Jayapura, Jubi – Two days before May 3 of World Press Freedom Day, violence was again experienced by Yance Wenda, a journalist at tabloidjubi.com and Koran Jubi in Papua. Earlier on April 28, 2017 three television journalists from Metro TV, Jaya TV and TVRI also got intimidation and death threats while covering the violation of election criminal trial of Tolikara District Court in Wamena District Court.
Yance was beaten by the police on Monday May 1 in Sentani, Jayapura District, while covering the arrest of West Papua National Committee (KNPB) activists who plan to commemorate May 1, which they called a day the annexation of Papua by Indonesia.
Two cases of violence within a week confirmed that legal protection for journalists, as regulated by Law No. 40 of 1999 on Press is a rare thing in Papua.
Violence against journalists in Papua continues, confirming the poor press freedom in this region, fulfilled the censorship practice by blocking a number of Papuan news sites that are critical of the central government’s policy on the issue of Papua.
The Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) of Jayapura City noted that from 2015 to early 2016, only 15 foreign journalists were allowed to get into Papua. Tabloidjubi.com wrote, Radio New Zealand International journalist Johnny Blades claimed it took three months to get an entry visa to Papua.
“Despite having a visa coverage in Papua, Blades was rejected by the police and TNI when they were about to confirm some of the coverage they got. France Radio journalist Marie Dumieres is also looked by the police for coverage in Papua, ” said the newspaper’s chief executive Jubi and tabloidjubi.com, Victor Mambor.
March this year Franck Jean Pierre Escudie and Basille Marie Longchamp were deported. Not long ago, Al Jazeera writer Jack Hewson, when he was about to leave Indonesia, was told he would not be able to enter the country. Whereas, Hewson said he was currently in the process of filing a request for permission coverage in Papua.
Statement by the President of Indonesia Joko Widodo that Papua is open to foreign journalists’ coverage far from the fire.
72 cases of violence
Papua is clearly one of the worst areas in enforcing the Press Law, as well as guaranteeing legal protection for journalists. However, in other parts of Indonesia, violence against journalists also continues to occur.
Based on data collected by AJI Indonesia, during May 2016 until April 2017 there have been 72 cases of violence experienced by journalists who run their profession. The case of violence was even dominated by a form of physical violence, which reached 38 cases. Expulsion and/or prohibition of coverage is also rife, with the findings of 14 cases.
The data compiled by AJI Indonesia also shows how serious is the violence. Among the 72 cases, nine violent cases were deliberately committed to rob or destroy data, photos, video recordings obtained by journalists in the field. In addition, there are two cases of criminalization.
AJI Indonesia also noted that there are still serious threats and terror to journalists (seven cases). In addition, there were two cases of verbal intimidation, including intimidation by a chairman of the regional parliament.
Of the 72 cases of violence that occurred during May 2016 until April 2017, a total of 21 cases of which were conducted by civilian residents. Other actors include cadres of political parties / politicians / and members of parliament (seven cases), Civil Service Police Unit and other local government apparatus (six cases), government officials policy makers (four cases), even legal professions such as advocates (one case) , A judge (one case) became a perpetrator of violence against journalists.
AJI Indonesia’s demands
In its demands AJI Indonesia declares the police to be the main enemy of press freedom in Indonesia in 2017, with its personnel continuing to engage in various cases of violence, and continue to practice impunity that makes perpetrators of violence against journalists free from legal liability.
They requested that the legal protection of the profession of journalists be enforced as regulated by Law No. 40/1999 on the Press throughout Indonesia, especially in Papua. By stopping the practice of violence, intimidation, restriction and prohibition of coverage, as well as censorship such as blocking a number of news sites in Papua;
They also demanded that access to foreign journalists ‘coverage in Papua be opened, ensuring that every foreign journalist is given the freedom to cover objectively the various dimensions of life in Papua, so that the international community gets a complete picture of the Papuans’ political, economic, and socio-cultural situation.(*)
West Papua National Liberation Army: It’s an attack, not execution
Jayapura, Jubi – West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB) finally spoke up regarding the murder accusation over them. They admitted being responsible for the shooting of people identified as the employees of PT. Istaka Karya that are building the Trans-Papua road.
Papuans’ trust towards Jokowi has diminish regarding human rights solving
Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of the Papuan Customary Council Dominikus Surabut said that President Joko Widodo’s policy regarding cases of alleged violations of human rights in Papua raised a sceptical trust of Papuans over him.
“It added a sceptical trust among Papuans, especially the victims’ families,” Surabut told Jubi at his office on Tuesday (27/11/2018) in Waena, Jayapura City, Papua.
Moreover, he said that during his administration there were 7,000 Papuans detained by police in peaceful demonstrations. It’s the highest number in the last decade.
And this distrust increased after the appointment of General Andika Perkasa as the Indonesian Army Chief. In the past, he was a member of the military operation in Papua, but his particular tasks were not explicit.
Some media have released about the involvement of General Andika in the murder of charismatic Papuan leader Theys Hiyo Eluai on 10 November 2001 in Jayapura, Papua.
Theys is the Chairman of Papua Presidium Council (PDP), a political organisation that fights for the independence of Papua that established during the administration of President Abdurrahman Wahid and was not popular among the Indonesian Military.
Indoprogress.com said that Andika’s involvement in the murder of Theys has never thoroughly investigated. His alleged involvement in the case revealed by a letter sent by Agus Zihof, the father of a defendant Captain Inf. Rionardo. Zihow who’s a retired army sent a letter to the Former Indonesian Military Chief General Ryamizard Ryacudu.
