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US documents opened, revealed many innocent people shot in the event of Bukit Arfai Papua

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Telegram Illustration of the 1965 US Embassy in Indonesia which has opened to the public – Doc. US National Archives

Jayapura, Jubi – A number of American diplomatic cable documents related to Indonesia, especially the 1965 tragedy reopened to the public by three American institutions. The documents uncovered telegrams from and to the United States in relation to the mass killings after 1965.

The three institutions are the National Security Archive (NSA), the National Declassification Center (NDC), both nonprofit organizations, and state institutions National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

One of the many telegram documents reveals the shooting of innocent Indonesians carried out by the Indonesian army from June to July 1965.

The brutal story in Arfai

There are 39 documents of 30,000 pages which is the record of the United States Embassy (US) for Indonesia since 1964 until 1968. From number of documents, one document was revealed on the shooting of many Orang Asli Papua (Papuan indigenous) in Manokwari in 1965.

The 542A controlled telegram document dated September 15, 1965 revolves around the conditions in West Irian (West Papua) in mid-September 1965, as narrated by a Dutch Protestant missionary who reported about the imprisonment of a missionary, Harold Lovestrand.

The telegram mentioned in June that the Indonesian security forces had prevented some Papuans planning to leave Papua to Australia with a document signed by some of the most prominent Papuans of the time in Manokwari. This incident was followed by the arrest of most civil servants and a number of regional functionaries.

Telegram signed by the US Ambassador to Indonesia Marshall Green, described the first action of Indonesian army in Manokwari is said to be brutal. On 26 June on a hill in Manokwari three Indonesian soldiers were raising a red and white flag, shot by a group of Papuans who rebelled at the time. This event came to be known as an attack on Arfai Headquarters by Permenas Ferry Awom.

Yunus Inauri, one of the perpetrators of the Arfai headquarters attack, in an interview with Jubi few years ago, said that Permenas Awom is a former member of the Papuan Battalion. He was commander of Papua PVK in the Dutch era. He and his friends rebelled because Indonesian troops who came to Papua have made discomfort for the community.

Inauri who was a teacher at the time, said that if Indonesian soldiers find Papuan people on the street who are considered to behave strangely, then they will play at them arbitrarily, including students at school. Permenas who see the situation felt that it was not right; with his friends he beat the Indonesian soldiers who make a mess. But it was said the firefight was inevitable. The situation was so crowded, people run scattered. Permenas by then had a weapon that always carried everywhere.

After the shooting of three Indonesian soldiers, the next day the Indonesian army fired on every visible Papuans and many innocent people were shot in the streets. The shooting action expanded in the days that followed, but Awom’s group never came down to attack Manokwari.

Awom group resistance continued until the main Indonesian troops were brought in from outside Manokwari. In this mass of resistance, incessantly circulated the issue that if Papua is independent, then the Netherlands, Australia and the United States will help fund Papua’s development.

Lovestrand Case

Lovestrand himself, in the telegram is called arrested for fear of being a victim of shootings. For in that period, Papuans who wanted independence filled the streets, as did the Indonesian security apparatus.

In addition to Lovestrand, a Dutch Catholic priest named Vandenberg in Sukarnopura (the name of Jayapura at the time) was also detained for no apparent reason.

The NDC blog says the Lovestrand case that happened to the masses put significant pressure on US-Indonesia relations. Rusk Secretary urged Ambassador Green on January 29 to resume talks with Foreign Minister Subandrio.

The conversation resulted did not last until February 9, where Ambassador Green found that Indonesian Attorney General received a signed confession from Lovestrand stating that he did not report evidence of a rebellion in Papua.

Other parties continue to urge Sukarno to free Lovestrand. The embassy realized that the ongoing pressure on Sukarno created more problems than progress. Finally, on March 18, the Indonesian Embassy indicated by telegram to Rusk that the Indonesian Attorney General began processing documents to deport Lovestrand.

The Dutch missionary was eventually deported with his family using KLM airplanes on March 23, 1966. Harold Lovestrand later wrote about his experience in Indonesia in the book Hostage in Jakarta, published by Moody Press in 1967. (Victor Mambor/Zely)

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Provincial health team takes more rest than work, says Kopkedat

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GIDI church missionaries, pastor and Kopkedat Papua provide public health services in Okmakot Village, Seradala Sub-district, Yahukimo District. – Jubi/Agus Pabika

Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of Humanitarian Care Community for Remote Areas Papua (Kopkedat) Yan Akobiarek states despite education, public health services in Papua’s remote areas are still an issue.

Although the provincial health office has provided services to remote areas through several health programs such as Satgas Kaki Telanjang, Save Korowai and Nusantara Sehat, these programs have not well implemented.

