Jayapura, Jubi – A number of American diplomatic cable documents related to Indonesia, especially the 1965 tragedy reopened to the public by three American institutions. The documents uncovered telegrams from and to the United States in relation to the mass killings after 1965.
The three institutions are the National Security Archive (NSA), the National Declassification Center (NDC), both nonprofit organizations, and state institutions National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
One of the many telegram documents reveals the shooting of innocent Indonesians carried out by the Indonesian army from June to July 1965.
The brutal story in Arfai
There are 39 documents of 30,000 pages which is the record of the United States Embassy (US) for Indonesia since 1964 until 1968. From number of documents, one document was revealed on the shooting of many Orang Asli Papua (Papuan indigenous) in Manokwari in 1965.
The 542A controlled telegram document dated September 15, 1965 revolves around the conditions in West Irian (West Papua) in mid-September 1965, as narrated by a Dutch Protestant missionary who reported about the imprisonment of a missionary, Harold Lovestrand.
The telegram mentioned in June that the Indonesian security forces had prevented some Papuans planning to leave Papua to Australia with a document signed by some of the most prominent Papuans of the time in Manokwari. This incident was followed by the arrest of most civil servants and a number of regional functionaries.
Telegram signed by the US Ambassador to Indonesia Marshall Green, described the first action of Indonesian army in Manokwari is said to be brutal. On 26 June on a hill in Manokwari three Indonesian soldiers were raising a red and white flag, shot by a group of Papuans who rebelled at the time. This event came to be known as an attack on Arfai Headquarters by Permenas Ferry Awom.
Yunus Inauri, one of the perpetrators of the Arfai headquarters attack, in an interview with Jubi few years ago, said that Permenas Awom is a former member of the Papuan Battalion. He was commander of Papua PVK in the Dutch era. He and his friends rebelled because Indonesian troops who came to Papua have made discomfort for the community.
Inauri who was a teacher at the time, said that if Indonesian soldiers find Papuan people on the street who are considered to behave strangely, then they will play at them arbitrarily, including students at school. Permenas who see the situation felt that it was not right; with his friends he beat the Indonesian soldiers who make a mess. But it was said the firefight was inevitable. The situation was so crowded, people run scattered. Permenas by then had a weapon that always carried everywhere.
After the shooting of three Indonesian soldiers, the next day the Indonesian army fired on every visible Papuans and many innocent people were shot in the streets. The shooting action expanded in the days that followed, but Awom’s group never came down to attack Manokwari.
Awom group resistance continued until the main Indonesian troops were brought in from outside Manokwari. In this mass of resistance, incessantly circulated the issue that if Papua is independent, then the Netherlands, Australia and the United States will help fund Papua’s development.
Lovestrand himself, in the telegram is called arrested for fear of being a victim of shootings. For in that period, Papuans who wanted independence filled the streets, as did the Indonesian security apparatus.
In addition to Lovestrand, a Dutch Catholic priest named Vandenberg in Sukarnopura (the name of Jayapura at the time) was also detained for no apparent reason.
The NDC blog says the Lovestrand case that happened to the masses put significant pressure on US-Indonesia relations. Rusk Secretary urged Ambassador Green on January 29 to resume talks with Foreign Minister Subandrio.
The conversation resulted did not last until February 9, where Ambassador Green found that Indonesian Attorney General received a signed confession from Lovestrand stating that he did not report evidence of a rebellion in Papua.
Other parties continue to urge Sukarno to free Lovestrand. The embassy realized that the ongoing pressure on Sukarno created more problems than progress. Finally, on March 18, the Indonesian Embassy indicated by telegram to Rusk that the Indonesian Attorney General began processing documents to deport Lovestrand.
The Dutch missionary was eventually deported with his family using KLM airplanes on March 23, 1966. Harold Lovestrand later wrote about his experience in Indonesia in the book Hostage in Jakarta, published by Moody Press in 1967. (Victor Mambor/Zely)
West Papua National Liberation Army: It’s an attack, not execution
Jayapura, Jubi – West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB) finally spoke up regarding the murder accusation over them. They admitted being responsible for the shooting of people identified as the employees of PT. Istaka Karya that are building the Trans-Papua road.
Papuans’ trust towards Jokowi has diminish regarding human rights solving
Jayapura, Jubi – Chairman of the Papuan Customary Council Dominikus Surabut said that President Joko Widodo’s policy regarding cases of alleged violations of human rights in Papua raised a sceptical trust of Papuans over him.
“It added a sceptical trust among Papuans, especially the victims’ families,” Surabut told Jubi at his office on Tuesday (27/11/2018) in Waena, Jayapura City, Papua.
Moreover, he said that during his administration there were 7,000 Papuans detained by police in peaceful demonstrations. It’s the highest number in the last decade.
And this distrust increased after the appointment of General Andika Perkasa as the Indonesian Army Chief. In the past, he was a member of the military operation in Papua, but his particular tasks were not explicit.
Some media have released about the involvement of General Andika in the murder of charismatic Papuan leader Theys Hiyo Eluai on 10 November 2001 in Jayapura, Papua.
Theys is the Chairman of Papua Presidium Council (PDP), a political organisation that fights for the independence of Papua that established during the administration of President Abdurrahman Wahid and was not popular among the Indonesian Military.
Indoprogress.com said that Andika’s involvement in the murder of Theys has never thoroughly investigated. His alleged involvement in the case revealed by a letter sent by Agus Zihof, the father of a defendant Captain Inf. Rionardo. Zihow who’s a retired army sent a letter to the Former Indonesian Military Chief General Ryamizard Ryacudu.