In his letter, Zihof said that his son was forced to confess to killing Theys by a man named Major Andika Perkasa. He also revealed that Andika promised to give his son a good position in the Indonesian State Intelligent Agency because his father-in-law was an influential person there. A special investigation team formed to investigate the murder case of Theys to examine Andika Perkasa.
Furthermore, Surabut said with human rights violators from the past surround him, Jokowi would never encounter the humanitarian problem in Indonesia.
Separately, President of the Synode of Baptiste Church of Papua, Dr Sokratez Sofyan Yoman, said President Joko Widodo seems to prioritize the formal events rather than the primary development in Papua.
“There is no significant change. Jokowi performs a play” said Yoman.
Moreover, he said Papuans do not require impromptu visits, acting, or carrying children during his visits, waving and smiling.
People amazed by his charming and that he has made ten official visits to Papua. But, He’s not aware that he never touch the main problem in Papua which is respecting human dignity instead of infrastructure development.
“We don’t need money. Our dignity is priceless. Money cannot measure it,” he said.
The more important is that he respects the dignity of Papuans by stopping all forms of violence and investigating who’s behind it because of 7,000 Papuans detained by the police during his administration. (*)
Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Government should pay more attention addressing HIV-AIDS in Papua
HIV-AIDS still becomes a ‘scary ghost’ for Papua Province.
A data released by the Ministry of Health in March recorded that within 12 years (2005-2017) the number of people living with AIDS in Papua has reached 19,729. This number is the highest rate among other Indonesian provinces, while the total of AIDS cases in Indonesia is 102.667.
The second highest rate of AIDS occurred in East Java for 18,243, following by Jakarta at 9,215, Central Java at 8,170, Bali at 7,441 and West Java at 6,502. However, the data showed that Papua Province is at the third rank for the number of people living with the HIV (29,083) compared to Jakarta (51,981) and East Java (39,633). Following Papua in the fourth and fifth ranks are West Java and East Java with 28,964 and 22,292 cases respectively.
Given the fact that the number of population in Papua Province is lesser than the provinces of Jakarta, East Java and West Java, it makes Papua becoming the province with the highest case rate of AIDS in Indonesia until December 2017. The case rate is cumulative of the number of people living with, died from AIDS and the total number of HIV-AIDS cases per 1000,000 population.
The case rate for Papua Province is 620,56 which 18,149 people living with AIDS and 1,580 people died from AIDS during 1987-2017, whereas West Papua Province is in the second place; at 216,46 including 1,699 people living with AIDS and 42 died from AIDS.
The updated figure for HIV-AIDS cases per 30 September 2018 in Papua Province is 38,874. It shows that Nabire Regency has the highest HIV-AIDS cases (7,420) and it followed by Jayapura Municipality at 6,189, Jayawijaya Regency at 5,964, Mimika Regency at 5,670 and Jayapura Regency at 2,918.
Most cases occurred in Papua are due to sexual intercourse with several partners which reach 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS), whereas another factor is the Most cases or risk factors occurred in Papua due to sexual intercourse with several partners are 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS). Another factor is the transmission from mother to child that reaches 212 for HIV and 473 for AIDS.
Responding to this situation, the Chairman of AIDS Commission (KPA) of Papua Province Constant Karma told Jubi on Wednesday, 22 November 2018, that firstly people must fully understand about the transmission of HIV.
He said HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids if we have direct contact with wounds on the skin or open mucous membranes of people who already infected, such as mouth, nose, vagina, rectum and penis’ external urethral.
“HIV can also be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex, as well as contact with blood and other body fluids. But kissing can be safe if both partners have no sore or mouth sprue. Touching, hugging and normal interacting with people infected with HIV are also safe,” he said.
He recommends people to have safe sex by using a condom and avoiding touching blood or other people’s body fluids.
“We never know who has HIV, because there is no stereotype and perhaps people don’t realise that they are already infected. So avoid to have direct contact with blood and body fluids of other people because it might have risks for HIV transmission, especially if we have open sores on any part of our body,” he said.
Karma said that the high rate of HIV-AIDS in Papua was due to people are still reluctant to conduct examinations.
“This figure indicates that the rate of people who already entered the stage of AIDS. It becomes a problem because if they get at this stage, it will be difficult to recover their condition,” he said.
Karma also said that KPA still difficulties related to funds to reduce the number of people living with HIV-AIDS in Papua. “In the past, we have collaborated with some international NGOs but not anymore because Indonesia currently regarded as a developed country. Therefore these NGOs are paying more attention to other developing countries,” he said.
Moreover, he said KPA Papua’s funds are insufficient to cover all areas of Papua, especially the mountain areas.
AIDS prevalence has reduced since 2014
Head of the Technical Implementation Unit for AIDS, TB and Malaria, Papua Health Office, dr. Beery Wopari, said that since 2014 HIV and AIDS cases in Papua had decreased, although not too significant.
“In 2014 there were 4,452 new cases found in 29 regencies and municipality, but until 2018 there were 1,993 new cases detected or found,” he said. It means that most people are willing to conduct health examinations or do early detection of the disease, explained Wopari.
“Although it is undeniable that many people are still reluctant to conduct medical checks,” he said.
Wopari hopes that the elimination process carried out by Nabire Regency which has the highest HIV-AIDS rate can be emulated by other districts in Papua Province. Nabire District Health Office has carried out medical checks for people who come for treatment at the community centres.
“The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nabire is currently growing. There is a regulation that requires all community centres in Nabire to carry out the preliminary tests to all patients who come for treatment to reduce it. “It is good so that we can treat people who have been infected with HIV before the patient enters the stage of AIDS,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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