“I think sending teams to remote areas is a good idea, but I get the impression that some team members only come for vacation, to work less and get more rest,” said Akobiarek told Jubi by phone on Tuesday (10/7/2018). For instance, he pointed out the team of Satgas Kaki Telanjang who are supposed to provide health service to villagers in Korowai. After the Ied al-Ftir break, their members are still not returning to their duty station.

Meanwhile, Maria Duwitau, the Vice Chairman of the Commission V on education and health of the Papuan House of Representative said doing health services in Papua, in particularly remote areas, is always connecting with a commitment. “No matter how greater of the offer, but without willingness and commitment, I think it’s useless,” Duwitau told Jubi not long ago. (*)

 

Reporter: Arjuna Pademme

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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SKP HAM urges the government to open democratic space for Papuan students

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SKP HAM in a press conference in LBH Papua office. – Jubi/LBH Surabaya.Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – Solidarity for the Victims of Human Rights Violation (SKP HAM) Papua urge the Indonesian Government to open democratic space for Papuan students and conduct a thorough investigation on sexual harassment by a police officer at Papuan dormitory in Surabaya on last Friday (6/7/2018).

The Coordinator of SKP HAM Peneas Lokbere said the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia of1945 in the Article 28E Paragraph 3 and the Law No. 39 of1999 on Human Rights Article 24 Paragraph 1 state, “Each person has the right to associate, assemble and express his opinions peacefully” but what have been occurred to the Alliance of Papuan Students is a violation against the constitution.

“The police and military officers and members of the civil service police unit came to student dormitory trying to stop the weekly discussion. The students also witnessed the security forces carrying long-barrier guns. It was such an ironic,” Lokbere stated in the press release received by Jubi on Wednesday (11/8/2018).

Further, he stated that according to the Legal Aid Institute (LBH) Surabaya, the incident occurred when the Tambaksari Sub-district Chief accompanied by the police, military and civil service police unit of Surabaya Municipality came to the dormitory in the inspection of civil registration. “However, when students and public attorney from LBH Surabaya asked for an official letter, the sub-district chief was not able to show it.”

Meanwhile, the Director of LBH Papua Simon Pattirajawane said what have done by the security forces, in this case, is a violation against the human rights. “The Human Rights Commission should immediately form an investigation team to investigate this alleged case of intimidation, terror and racism against Papuan students in several cities in Java, including Surabaya, Malang and Yogyakarta.” (*)

 

Reporter: Hengky Yeimo

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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West Papua activists stopped by Solomons police

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Ben Didiomea displays the West Papuan flag as Indonesian staff try to usher him away. – Photo: Facebook/ Ben Didiomea

Solomon, Jubi – Solomon Islands police says they confiscated a West Papuan flag at the Melanesian Arts Festival to stop any provocation aimed at the Indonesian delegation.

Ben Didiomea had his flag taken by police over the weekend after he held it up in front of Indonesia’s festival stall to protest its inclusion at the event.

A video on Facebook shows Mr Didiomea – who was part of a group of demonstrators – holding up West Papua’s Morning Star flag as Indonesian officials tried to move him away from the stall.

He was then approached by Solomon Islands Police who confiscated the flag.

Mr Didiomea said he had been standing in solidarity with fellow Melanesian people of Indonesia’s Papua region, where the Morning Star is banned.

He said the Melanesian Arts Festival, which Honiara hosted over the last ten days, was not intended as an Asian festival.

Police issued a statement saying the flag was removed to prevent provocation of the Indonesians, reminding the demonstrators that it was not a political event.

Mr Didiomea, who along with two other demonstrators was questioned by police, said the inclusion of Indonesia at the Arts Festival was a political move by the Solomons government.

“Because it was a festival of Melanesia, Indonesia is not part of Melanesia. So why does it need an Indonesia stall at the arts festival? It’s a Melanesian festival, so what are Indonesia coming to arts festival?”

Changing relationship

According to Mr Didiomea, the police action was a sign that the country was forming a closer relationship with Indonesia.

The Solomon Islands government under prime minister Rick Hou has recently shown signs that it was pursuing a different policy regarding West Papua to that of the previous prime minister Manasseh Sogavare.

Mr Sogavare, who is now the deputy prime minister, campaigned internationally about West Papuan human rights issues. He was also supportive of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua, and instrumental in its admission to the Melanesian Spearhead Group in 2015.

However after he was replaced by Mr Hou late last year, the Solomons government has been notably less vocal about West Papua human rights issues in international fora.

A visit in April by a Solomons delegation to Indonesia’s provinces of Papua and West Papua at the invitation of Jakarta was billed as having added “balance” to the government’s view on West Papuan issues.

The Solomons government told RNZ Pacific in May that it was consulting with the provinces as it formulated an official position on West Papuan human rights and self-determination issues. (*)

 

Source: radionz.co

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