In his letter, Zihof said that his son was forced to confess to killing Theys by a man named Major Andika Perkasa. He also revealed that Andika promised to give his son a good position in the Indonesian State Intelligent Agency because his father-in-law was an influential person there. A special investigation team formed to investigate the murder case of Theys to examine Andika Perkasa.
Furthermore, Surabut said with human rights violators from the past surround him, Jokowi would never encounter the humanitarian problem in Indonesia.
Separately, President of the Synode of Baptiste Church of Papua, Dr Sokratez Sofyan Yoman, said President Joko Widodo seems to prioritize the formal events rather than the primary development in Papua.
“There is no significant change. Jokowi performs a play” said Yoman.
Moreover, he said Papuans do not require impromptu visits, acting, or carrying children during his visits, waving and smiling.
People amazed by his charming and that he has made ten official visits to Papua. But, He’s not aware that he never touch the main problem in Papua which is respecting human dignity instead of infrastructure development.
“We don’t need money. Our dignity is priceless. Money cannot measure it,” he said.
The more important is that he respects the dignity of Papuans by stopping all forms of violence and investigating who’s behind it because of 7,000 Papuans detained by the police during his administration. (*)
Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Government should pay more attention addressing HIV-AIDS in Papua
HIV-AIDS still becomes a ‘scary ghost’ for Papua Province.
A data released by the Ministry of Health in March recorded that within 12 years (2005-2017) the number of people living with AIDS in Papua has reached 19,729. This number is the highest rate among other Indonesian provinces, while the total of AIDS cases in Indonesia is 102.667.
The second highest rate of AIDS occurred in East Java for 18,243, following by Jakarta at 9,215, Central Java at 8,170, Bali at 7,441 and West Java at 6,502. However, the data showed that Papua Province is at the third rank for the number of people living with the HIV (29,083) compared to Jakarta (51,981) and East Java (39,633). Following Papua in the fourth and fifth ranks are West Java and East Java with 28,964 and 22,292 cases respectively.
Given the fact that the number of population in Papua Province is lesser than the provinces of Jakarta, East Java and West Java, it makes Papua becoming the province with the highest case rate of AIDS in Indonesia until December 2017. The case rate is cumulative of the number of people living with, died from AIDS and the total number of HIV-AIDS cases per 1000,000 population.
The case rate for Papua Province is 620,56 which 18,149 people living with AIDS and 1,580 people died from AIDS during 1987-2017, whereas West Papua Province is in the second place; at 216,46 including 1,699 people living with AIDS and 42 died from AIDS.
The updated figure for HIV-AIDS cases per 30 September 2018 in Papua Province is 38,874. It shows that Nabire Regency has the highest HIV-AIDS cases (7,420) and it followed by Jayapura Municipality at 6,189, Jayawijaya Regency at 5,964, Mimika Regency at 5,670 and Jayapura Regency at 2,918.
Most cases occurred in Papua are due to sexual intercourse with several partners which reach 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS), whereas another factor is the Most cases or risk factors occurred in Papua due to sexual intercourse with several partners are 14,148 (HIV) and 23,610 (AIDS). Another factor is the transmission from mother to child that reaches 212 for HIV and 473 for AIDS.
Responding to this situation, the Chairman of AIDS Commission (KPA) of Papua Province Constant Karma told Jubi on Wednesday, 22 November 2018, that firstly people must fully understand about the transmission of HIV.
He said HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluids if we have direct contact with wounds on the skin or open mucous membranes of people who already infected, such as mouth, nose, vagina, rectum and penis’ external urethral.
“HIV can also be transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex, as well as contact with blood and other body fluids. But kissing can be safe if both partners have no sore or mouth sprue. Touching, hugging and normal interacting with people infected with HIV are also safe,” he said.
He recommends people to have safe sex by using a condom and avoiding touching blood or other people’s body fluids.
“We never know who has HIV, because there is no stereotype and perhaps people don’t realise that they are already infected. So avoid to have direct contact with blood and body fluids of other people because it might have risks for HIV transmission, especially if we have open sores on any part of our body,” he said.
Karma said that the high rate of HIV-AIDS in Papua was due to people are still reluctant to conduct examinations.
“This figure indicates that the rate of people who already entered the stage of AIDS. It becomes a problem because if they get at this stage, it will be difficult to recover their condition,” he said.
Karma also said that KPA still difficulties related to funds to reduce the number of people living with HIV-AIDS in Papua. “In the past, we have collaborated with some international NGOs but not anymore because Indonesia currently regarded as a developed country. Therefore these NGOs are paying more attention to other developing countries,” he said.
Moreover, he said KPA Papua’s funds are insufficient to cover all areas of Papua, especially the mountain areas.
AIDS prevalence has reduced since 2014
Head of the Technical Implementation Unit for AIDS, TB and Malaria, Papua Health Office, dr. Beery Wopari, said that since 2014 HIV and AIDS cases in Papua had decreased, although not too significant.
“In 2014 there were 4,452 new cases found in 29 regencies and municipality, but until 2018 there were 1,993 new cases detected or found,” he said. It means that most people are willing to conduct health examinations or do early detection of the disease, explained Wopari.
“Although it is undeniable that many people are still reluctant to conduct medical checks,” he said.
Wopari hopes that the elimination process carried out by Nabire Regency which has the highest HIV-AIDS rate can be emulated by other districts in Papua Province. Nabire District Health Office has carried out medical checks for people who come for treatment at the community centres.
“The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Nabire is currently growing. There is a regulation that requires all community centres in Nabire to carry out the preliminary tests to all patients who come for treatment to reduce it. “It is good so that we can treat people who have been infected with HIV before the patient enters the stage of AIDS,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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