspected military member,” Giay forwarded a message from a resident to Jubi on Wednesday (05/12/2018).

“When residents saw him taking the pictures, they were scared. So, they asked the guy to remove his photos, but he denied,” added Giay.

He then left the scene and went to the military post, while people couldn’t make him delete his pictures. 

Meanwhile, the worship continued to 2 December 2018. The residents who came to the event asked him to remove the photos. Then, there was gunfire near the military post that caused more than ten casualties.

“This is a sequence,” he said.

Moreover, the Rev. Giay added that a polemic whether the dead victims are civilians or soldiers, it should refer to the policy of President Joko Widodo during his visit in Wamena in 2016.

“The point is that President Widodo has trusted the military to build the road following his visit to Wamena in 2016,” he said.

Soon after this agreement in January 2017, the West Papuan Liberation Army who’s has power over this region refused the road construction and gave a war threat.

Therefore, according to Giay, no wonder if the locals suspected the workers as the army. They reckon that ordinary people might not want to work in the region under the security threat. 

Separately, the Corporate Secretary of PT. Istaka Karya Yudi Kristanto confirmed that there were 28 workers joined in the bridges construction project in the Yigi River and Aworak River located in Nduga Regency Papua. He also ensured that there had never been any problems regarding their construction project there. 

Meanwhile, Papua Police stated that a survivor Bharatu Wahyu who’s a member of Mobile Brigade also evacuated to Wamena public hospital on Wednesday night (5/12). He got shot at the right arm, left shoulder and neck in the gunfire when the security forces attempted to find the victims. 

“The plan is to evacuate the bodies to Wamena because most of their families are living in Wamena. But it depends on the weather, if it’s bad we’ll send them all to Timika,” said Kamal. 

According to him, soon they’ve got the news of 31 dead; the joint security force immediately came to the scene for confirmation. Therefore, it was only the initial information. 

Meanwhile, Jayawijaya Police Chief Adjunct Senior Police Commissionaire Yan Pieter Reba appealed the victims’ families and those who want to find further information about the victims to come to Jayawijaya Police

Headquarter or Military District Command 1702/Jayawijaya.

“We provide a post in the police headquarter and military district command as well. So, if people want the information about their families, they can come directly to these posts for checking the truth,” he said. (*)

 

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Lack of judges, Polish’s tourist trial postponed

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JF when going to Wamena Prison from Jayawijaya District Attorney Office-Jubi /Islami

Wamena, Jubi – the Legal team of a Polish tourist Jakup Skrzypski who detained by Jayawijaya State Attorney Office requested the trial of his client to

A member of Skrzypsky’s legal advisors Yance Tenoye said he hoped the trial could be conducted immediately, however, the lacking number of judges in Wamena District Court could not make it happened.
“Regarding the number of judges in the court, we do know it because we had the circular. However, as legal advisors, we hope it can do immediately,” Tenoye told Jubi in Wamena on Thursday (29/11/2018).
Moreover, he said this trial is critical because his client has detained at Jayawijaya Regional Police Prison. ”Since the beginning, the legal team has objected our client to be detained at the police station, because it’s not feasible. Our client should get the same treatment as others who detained in the correctional institution,” he said.
“So far, our client is fine. With the addition detention time, it expected that before 21 December 2018 we can have the information,” he said.
Meanwhile, a spokesperson for Wamena District Court Class II Imelda Indah said that currently her institution only has three judges. Therefore it affects the process of every trial.
“It’s not only his trial is suspended. There are more than 100 cases that led only by a single judge,” he told reporters in Wamena on Monday (26/10/2018).
She also admitted that currently, she is still waiting for the arrival of new judges so that the case involving the Polish need to postpone before taking to the court.
In the meantime, the Head of Jayawijaya District Attorney Office Togar Raflion confirmed the extension of Skrzypski’s detention until 21 December 2018  due to a trial delayed.
“Last week we wanted to delegate this case to the court. However, after consulting with the court, they stated they lacked judges,” he said in his office.
As a result, the prosecutor’s office has extended Skrzypski’s detention period for the next 30 days. (*)
Reporter: Islamic Adisubrata
Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Why special autonomy cannot bring improvement to Papuans and why it cannot overcome separatism?

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Papuans rally against Special Autonomy in October 2011 (Jubi/Timo)

The Special Autonomy Law that implied to the implementation of the autonomy funds from the Government of Indonesia to Papua Province (yet it shared with West Papua Province that established in 2007) has been 17 years on 21 November 2018. However, many people claimed that some goals have not yet achieved during this period.

DR Agus Sumule, a team member who drafted the Special Autonomy Law, said overall it’s still under the expectation, though this law was stipulated for two reasons, namely to improve the welfare of people and to be against separatism.

“The improvement of people’s welfare can be measured using the modest method, and that also applies throughout the world, such as the Human Development Index (HDI). Meanwhile, the HDI in both provinces of Papua and West Papua is still the lowest. Although there are some efforts to scale up the HDI and the leap was considerably big, but it’s not big enough if compared to other provinces. The existing method is not effective enough. Therefore, it needs another breakthrough,” Sumule told Jubi by phone on Thursday, 22 November 2018.

“On the other hand, the Special Autonomy has been given with the expectation that the separatist movement will fade away. Therefore the Special Autonomy Law also includes some aspects such as the establishment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and so on. Because it doesn’t work, so who knows that the threat has gone.”

Apart from claims of progress in many sectors, continued Sumule who’s also the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Papua, Manokwari, West Papua Province, until now the  autonomy policy still cannot overcome the problems of both provinces.

Education must start from villages

One of the main objectives of the Special Autonomy fund for Papua is to increase the human resources through education. Although some efforts made in increasing Papuan human resources have shown some results, these do not provide both provinces with better condition.

Then Sumule took an example that currently, the number of students in Papua and West Papua is approximately 800 thousand, which half (400,000) is indigenous Papuans. Of that number, more than 200 thousand are at the elementary school. However later, more than half do not continue their study to junior high school.

Furthermore, He said it needs a breakthrough in education, for example, improving primary education. “Many say that we need to construct a dormitory. How could it be? How can we build a dormitory for 800 thousand people? That’s impossible.”

To solve this problem, he suggested that villages should become a target for education rather than cities by providing schools from the lower to higher levels.

No stipulation for a 25-year period

In regards stipulation, Agus Sumule also corrected people’s assumption that the Law No. 21 of 2001 about the Special Autonomy for Papua will terminate after 25 years running.  He said it’s not true. This arrangement only applied for the provision of  (autonomy) funds, while the regulation will still there though there is no guarantee that it would stand onwards (though it can be changed if necessary). However, there is no article in the law stating that this regulation only valid for 25 years.

“What would be ended (25 years) is related to finance,” said Sumule.

If the Special Autonomy Fund discontinued, it must ensure that the availability of funds to continue development. However, if it continues, we should consider its distribution due to nowadays many indigenous Papuans have become a minority in many regions of Papua and West Papua provinces. If there is no change in the allocation of funds, the beneficiaries who might receive compensation (and benefits) must be not indigenous Papuans.

He also maintained if the central government is willing to continue the provision of the special autonomy funds, how can they assure that the funds do not become ‘sugar’ that attracts more migrants to Papua. “That’s the question. Surely this is a big problem,” he said.

Papua’s Special Autonomy leaves assignments 

Separately, Chairman of the Papuan House of Representative Yunus Wonda said the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua still gives uncompleted assignments to do.

According to him,  there are a few of policies covered in the articles of the Special Autonomy Law have not implemented yet, such as the recognition of local political party, the establishment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commision and the human rights court as well.

“The appointment of 14 representatives of indigenous Papuans in the Papuan House of Representatives has done, but not other things. Until now the central government has not seriously resolved many cases of alleged human rights violations in Papua by establishing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission,” said Wonda.

Moreover, he said that the main issue in Papua is the human rights violation because it has a tremendous impact on other issues. Hence, its resolution could bring a sense of justice to both victims and their families. Both the settlement process and resolution of human rights violations have become an international concern, so the Government of Indonesia must take this seriously.

“This is a crucial agenda that needs to address, and we count on the president elected for the next period,” he said.

Meanwhile, Papua Governor Lukas Enembe in the commemoration day of the Special Autonomy Law held in Gedung Olahraga Cenderawasih, Jayapura, Papua on Wednesday (21/11/2018) said during its 17-years journey in Papua, the Special Autonomy Law is still not perfect as expected by many people, due to its weaknesses and limitation. To mention one, he exemplified that Papua never had a proper grand design from the beginning. (*)

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor : Pipit Maizier 

 

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